Presidential Security Group
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|Presidential Security Group|
Coat of Arms of the PSG
|Active||March 6, 1897 - Present|
|Role||VIP Security, Presidential Protection Service|
|Size||1 Brigade/Regiment, 3 Battalions. Total is 4000+ soldiers, police, coast guard and civilian personnel|
|Part of||Under the Office of the President|
|Garrison/HQ||Malacañang Palace, Manila|
|Nickname(s)||PSG, The President's Guards, Presidential Guards, Filipino Secret Service|
|Motto(s)||Integrity, Service, Excellence|
|Decorations||Presidential Streamer Award, Philippine Republic Presidential Unit Citation Badge|
|Col. Rolando Joselito Bautista|
|Unit Patch||PSG Badge|
The PSG is stationed at Malacañang Palace, the official residence of the President. Members of the PSG also accompany the President on both domestic and overseas trips.
While the present-day force was established in 1987, the protection of the President and the Presidential Family has been always the duty of the Armed Forces of the Philippines since 1897. A guard unit was raised at the time to protect the first official President, Emilio Aguinaldo, from attempts on his life, while another was formed for the defence of Andrés Bonifacio, the Supremo of the Katipunan revolutionary movement, as a result of the decisions of the Naic Conference. In 1898, a presidential cavalry squadron was raised for the protection of President Aguinaldo and his family, reinforced with a guards infantry company. Like today's PSG, they wore rayadillo uniforms, but with straw hats. Major Geronimo Gatmaitan was the unit commander.
In 1936, the 1st Cavalry Regiment of the 1st Infantry Division, Philippine Army, raised the same year, was tasked with defending President Manuel Quezon, his family, and the palace complex. They were joined by a guards company in 1938 to reinforce the President's security.
During the Second World War, units of the occupying Imperial Japanese Army initially took over guard duties at the palace, only to be replaced by an all-Filipino guard battalion at the insistence of President José P. Laurel. At war's end, it was in turn replaced by the AFP Presidential Guards Battalion under the orders of President Sergio Osmeña.
The role of the PSG is to provide protective security to the following:
- The President and their immediate families.
- Former Presidents and their immediate families.
- Malacañang Palace (Seat of Government).
- Visiting heads of states or diplomats and their families travelling with them.
The Presidential Security Group also have other functions, such as providing support to other government agencies. They assist the AFP and PNP in its anti-organized-crime undertakings, usually authorised by the Office of the President. They also conduct community service efforts in local communities, and maintain and secure all facilities and transportation assets used by the Office of the President and Vice President in doing its regular and non-regular functions.
- Presidential Escorts
- Presidential Guards
- Headquarters & Headquarters Service Battalion
- Security Battalion
- Special Reaction Unit / K9 Unit
- PSG Station Hospital
- PSG Dental Dispensary
- Presidential Intelligence Company
- PSG Training School
OPERATIONALLY CONTROLLED UNITS
- 11th Mechanized Infantry Company
- Presidential Protection Unit
- Manila Police District Field Force
- Special Action Force
- 250th Presidential Airlift Wing
- Malacañang Fire Station
- 93rd Marine Security Company
- AT-25 BRP Ang Pagasa
- CGS Pasig
- 1st Provisional Company
- Presidential Computer and Communication Battalion
- 710th Special Operations Wing
- 5th EOD Detachment, PA
PSG members are known to carry assorted firearms, some known firearms include:
- Colt/Elisco M16A1 5.56mm Assault Rifle
- Remington R4 5.56mm Carbine
- Heckler & Koch G36 5.56mm Assault Rifle
- Heckler & Koch MP5 9mm Submachine Gun
- Heckler & Koch USP .45ACP Pistol
- Various M1911 .45ACP Pistols
The PSG utilizes Motorola trunked two-way radios with encryption capability.
- http://psg.mil.ph/ PSG Official Page
- ""PSG" (Documentary by Sandra Aguinaldo)". GMA News. 2011-01-07. Retrieved 2011-07-16.
- "Philippine Daily Inquirer - Google News Archive Search". news.google.com. Retrieved 2016-07-01.