Presto (album)

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Presto
Rush Presto.jpg
Studio album by
ReleasedNovember 21, 1989 (1989-11-21)
RecordedJune–August 1989
StudioLe Studio, Morin Heights, Quebec
McClear Place, Toronto, Ontario
Genre
Length52:11
LabelAnthem
Producer
Rush chronology
A Show of Hands
(1989)
Presto
(1989)
Chronicles
(1990)
Singles from Presto
  1. "Show Don't Tell"
    Released: November 1989
  2. "The Pass"
    Released: 1990

Presto is the thirteenth studio album by Canadian rock band Rush. It was released November 21, 1989 by Anthem Records and was the band's first album released internationally by Atlantic Records following the group's departure from Mercury. After the Hold Your Fire (1987) tour ended in 1988, the group members reconvened in December to decide their next step and agreed to take six months off before starting on a new album. Presto marked another change in Rush's sound, with guitar taking a more dominant role in the writing and a reduction in synthesizers and a return towards more guitar-driven arrangements.

Presto reached No. 7 in Canada and No. 16 in the United States. "Show Don't Tell," "The Pass" and "Superconductor" were released as singles from Presto; the former charted at No. 1 on the U.S. Album Rock Tracks chart.[4] Rush supported the album with the Presto Tour from February to June 1990. Presto reached gold certification by the Recording Industry Association of America for selling 500,000 copies.[5] The album was remastered in 2004 and 2013, the latter as part of the 2013 box set, The Studio Albums 1989–2007. In 2015 it was reissued after being remastered by Sean Magee at Abbey Road Studios following a direct approach by Rush to remaster their entire back catalogue.[6]

Background[edit]

In May 1988, Rush wrapped up touring the band's previous album, Hold Your Fire (1987),[7] which was followed by the band's third live release A Show of Hands in early 1989.[8] The group then decided not to renew contracts with international distributor Mercury Records; Lifeson said they departed because the relationship had become stale by this point.[8] Peart later wrote that with the band now "free of deadlines and obligations" for the first time in fifteen years, they chose to take advantage by taking a six-month break.[9] In December 1988, the group gathered at Peart's house to discuss the next step and agreed to start a new studio album after the break.[9][10]

Writing[edit]

Work on Presto began with Rush renting a studio in the country to write and rehearse new material. They adopted their usual method of Lifeson and Lee working on the music while Peart worked alone on the lyrics. Peart wrote: "At the end of the day I might wander into the studio, ice cubes clinking, and listen to what they'd been up to, and if I'd been lucky, show them something new."[9] Rush worked at the studio during the week and returned home on weekends.[9]

Presto marks the beginning of Rush's return to a more guitar-driven sound from what is known to many as Rush's "synthesizer period" of the band's last four releases. When Lifeson and Lee discussed what musical direction to take, they agreed that the core of the band's sound, emotion, and energy had come from the guitar, something that they wanted to return to for Presto.[9] This resulted in a much more satisfying album for Lifeson.[8] Lifeson had felt constricted in his guitar playing since synthesizers began playing a more dominant role in the songwriting and performance on Signals (1982), which had continued through the 1980s.[11] Lee explained that Rush wanted Presto to be "more of a singer's album, and I think you'll notice that the arrangements musically support the vocal[s] ... Neil's lyrics to me are a lot more heartfelt [...] This album was a real reaction against technology in a sense. I was getting sick and tired of working with computers and synthesizers [...] We made a pact to stay away from strings, pianos, and organs—to stay away from digital technology. In the end, we couldn't resist using them for colour."[12]

In a contrast to previous albums Grace Under Pressure, Power Windows and Hold Your Fire, the album does not contain an overall running lyrical theme, or what Peart described as "heavy" lyrical messages, instead adopting a more loose approach with each track making its own statement.[10] Peart used the word "response" to describe the lyrical content as a whole. "The idea that you don't go through life just looking at things. It doesn't matter if you've been all around the world - you may have seen it, but if you haven't felt it, you haven't been there."[13] Peart added: "There are many threads and a strong motif of looking at life today and trying to act inside it."[14]

After several songs had been worked out, the band felt it was the right time to present what they had to a co-producer. However, their initial choice, Peter Collins, who'd worked on Power Windows (1985) and Hold Your Fire, reluctantly declined the offer to work on Presto as he wished to produce other bands. Though Rush felt confident enough to undertake production duties themselves, they still wanted someone they could trust and to provide an objective point of view to their ideas.[9] Among the various candidates was English producer, songwriter, and keyboardist Rupert Hine, whose experience with a variety of artists attracted the group. Peart recalled the time when they presented their ideas to Hine: "We were a little bemused [...] at the end of some of them he actually seemed to be laughing! We looked at each other, eyebrows raised as if to say: "He thinks our songs are funny?" But evidently it was a laugh of pleasure; he stayed 'til the end".[9] At Hine's suggestion, the group brought in Stephen W. Tayler as the recording and mixing engineer. The sessions with Rush and Hine together were productive; initially, 10 days were assigned for pre-production work with one track for each day, but it was complete after just one-and-a-half days.[8]

The album's title was an idea that Rush had considered to use for A Show of Hands, but when Peart had started writing for a song entitled "Presto" it was then used as the title.[15][10]

Recording[edit]

Presto was recorded from June to August 1989.[16] As part of their deal with Hine, the band agreed to record parts of Presto in London.[15] Presto was finished around four weeks ahead of schedule.[8]

When the album was complete, Rush sought a new record deal and signed to Atlantic Records after executive Doug Morris had wanted to sign the group for a number of years and made an attractive offer.[8]

Songs[edit]

Side one[edit]

"The Pass" concerns a friend of Peart's who joined him on a cycle ride and once discussed juvenile suicide, which inspired the lyrics for the song.[11] Peart named it the song he had worked the hardest on due to the delicate nature of the subject.[13] The song became a group favorite; Peart picked the track as the reason to choose Presto as one album of theirs that they would re-record if they could.[17]

"Scars" features a complex drum pattern in which both acoustic and electronic drums are utilized. The pattern was derived from a tribal rhythm Neil Peart experienced while on a bicycle tour of Africa (later chronicled in his first book, The Masked Rider: Cycling in West Africa). He went on to incorporate this pattern into his live drum solos. The song also features the use of a sequencer in place of, and often mistaken for, a bass guitar.

Title track "Presto" was not performed live until 2010 for the Time Machine Tour. Lifeson said the song is about "feeling more active in your heart than in your head, not having the answers to problems."[11]

Side two[edit]

"Superconductor" deals with the superficiality of mainstream music. That topic also appears in other songs such as "Grand Designs" from the Power Windows album.

In "Anagram (for Mongo)," every line contains one or more words that are formed by using letters in another word from that same line (e.g. "There is no safe seat at the feast"), and certain lines contain anagrammed words (e.g. "Miracles will have their claimers"). Its title was inspired by the character Mongo from Blazing Saddles.[15] Lifeson spoke about the lyrics: "It doesn't mean anything, it was just a fun thing, but there are some great twists in there."[11]

"Red Tide" has been seen as a commentary on climate change and the growing problem of global warming.[18]

"Hand Over Fist" was originally an instrumental that Rush had intended to include on Presto, but Peart continued to submit lyrical ideas to Lifeson and Lee; one in particular fit to the music well enough and the plan for an instrumental was scrapped.[15] In the album's tour book Peart used the symbolism that the hand game "rock, paper, scissors" represents, which was made into a nursery rhyme and used as a lyrical chant in "Hand over Fist."[15]

Artwork[edit]

The album's sleeve was designed by Rush's longtime collaborator Hugh Syme: a black-and-white design depicting a levitating magician's hat on a hill with a rabbit emerging from it. The field in the foreground has many rabbits.[8] Rush had devised its concept and presented it to Syme who then produced several ideas depicting what they suggested. Lifeson recalled the moment when they saw the design they went with: "We all started laughing hysterically, 'This is great, it's perfect!'"[8]

Release[edit]

Rush produced three music videos for Presto: "Show, Don't Tell," "The Pass" and "Superconductor.".[8]

Critical reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic2.5/5 stars[19]
Rolling Stone3/5 stars[20]
Sea of Tranquility3.5/5 stars[21]

Gregory Heaney of AllMusic described the album as 'workmanlike' and removed from the creativity of their earlier works. However, he asserts that the songs aren't terrible, just a sense that something is not quite clicking, perhaps due to the length of time it had been since the band wrote more-traditional, guitar-based songs.[22] However, before such a review was posted on November 10, 2012, the site had listed a favorable 4.5 star (out of a possible 5) review of the album by Mackenzie Wilson. Wilson described the album as one that "intelligently leads Rush into the '90s without musical bleakness".[19]

Track listing[edit]

All lyrics are written by Neil Peart; all music is composed by Geddy Lee and Alex Lifeson.

Side one
No.TitleLength
1."Show Don't Tell"5:01
2."Chain Lightning"4:33
3."The Pass"4:52
4."War Paint"5:24
5."Scars"4:07
6."Presto"5:45
Side two
No.TitleLength
7."Superconductor"4:47
8."Anagram (For Mongo)"4:00
9."Red Tide"4:29
10."Hand over Fist"4:11
11."Available Light"5:03

Personnel[edit]

Credits taken from the album's CD liner notes.[16]

Rush

Additional personnel

Production

  • Rush – production, arrangement
  • Rupert Hine – production, arrangement
  • Stephen W. Tayler – engineer, mixing
  • Simon Pressey – assistant recording engineer at Le Studio
  • Jaques Deveau – assistant recording engineer at Le Studio
  • Rick Anderson – assistant recording engineer at McClear Place
  • Matt Howe – assistant mixing engineer
  • Everett Ravenstein – assistant pre-production engineer
  • Bob Ludwig – mastering
  • Hugh Syme – art direction
  • Scarpati – photography
  • Andrew MacNaughtan – portraits

Charts[edit]

Chart (1989) Position
German Albums (Offizielle Top 100)[23] 60
Dutch Albums (Album Top 100)[24] 70
UK Albums (OCC)[25] 27
US Billboard 200[26] 16

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification Certified units/sales
Canada (Music Canada)[27] Platinum 100,000^
United Kingdom (BPI)[28] Silver 60,000^
United States (RIAA)[29] Gold 500,000^

^ Shipments figures based on certification alone.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Presto (1989)". Stereogum. Archived from the original on April 2, 2021. Retrieved July 30, 2017.
  2. ^ "Rush: 'Presto' Album Review". Odissey. Archived from the original on March 11, 2018. Retrieved March 11, 2018.
  3. ^ "Presto – Rush". AllMusic. Archived from the original on June 10, 2012. Retrieved May 5, 2018.
  4. ^ [1] Archived July 8, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Music - What The Hell Happened To... 06.08.09: Rush - Presto". 411mania.com. June 27, 1990. Archived from the original on February 1, 2014. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
  6. ^ "Abbey Road - Engineers - Sean Magee". Archived from the original on December 14, 2020. Retrieved December 14, 2020.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on January 14, 2019. Retrieved January 13, 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i Wilding, Phil (November 25, 1989). "The Meaning of Lifeson". Kerrang!. No. 266. Archived from the original on January 14, 2019. Retrieved January 13, 2019.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g Peart, Neil (1990). "Scissors, Paper, Stone by Neil Peart". Anthem Records. Archived from the original on January 14, 2019. Retrieved January 13, 2019.
  10. ^ a b c Sharp, Keith (February 1990). "Something Up Their Sleeves". Music Express. Vol. 14 no. 144. Archived from the original on January 26, 2020. Retrieved January 14, 2019.
  11. ^ a b c d Elliot, Paul (December 9, 1989). "The Magic Circle". Sounds. Archived from the original on January 15, 2019. Retrieved January 14, 2019.
  12. ^ Krewen, Nick. "Rush: Presto change-o" Canadian Musician 12.2
  13. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on January 14, 2019. Retrieved January 14, 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ "Presto Change-O" - Canadian Musician, April 1990 Archived February 1, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. 2112.net. Retrieved on May 12, 2014.
  15. ^ a b c d e Coburn, Bob (December 4, 1989). "Geddy Lee on Rockline for Presto". Rockline. Archived from the original on January 14, 2019. Retrieved January 13, 2019.
  16. ^ a b Presto (Media notes). Atlantic Records. 1989. 7 82040-2. Archived from the original on January 14, 2019. Retrieved January 13, 2019.
  17. ^ Corus Radio - YouTube Archived February 12, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. Exploremusic.com. Retrieved on May 12, 2014.
  18. ^ Rush: Presto - Album Review Archived February 2, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. Cygnus-x1.net. Retrieved on May 12, 2014.
  19. ^ a b Wilson, Mackenzie. "Rush - Presto (Archived Entry from Allmusic.com)". Archive.org. Archived from the original on June 10, 2012. Retrieved September 6, 2017.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  20. ^ Bob Mack (January 25, 1990). "Presto". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on June 9, 2013. Retrieved August 16, 2011.
  21. ^ Pardo, Pete (2019). "Review: Rush: Presto – Sea of Tranquility – The Web Destination for Progressive Music!". seaoftranquility.org. Archived from the original on March 1, 2019. Retrieved February 28, 2019. Pete Pardo
  22. ^ Heaney, Gregory. "Presto - Rush". Allmusic. Archived from the original on June 10, 2012. Retrieved November 10, 2012.
  23. ^ "Offiziellecharts.de – Rush – Presto" (in German). GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved July 3, 2020.
  24. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – Rush – Presto" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved July 3, 2020.
  25. ^ "Official Albums Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved July 3, 2020.
  26. ^ "Presto Chart History (Billboard 200)". Billboard. Retrieved July 3, 2020.
  27. ^ "Canadian album certifications – Rush – Presto". Music Canada. Retrieved July 3, 2020.
  28. ^ "British album certifications – Rush – Presto". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved July 3, 2020. Select albums in the Format field. Select Silver in the Certification field. Type Presto in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.
  29. ^ "American album certifications – Rush – Presto". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved July 3, 2020. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH.