Pretzsch, Wittenberg

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Stadtteil of Bad Schmiedeberg
Pretzsch castle.jpg
Coat of arms of Pretzsch
Coat of arms
Pretzsch  is located in Germany
Coordinates: 51°43′N 12°48′E / 51.717°N 12.800°E / 51.717; 12.800Coordinates: 51°43′N 12°48′E / 51.717°N 12.800°E / 51.717; 12.800
Country Germany
State Saxony-Anhalt
District Wittenberg
Town Bad Schmiedeberg
 • Total 20.92 km2 (8.08 sq mi)
Elevation 70 m (230 ft)
Population (2006-12-31)
 • Total 1,603
 • Density 77/km2 (200/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 06909
Dialling codes 034926
Vehicle registration WB

Pretzsch is a small town and a former municipality in Wittenberg district in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. Since 1 July 2009, it is part of the town Bad Schmiedeberg.


Flooded Elbauen

Pretzsch lies in the middle of the Elbauen (natural polders along the Elbe), on the river's west bank which is on the northwest edge of the Düben Heath Nature Park. It is about 20 km southeast of Wittenberg and is the intersection of Federal Highway (Bundesstraße) B 182 between Torgau and Wittenberg, and state road (Landesstraße) L 128 between Bad Schmiedeberg and Jessen.


Pretzsch was first mentioned in 981 in one of Otto II's documents. In the 17th century, August II the Strong's wife Christiane Eberhardine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth lived there and is buried in the town church. In the 1930s, the writer Erwin Strittmatter worked at the local bakery. Until 1815, Pretzsch belonged to Saxony, and from then until the Second World War to the Prussian province of Saxony. As of 1952, when East Germany abolished the Land system, Pretzsch was in the Halle region, until 1990 when the Land system was revived in the former East Germany at German Reunification.

The SS Einsatzgruppen, the perpetrators of the initial phase of the Holocaust that preceded the invention of the more efficient Nazi death camp system, were first assembled at a police academy in Pretzsch in the spring of 1941.


Pretzsch includes the village of Merschwitz.



Friedrich Wieck (born 1785 in Pretzsch - died 6 October 1873 in Loschwitz near Dresden) was a German musician and music teacher.

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