Former Officers' Mess, Preston Barracks, Lewes Road, Brighton
|Owner||Brighton and Hove City Council|
|Built for||War Office|
|In use||Not in use|
The barracks were built in the regency style as part of the British response to the threat of the French Revolution and were completed in 1793. The barracks were designed to accommodate artillery and cavalry units and included stables for up to 1,000 horses. The structures included a building originally built as a canteen but which was converted into a military hospital in 1820: it went on to be used as a location for various military meetings, including court-martials, chaired by Lieutenant-Colonel the Earl of Cardigan, who commanded the 11th Light Dragoons at the barracks in the 1840s and who then commanded the light brigade at the Battle of Balaklava during the Crimean War. This structure later became known as the Crimean War Building.
Married quarters were added in the 1850s and a new officers' mess was built in around 1900. The original regency barracks, at the southern end of the site, were largely demolished in 1990 and that part of the site is now occupied by the Pavilion Retail Park.
The northern end of the site was used as a Territorial Army Centre until around 2000; it is now however largely derelict: the Crimean War Building survives and remains in Ministry of Defence ownership for use as an Army Cadet Force Centre. The officers' mess is also still standing but is empty.
- "Preston Barracks Regeneration Scheme". Brighton and Hove City Council.
- "Preston Barracks, Lewes Road". My Brighton & Hove. Retrieved 22 September 2016.
- "Planning Brief: Lewes Road (Preston Barracks and University of Brighton)" (PDF). Brighton and Hove City Council. p. 11. Retrieved 22 September 2016.
- "Supplementary Planning Guidance: Preston Barracks" (PDF). Brighton and Hove City Council. p. 3. Retrieved 22 September 2016.
- "Preston Barracks £150m regeneration scheme unveiled". BBC. 22 April 2016.