Preures

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Preures
The church of Preures
The church of Preures
Coat of arms of Preures
Coat of arms
Location of Preures
Preures is located in France
Preures
Preures
Preures is located in Hauts-de-France
Preures
Preures
Coordinates: 50°34′21″N 1°52′44″E / 50.5725°N 1.8789°E / 50.5725; 1.8789Coordinates: 50°34′21″N 1°52′44″E / 50.5725°N 1.8789°E / 50.5725; 1.8789
CountryFrance
RegionHauts-de-France
DepartmentPas-de-Calais
ArrondissementMontreuil
CantonLumbres
IntercommunalityCC Haut Pays du Montreuillois
Government
 • MayorChristophe Coffre
Area
1
15.87 km2 (6.13 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
613
 • Density39/km2 (100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
62670 /62650
Elevation61–167 m (200–548 ft)
(avg. 84 m or 276 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Preures is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.

Geography[edit]

Preures is a small village in the Haute-Artois region formed of several hamlets, in a rather hilly relief. It is crossed by the Baillons, a tributary of the Canche river.

Preures lies 10 miles (16 km) northeast of Montreuil-sur-Mer at the junction of the D150 and D148 roads. It is located 26 km south-east of Boulogne-sur-Mer[2], 33 km southwest of Saint-Omer[3], 70 km north-west of Arras[4], and about 200 km north of Paris[5].

History[edit]

The name "Preures" comes from the word prairie.

The presence of Merovingian tombs, discovered in a meadow not far from the center of the village, attests to its antiquity.

From 1930 to 1933, more than 75 tombs were searched: weapons, vases, and jewels abound. The most remarkable discovery was The Horse of Preures, a bronze fibula.

Jean de Preures, a knight, married the 14th century Marie de Mailly, daughter of Gilles, lord of Authuiles; their son, married to Jeanne de Brimeu, was the last of his race. The heiress of the important lordship of Preures married successively: Archambaud de Croÿ who was killed at the Battle of Agincourt in 1415; Jean de Fosseux, chamberlain of the Duke of Burgandy, and finally the lord of Commines. From that time Preures never ceased to belong to the illustrious barons of Thiembronne: its first owners were the Bournel family, then the Rouault-Gamaches; then the then de Brune de Montlauet, and finally Jacques de Bullion, marquis of Farvacques who transmitted the domain to the Gontaut-Biron, Biencourt, and Rohan-Chabot families.

The Confraternity of Charitable, founded in 1627 in the church of Preures, was restored in 1836.

The pilgrimage of Saint Adrien is popular in the region. It is invoked to obtain protection from epidemics; every seven years, the people of Samer go in procession to the church of Preures in order to implore his powerful intercession.

The canons of Boulogne, heirs of the chapter of Thérouanne, whose rights had been confirmed in 1179 by Pope Alexander III, shared a tithe with the prior of Renty and with the owner of the chapel of St. John the Baptist.

The castle was destroyed in 1554 by the Duke of Norfolk after having besieged it.

In 1662, Bertrand Postel, Sieur du Clivet, took the lead of the rebels of Boulonnais in the Lustucru Revolt and dragged them to Hucqueliers where the fortress served as a base for the final denouement. In retaliation, the king's soldiers burned his patrimonial manor. Arrested, du Clivet succumbed to the breaking wheel on August 19, 1662.

In 1820, the hamlet of Séhen tried to fight for its parish independence. For this purpose they had built a chapel, which was subsequently banned in 1885.

Population[edit]

The inhabitants are called Preurois or Preuroises.

Population history
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006
492 514 472 509 426 448
Census count starting from 1962: Population without duplicates

Places of interest[edit]

  • Vestiges of a Merovingian cemetery.
  • The church of St. Martin, dating from the fifteenth century.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ "Distance à vol d'oiseau entre Preures et Boulogne-sur-Mer". www.lion1906.com. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  3. ^ "Distance à vol d'oiseau entre Preures et Saint-Omer". www.lion1906.com. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  4. ^ "Distance à vol d'oiseau entre Preures et Arras". www.lion1906.com. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  5. ^ "Distance à vol d'oiseau entre Preures et Paris". www.lion1906.com. Retrieved 2 August 2013.

External links[edit]