Presto (browser engine)
|Developer(s)||Opera Software ASA|
2.12.423 / 16 March 2015
|Operating system||Linux (non-free repositories) and Windows|
|Type||Application framework, Browser engine|
Presto was the browser engine of the Opera web browser from the release of Opera 7 on 28 January 2003, until the release of Opera 15 on 2 July 2013, at which time Opera switched to using the Blink engine that was originally created for Chromium. Presto was also used to power the Opera Mini and Opera Mobile browsers.
A succession of ECMAScript engines have been used with Opera. (For the origin of their names, see Cultural notes below). Pre-Presto versions of Opera used the Linear A engine. Opera versions based on the Core fork of Presto, Opera 7.0 through 9.27, used the Linear B engine. The Futhark engine is used in some versions on the Core 2 fork of Presto, namely Opera 9.5 to Opera 10.10. When released it was the fastest engine around, but in 2008 a new generation of ECMAScript engines from Google (V8), Mozilla (SpiderMonkey), and Apple (WebKit) took one more step, introducing native code generation. This opened up for potential heavy computations on the client side and Futhark, though still fast and efficient, was unable to keep up.
In early 2009, Opera introduced the Carakan engine. It featured register-based bytecode, native code generation, automatic object classification, and overall performance improvements. Early access in the Opera 10.50 pre-alpha showed that it is as fast as the fastest competitors, being the winner in 2 out of the 3 most used benchmarks.
History and development
|Presto Version||ECMAScript engine||Browser code name||Opera Browser||Opera Mobile||Other use||New features|
|pre Presto||Linear A||Elektra/unnamed [note 1]||4.0|
|1.0||Linear B||unnamed||7.0||a completely new rendering engine, Favicon support|
|8.5||"Bolton" version: 1st completely free download version (ad-free toolbar)|
|2.0||Merlin||9.0||Internet Channel||Canvas, Acid2 Test: passed, Rich text editing, XSLT, and XPath|
|2.1||Futhark||Kestrel||9.5||9.5||Nintendo DSi Browser||SVG Tiny 1.2, SVG as CSS, SVG as <img>, Audio object|
|2.1.1||9.6||Scope API, SVG as Favicon|
|9.8||Acid3 test: 100/100, pixel-perfect, Web fonts, CSS Selectors API, RGBA & HSLA opacity, TLS 1.2., FPS in SVG, SVG fonts in HTML|
|2.3||Opera Devices SDK 10||CSS3 : border-image, border-radius (rounded corners), box-shadow, transitions; HTML5: <audio> and <video> elements|
|2.4||10||CSS2.1: visibility:collapse; CSS3 : transforms; HTML5: <canvas> shadows, Web Database, Web Storage, window.btoa, and window.atob|
|2.5.24||Carakan||Evenes||10.5||10.1||Opera Mini server||CSS3: multiple backgrounds; HTML5: <canvas> Text|
|2.6.30||10.6||WebM; HTML5: AppCache, Geolocation, Web Workers|
|2.8.131||Barracuda||11.1||11.1||Opera Mini server 4.27||WebP, File API, CSS3 gradients (only for the background and background-image properties): -o-linear-gradient(), -o-repeating-linear-gradient(); Support for <color-stop> added.|
|2.9.168||Swordfish||11.5||Session history management, classList (DOMTokenList)|
|2.9.201||11.50 for Android||ECMAscript strict mode|
|2.10.229||Tunny||11.6||11.6||HTML5 Parser, full support to CSS Gradients, Typed Arrays, CSS unit "rem"|
|2.10.254||Wahoo||12.0||WebGL and hardware acceleration|
|2.11.355||Marlin||12.1 for Android||SPDY, CSS3 Flexbox |
- Elektra was originally the codename of Opera 4.0, but later came to refer more generally to the layout engine used in versions 3.5 through 6.
- Nokia 770 Browser (based on Opera)
- Sony Mylo COM-1's Browser (based on Opera)
- Macromedia Dreamweaver MX to Dreamweaver CS3 (CS4/CS5 use WebKit)
- Adobe Creative Suite 2 and 3
Source code leak
The source code for version 12.15 was leaked to GitHub on February 11, 2016. It remained unnoticed until January 12, 2017 and was taken down two days later in response to a DMCA request. Opera Software has confirmed the authenticity of the source code.
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