List of Presidents of Uruguay

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The Executive Tower in Montevideo has been the working place of the President since 2009.
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Uruguay is a presidential republic in which the President (Spanish: Presidente) is both the head of state and head of government. The following is a list of all the people who have held the office of President of Uruguay since 6 November 1830 (when the first constitution was adopted), with the exception of those who held the office of "President" under the National Council of Government, which served as the country's executive directory from 1955 to 1967. The first president of this list is Fructuoso Rivera, who held the office twice and once as part of the Triumvirate that ruled Uruguay from 1853 to 1854.

Most of the Presidents of Uruguay have belonged to the Colorado Party, a traditionally conservative party founded by Rivera in 1836. The first free democratic elections for President were held in 1920. The current president is Tabaré Vázquez of the Broad Front, who was elected for a second term in the 2014 presidential election.

Governors of Uruguay as a province[edit]

Oriental Province (1814–1817)[edit]

Province part of the United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata.

Portrait Name Party Term of office Election Notes
- NRodriguez.jpg Nicolás Rodríguez Peña 9 July 1814 25 August 1814 Governor. Appointed by Gervasio Antonio de Posadas, Supreme Director of the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata.
- M E Soler por Bettinoti.jpg Miguel Estanislao Soler 25 August 1814 25 February 1815 Governor.
- Fernando Otorgués 26 February 1815 July 1815 Governor. Appointed by José Gervasio Artigas.
- Miguel Barreiro July 1815 20 January 1817 Governor. Appointed by José Gervasio Artigas.

Cisplatine Province (1817–1828)[edit]

After the Portuguese conquest of the Banda Oriental the Oriental Province became a province of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves and a province of the Empire of Brazil after 1822.

Portrait Name Party Term of office Election Notes
- Carlos Federico Lecor.jpg Carlos Frederico Lecor 20 January 1817 3 February 1826 Governor.
- Francisco de Paula Magessi Tavares de Carvalho 3 February 1826 27 August 1828 Governor.

Oriental Province (1825–1828)[edit]

In the Congress of Florida the Oriental Province declared independence from the Empire of Brazil and reunited with the United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata.

Portrait Name Party Term of office Election Notes
- 25 August 1825 19 September 1825
- Lavalleja juan antonio.jpg Juan Antonio Lavalleja 19 September 1825 5 July 1826 Governor. Appointed by the Congress of Florida.
- Suarez-joaquin.jpg Joaquín Suárez 5 July 1826 12 October 1827 Governor.
- Luis Eduardo Pérez.JPG Luis Eduardo Pérez 12 October 1827 27 August 1828 Governor. Appointed by Juan Antonio Lavalleja.

Heads of state of Uruguay as an independent country[edit]

Government and Provisional General Captaincy of the Oriental State of Uruguay (1828–1830)[edit]

After the Preliminary Peace Convention the Oriental Province gained effective independence from the Empire of Brazil and the United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata.

Portrait Name Party Term of office Election Notes
- Luis Eduardo Pérez.JPG Luis Eduardo Pérez 27 August 1828 1 December 1828 Governor and Provisional Captain General. Appointed by Juan Antonio Lavalleja.
- Suarez-joaquin.jpg Joaquín Suárez 1 December 1828 22 December 1828 Governor and Provisional Captain General. Appointed by the General Constituent Assembly.
- Jose Rondeau.jpg José Rondeau 22 December 1828 17 April 1830 Governor and Provisional Captain General. Appointed by the General Constituent Assembly.
- Lavalleja juan antonio.jpg Juan Antonio Lavalleja 17 April 1830 28 June 1830 Governor and Provisional Captain General. Appointed by the General Constituent Assembly.

Oriental State of Uruguay (1830–1919)[edit]

The Constitution of 1830 comes into force.

Portrait Name Party Term of office Election Notes
- Lavalleja juan antonio.jpg Juan Antonio Lavalleja 28 June 1830 24 October 1830 Governor and Provisional Captain General. Appointed by the General Constituent Assembly.
- Luis Eduardo Pérez.JPG Luis Eduardo Pérez 24 October 1830 6 November 1830 Acting president.
1 Fructuoso Rivera.jpg Fructuoso Rivera Colorado 6 November 1830 24 October 1834 1830 Resigned.
- Carlos Anaya.jpg Carlos Anaya Colorado 24 October 1834 1 March 1835 President of the Senate exercising the Executive Power.
2 Gral. Manuel Oribe y Viana.png Manuel Oribe Nacional 1 March 1835 24 October 1838 1835 Resigned.
- Pereira-gabriel.gif Gabriel Antonio Pereira Colorado 24 October 1838 1 March 1839 President of the Senate exercising the Executive Power.
(1) Fructuoso Rivera.jpg Fructuoso Rivera Colorado 1 March 1839 1 March 1843 1839
- Gral. Manuel Oribe y Viana.png Manuel Oribe Nacional 16 February 1843 8 October 1851 Self-proclaimed president of the Gobierno del Cerrito, during the Uruguayan Civil War.
- Suarez-joaquin.jpg Joaquín Suárez Colorado 1 March 1843 15 February 1852 President of the Senate exercising the Executive Power. President of the Gobierno de la Defensa, during the Uruguayan Civil War.
- Bberro.JPG Bernardo Prudencio Berro Nacional 15 February 1852 1 March 1852 President of the Senate exercising the Executive Power.
3 Juan Francisco Giró.jpg Juan Francisco Giró Nacional 1 March 1852 25 September 1853 1852
- Floresvenancio.jpg Venancio Flores Colorado 25 September 1853 12 March 1854 Triumvirate.
- Fructuoso Rivera.jpg Fructuoso Rivera Colorado 25 September 1853 13 January 1854
- Lavalleja juan antonio.jpg Juan Antonio Lavalleja 25 September 1853 22 October 1853
4 Floresvenancio.jpg Venancio Flores Colorado 12 March 1854 10 September 1855 1854 Resigned.
- Luis Lamas Partido Conservador 29 August 1855 10 September 1855 Self-proclaimed president after the Rebelión de los Conservadores.
- Manuel Basilio Bustamante Colorado 10 September 1855 15 February 1856 President of the Senate exercising the Executive Power.
- José María Plá Colorado 15 February 1856 1 March 1856 President of the Senate exercising the Executive Power.
5 Pereira-gabriel.gif Gabriel Antonio Pereira Colorado 1 March 1856 1 March 1860 1856
6 Bberro.JPG Bernardo Prudencio Berro Nacional 1 March 1860 1 March 1864 1860
- Atanasio Aguirre.jpg Atanasio Cruz Aguirre Nacional 1 March 1864 15 February 1865 President of the Senate exercising the Executive Power. Resigned after the Brazilian invasion.
- Tomás Villalba.jpg Tomás Villalba Nacional 15 February 1865 20 February 1865 President of the Senate exercising the Executive Power. Resigned after the Brazilian invasion.
- Floresvenancio.jpg Venancio Flores Colorado 20 February 1865 15 February 1868 De facto president after the Brazilian invasion.
- Pedro Varela.jpg Pedro Varela Colorado 15 February 1868 1 March 1868 President of the Senate exercising the Executive Power.
7 Lorenzo Batlle y Grau.jpg Lorenzo Batlle Colorado 1 March 1868 1 March 1872 1868
- Gomensoro-pedro.JPG Tomás Gomensoro Colorado 1 March 1872 1 March 1873 President of the Senate exercising the Executive Power.
8 JoseEllauri1870.jpg José Eugenio Ellauri Colorado 1 March 1873 22 January 1875 1873 Resigned.
9 Pedro Varela.jpg Pedro Varela Colorado 22 January 1875 10 March 1876 Appointed by the General Assembly.
- LorenzoLatorre1875.jpg Lorenzo Latorre Colorado 10 March 1876 1 March 1879 De facto president after a coup.
10 1 March 1879 15 March 1880 1879 Resigned.
11 Favidal.JPG Francisco Antonino Vidal Colorado 15 March 1880 1 March 1882 Resigned.
12 Msantosuy.JPG Máximo Santos Colorado 1 March 1882 1 March 1886 Appointed by the General Assembly.
(11) Favidal.JPG Francisco Antonino Vidal Colorado 1 March 1886 24 May 1886 1886 Resigned.
- Msantosuy.JPG Máximo Santos Colorado 24 May 1886 18 November 1886 President of the Senate exercising the Executive Power. Resigned.
13 MaximoTajes.jpg Máximo Tajes Colorado 18 November 1886 1 March 1890 Appointed by the General Assembly.
14 Julio Herrera y Obes.jpg Julio Herrera y Obes Colorado 1 March 1890 1 March 1894 1890
15 DuncanStewart.jpg Duncan Stewart Colorado 1 March 1894 21 March 1894 President of the Senate exercising the Executive Power.
16 Idiarte borda.jpg Juan Idiarte Borda Colorado 21 March 1894 25 August 1897 1894 Assassinated.
- JuanLCuestas.jpg Juan Lindolfo Cuestas Colorado 25 August 1897 10 February 1898 President of the Senate exercising the Executive Power.
10 February 1898 15 February 1899 De facto president following a self-coup. Resigned.
17 JoseBatlle1900.jpg José Batlle y Ordóñez Colorado 15 February 1899 1 March 1899 President of the Senate exercising the Executive Power.
18 JuanLCuestas.jpg Juan Lindolfo Cuestas Colorado 1 March 1899 1 March 1903 1899
(17) JoseBatlle1900.jpg José Batlle y Ordóñez Colorado 1 March 1903 1 March 1907 1903
19 Williman.jpg Claudio Williman Colorado 1 March 1907 1 March 1911 1907
(17) JoseBatlle1900.jpg José Batlle y Ordóñez Colorado 1 March 1911 1 March 1915 1911
20 Viera-feliciano.jpg Feliciano Viera Colorado 1 March 1915 1 March 1919 1915

Oriental Republic of Uruguay (1919–present)[edit]

The Constitution of 1918 comes into force.

Portrait Name Party Term of office Election Notes
21 Baltasar Brum.jpg Baltasar Brum Colorado 1 March 1919 1 March 1923 1919 President served as part of the executive alongside the National Administration Council, headed by Prime Ministers:
22 JOSE SERRATO URUGUAY 1926.JPG José Serrato Colorado 1 March 1923 1 March 1927 1922 President served as part of the executive alongside the National Administration Council, headed by Prime Ministers:
23 Juan Campisteguy Oxcoby in 1917.jpg Juan Campisteguy Colorado 1 March 1927 1 March 1931 1926 President served as part of the executive alongside the National Administration Council, headed by Prime Ministers:
24 Terra1913.jpg Gabriel Terra Colorado 1 March 1931 31 March 1933 1930 President served as part of the executive alongside the National Administration Council, headed by Prime Ministers:
- 31 March 1933 18 May 1934 De facto president following a self-coup.
18 May 1934 19 June 1938 Provisional president elected by the 3rd National Constituent Convention.
25 AlfredoBaldomir.jpg Alfredo Baldomir Colorado 19 June 1938 21 February 1942 1938
- 21 February 1942 1 March 1943 De facto president following a self-coup.
26 Juan José de Amézaga.jpg Juan José de Amézaga Colorado 1 March 1943 1 March 1947 1942
27 Tomás Berreta Colorado 1 March 1947 2 August 1947 1946 Died in office.
28 Lbberres23.jpg Luis Batlle Berres Colorado 2 August 1947 1 March 1951 Vice-president under Berreta, assumed the presidency after his death.
29 Andrés Martínez Trueba Colorado 1 March 1951 1 March 1952 1950
- Coat of arms of Uruguay.svg
Flag of Uruguay.svg
National Council of Government 1952–55 Colorado 1 March 1952 1 March 1955 President of the National Council of Government:
- Coat of arms of Uruguay.svg
Flag of Uruguay.svg
National Council of Government 1955–59 Colorado 1 March 1955 1 March 1959 1954 Presidents of the National Council of Government:
- Coat of arms of Uruguay.svg
Flag of Uruguay.svg
National Council of Government 1959–63 Nacional 1 March 1959 1 March 1963 1958 Presidents of the National Council of Government:
- Coat of arms of Uruguay.svg
Flag of Uruguay.svg
National Council of Government 1963–67 Nacional 1 March 1963 1 March 1967 1962 Presidents of the National Council of Government:
30 Óscar Diego Gestido Colorado 1 March 1967 6 December 1967 1966 Died in office.
31 Jorge Pacheco Areco.jpg Jorge Pacheco Areco Colorado 6 December 1967 1 March 1972 Vice-president under Gestido, assumed the presidency after his death.
32 Juan Maria Bordaberry.jpg Juan María Bordaberry Colorado 1 March 1972 27 June 1973 1971
- 27 June 1973 12 June 1976 1973 Uruguayan coup d'état, start of the dictatorship between 1976 and 1985.
- Alberto Demicheli Colorado 12 June 1976 1 September 1976 Designated by the Armed Forces.
- Aparicio Méndez.jpg Aparicio Méndez Nacional 1 September 1976 1 September 1981 Designated by the Armed Forces.
- Gregorio Álvarez 1 September 1981 12 February 1985 Designated by the Armed Forces.
- Rafael Addiego Bruno Unión Cívica 12 February 1985 1 March 1985 President of the Supreme Court, designated by the Armed Forces.
33 PresidenteSanguinettti.jpg Julio María Sanguinetti Colorado 1 March 1985 1 March 1990 1984
34 Luisalbertolacalle.jpg Luis Alberto Lacalle Nacional 1 March 1990 1 March 1995 1989
(33) PresidenteSanguinettti.jpg Julio María Sanguinetti Colorado 1 March 1995 1 March 2000 1994
35 Jorge Batlle.jpg Jorge Batlle Colorado 1 March 2000 1 March 2005 1999
36 Tabaré Vázquez en 2015 (cropped).jpg Tabaré Vázquez Frente Amplio 1 March 2005 1 March 2010 2004
37 Pepemujica2.jpg José Mujica Frente Amplio 1 March 2010 1 March 2015 2009
(36) Tabaré Vázquez en 2015 (cropped).jpg Tabaré Vázquez Frente Amplio 1 March 2015 Incumbent 2014

See also[edit]