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SANDF Pretoria Regiment emblem
|Active||1 July 1913 -|
|Part of||South African Armoured Formation
Army Conventional Reserve
|Garrison/HQ||Magazine Hill, Patriot Street, Salvo KopPretoria|
|Motto(s)||Nulli Secundus ("Second to None")|
|Commanding Officer (1906-1914)||Lt Col Hartley Dales|
|Commanding Officer||Lt Col Cliff van der Westhuizen|
|Armour Squadron emblems|
|Armour beret bar circa 1992|
The Pretoria Regiment is an armoured regiment of the South African Army. As a reserve unit, it has a status roughly equivalent to that of a British Army Reserve or United States Army National Guard unit. The Regiment is stationed in the city after which it was named, Pretoria. It is part of the South African Army Armour Formation.
- 1 History
- 2 Equipment
- 3 Insignia and Honours
- 4 References
The regiment was formed in Pretoria on 1 July 1913 as the 12th Infantry (Pretoria Regiment) - a unit of the Active Citizen Force - by the amalgamation of several units: the Pretoria Company of the Transvaal Scottish, the Central South African Railway Volunteers, the Northern Mounted Rifles and the Pretoria detachment of the Transvaal Cycle and Motor Corps.
World War One
The Regiment landed from the sea and served in German South West Africa at Aus and Tschaukaib in the south. They were part of the advance on Tsumeb in July 1915.
The regiment prevented a force of armed strikers from damaging the Pretoria-Germiston Railway line in May 1922.
In 1928, it was renamed The Pretoria Regiment.
The Royal Colonel
On 24 October 1930 it was once again renamed, to The Pretoria Regiment (Princess Alice's Own) after Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone. The Regiment became fully bilingual with the addition of a 2nd Battalion staffed predominantly by Afrikaners.
World War Two
During World War II, the Regiment was converted to an armoured formation attached to the 11th South African Armoured Brigade, South African 6th Armoured Division. The unit was demobilized after the war, and in 1946 it was re-organised as a part-time force, consisting of two separate regiment-sized formations. These were re-integrated in 1954.
After the establishment of the Republic of South Africa in 1961, the unit was again renamed The Pretoria Regiment by the South African Defence Force. In the 1960s, recruits were trained on Centurion tanks and the new Eland armoured cars.The regiment assisted in the development of the Oliphant MBT.
The regiment was placed under the command of the 8th Armoured Division (South Africa) in this period.
The regiment saw service in the Border War in operations such as Operation Prone.
|Name||Type||Country of Origin||In Service||Notes|
|Ford CMP||Utility truck||Canada||Retired|
|Bedford MK||Utility truck||United Kingdom||Retired|
|SAMIL||Utility truck||South Africa||Yes||SAMIL 20, 50, and 100 variants.|
|Morris C8||Artillery tractor||United Kingdom||Ceremonial|
|Eland||Armoured Car||South Africa||Retired|
|Ferret||Scout Car||United Kingdom||Ceremonial||Mk 2.|
|Marmon-Herrington||Armoured Car||South Africa||Retired||Mk IV.|
|Ratel||Infantry Fighting Vehicle||South Africa||Yes|
|Sherman Firefly||Medium Tank||United Kingdom||Retired|
|Centurion||Main Battle Tank||United Kingdom||Retired|
|Skokiaan||Main Battle Tank||United Kingdom/ South Africa||Retired|
|Semel||Main Battle Tank||United Kingdom/ South Africa||Retired|
|Olifant||Main Battle Tank||United Kingdom/ South Africa||Yes||Mk 1A.|
Insignia and Honours
- Badges: An impala on a mountain representing the Magaliesberg range to north of Pretoria, with in the foreground some succulents. Beneath the impala and the mountain is a ribbon bearing the regiment's motto, Nulli Secundus ("Second to None"). This motto was granted to the regiment by the then Prime Minister Louis Botha after the 1914 - 1915 campaign.
Previous Dress Insignia
A unusual backing appeared on the regiments cap badge around 1945 when it was associated with a British unit, the 24th Guards Brigade, when they were both part of the 6th South African Armoured Division.The two units had fought side by side on the Italian Front and ended their association by celebrating their co operation , the 24th Guards Brigade gave their arm badge as a present to the unit.The two wings are therefore those depicted on the Guards Brigade arm patch.
- The regiment has been allied with The Royal Welsh Fusiliers since 1995 (as it was previously from 1927 to 1961).
- 8th South African Armoured Division
- 81 Armoured Brigade
|World War I||South-West Africa Campaign||1914 - 1915|
|World War II||Battle of Madagascar||1942|
|World War II||Bagnoregio||1944|
|World War II||Sarteano (Trasimene Line)||1944|
|World War II||La Foce||1944|
|World War II||Florence||1944|
|World War II||Gothic Line||1944|
|World War II||Caterelto Ridge||1944|
|World War II||Po Valley (Spring offensive)||1945|
|South African Border War||Battle of Cuito Cuanavale||1988|
During the Second World War, the sole Class 21 2-10-4 Texas type locomotive of the South African Railways (SAR) was often used to haul long and heavy military trains, troop trains and sometimes Italian prisoners-of-war to the military unit and prisoner-of-war camp at Sonderwater near Cullinan. In the process it was made the official mascot of the oldest military unit in Pretoria, the Pretoria Regiment (Princess Alice's Own). The Class 21 was the only SAR locomotive to be honoured in this way by the armed forces.
- Pretoria Regiment
- South African Armour Association
- The Pretoria Regiment: Brig Gen (ret) D. Fourie
- Pretoria Regiment turns 100
- "Pretoria Regiment". 2014-03-02. Archived from the original on March 2, 2014. Retrieved 2015-04-11.
- Soul of A Railway, System 8, Part 2: Pretoria: including local services, workshops and running sheds, Part 2. Captions 2, 3. (Accessed on 18 March 2017)
- The Rayton-Cullinan Railway Line and World War 2, Lieutenant-Colonel J.E. Samuels (SANDF, Ret), Bulletin of the Railway History Group, No. 82, December 2005