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The prison was built under the President-turned-dictator Gerardo Machado between 1926 and 1928. The five circular blocks, with cells constructed in tiers around central observation posts, were built with the capacity to house up to 2,500 prisoners in humane conditions.
After Fidel Castro's revolutionary triumph in 1959, Presidio Modelo remained in operation. By 1961, due to the overcrowded conditions (up to 4000 prisoners at one time), it was the site of various riots and hunger strikes, especially just before the Bay of Pigs invasion, when orders were given to line the tunnels underneath the entire prison with several tons of TNT.
Prominent Cuban political prisoners such as Armando Valladares, Roberto Martín Pérez, and Pedro Luis Boitel were held there at one point or another during their respective incarcerations. It was permanently closed by the government in 1967.
The prison now serves as a museum and is declared a national monument, and the old administration building now serves as a school and research center.
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- "Testimonios - Colchones de dinamita y TNT para prisioneros" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on June 16, 2011. Retrieved November 21, 2010.
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- Media related to Presidio Modelo at Wikimedia Commons
- Museum “Presidio Modelo”
- Presidio Modelo
- cubasi.cu. "The Model Prison". cubaheritage.org. Retrieved January 17, 2014.