Prichard, Alabama

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Prichard, Alabama
City
Official seal of Prichard, Alabama
Seal
Nickname(s): "The City Of Safety", "The Crossroads of Mobile County"
Location of Prichard in Mobile County, Alabama.
Location of Prichard in Mobile County, Alabama.
Coordinates: 30°44′53″N 88°6′1″W / 30.74806°N 88.10028°W / 30.74806; -88.10028
Country United States
State Alabama
County Mobile
Founded 1925
Government
 • Mayor Jimmy Gardner (D)
Area[1]
 • Total 25.51 sq mi (66.07 km2)
 • Land 25.31 sq mi (65.54 km2)
 • Water 0.20 sq mi (0.53 km2)
Elevation 30 ft (9 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 22,659
 • Estimate (2017)[3] 21,732
 • Density 858.77/sq mi (331.57/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 36610, 36612, 36613
Area code(s) 251
FIPS code 01-62496
GNIS feature ID 0125275
Website http://www.thecityofprichard.org

Prichard is a city in Mobile County, Alabama, United States.

Prichard borders the north side of Mobile, as well as the Mobile suburbs of Chickasaw, Saraland, and the unincorporated sections of Eight Mile. As of the 2010 Census, the population of the city was 22,659. It is a part of the Mobile metropolitan statistical area.

History[edit]

Prichard began as a settlement in the 1830s, bordering Telegraph Road (known now as U.S. Highway 43) It remained largely unsettled until after the American Civil War. The Clotilda, an illegal slave ship, had arrived at Mobile Bay in July 1860 carrying 110 Africans purchased in Ouidah, Kingdom of Dahomey, on behalf of Mobile shipbuilders and merchants. It was towed into the delta north of the city, burned, and sunk to escape capture. The Africans were taken upriver by a steamboat and landed near Magazine Point. They were distributed among the investors in the voyage.[4]

After the war, some 32 of the Africans returned there, developing Africatown as their own community.[4] The Plateau/Magazine area was developed along Telegraph Road. Eventually, Plateau and Magazine had their territory split between Mobile and Prichard. The Africatown Historic District, considered part of Mobile, was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2012.[5]

After 1900, Prichard began a slow, steady development. Major industries related to shipbuilding and paper mills began to develop along the waterfront, and some workers settled in Prichard.

Social tensions were high in the postwar period as veterans returned and struggled to get jobs. The summer of 1919 became known as Red Summer because of the numerous racial riots that took place in industrial cities across the country, including Chicago, Omaha, Baltimore, and Washington, DC.[6] On June 6, 1919, James Lewis was lynched in Prichard.[7]

In 1925, Prichard was incorporated as a city. During World War II, the defense industry and shipbuilding expanded in Mobile, and Prichard became a company town. Many Mobile shipbuilding companies built homes for their workers in Prichard. The 1940s and 1950s saw phenomenal growth in the Mobile area, which accompanied expansion of the defense and shipbuilding industries during and after World War II. During the 1950s and 1960s, Prichard annexed historic Whistler as well as parts of Eight Mile and Kushla.

Mobile, Prichard and Chickasaw all recorded their highest city-proper populations in 1960. In the postwar period, federally subsidized highway construction made commuting from suburbs easier and encouraged suburban housing development across the country, including in the Mobile metropolitan area. Like other cities, Prichard began to see its middle-class residents move out to newer housing, because they could afford to do so. In addition, following the Civil Rights Movement and passage of civil rights laws in the mid-1960s, the state's rigid system of Jim Crow and racial segregation was overturned. Blacks who had previously been restricted to the Bullshead/Neely/Trinity Gardens area of Prichard began moving into downtown, or East Prichard.

These two elements began to result in a population decline in the city. In 1960, Prichard recorded a population of 47,371. By 1970, the population had decreased to 41,000 and by 1990, to approximately 34,000. This was also a period of decline in shipbuilding and related industries and, with the loss of jobs, workers moved elsewhere.

In 1970, Vigor High School on Wilson Avenue, which had been Prichard's white high school during segregation, was 70% white. By 1980, it was 80% black. Although most of Prichard's remaining majority-white areas were in this district, many families had put their students into parochial or private schools.

In 1972, the majority-white city of Prichard elected its first black mayor, Algernon Johnson (A.J.) Cooper. He served two terms as Prichard's mayor. Later he was appointed to the administration of President Bill Clinton. In 1968, Cooper had founded the Black American Law Students Association at New York University, where he earned his law degree. While Mayor Cooper was popular with both blacks and whites, he had numerous confrontations with the Prichard City Council during his tenure.[citation needed]

In 1994, construction of Interstate 165 was completed, and it produced some economic benefits in East Prichard. The 1980s downtown office vacancy rate was near 80%. As of 2000, it was closer to 30%.

But the closing of factories operated by Scott Paper Company and International Paper in the 1980s and 1990s caused a major loss of jobs, greatly adding to the city's problems. It struggled with poverty, unemployment, and associated crime and drug use. The loss of the paper companies and associated jobs devastated the area and the city struggled to recover. In 1999, the city declared bankruptcy.[8]

In 2004, the Prichard Housing Authority began demolition of the Bessemer Avenue Housing Project in Bullshead. In November of that year, Mobile County voters narrowly (500 votes out of 100,000 cast on the issue) defeated a local amendment which would have allowed Prichard to set up a special trade zone. The measure passed by a two-thirds vote in Prichard, and passed by smaller margins in the cities of Mobile and Chickasaw, but was defeated by the rest of Mobile County.

From 2010 to 2012, the city was home to the Restoration Youth Academy, a so-called Christian camp that imposed anti-gay conversion therapy.[9] It closed in 2012 due to unpaid rent.[9][10]

The enterprise reopened in Mobile, as the Saving Youth Foundation and Solid Rock Ministries, and operated until being shut down in 2015. It was closed by officials after investigations of abuse of youths and discovery of appallingly harsh conditions at the camp.[9] The three pastors who ran the place were prosecuted for child abuse; they were convicted and sentenced in February 2017 to 20 years in prison.[11] The case generated national media attention.[12][13]

City government[edit]

The current mayor of Prichard is Jimmy Gardner. Gardner was elected mayor in the 2016 municipal elections, defeating incumbent mayor Troy Ephriam.

The city is served by a five-member city council, which is composed of five districts of equal size. The city council is responsible for establishing the policies of the city of Prichard. The current council president is Earline Martin-Harris. The Prichard City Council meets every Thursday at 4:30 pm in the Council Chambers at Prichard City Hall.

Mayor Jimmy Gardner
Current City Council Membership
District Representative Position
I Lorenzo Martin Councilman
II Severia Campbell-Morris Councilwoman
III Derrick I. Griffin Councilman
IV George E. McCall, jr Councilman
V Ossia Edwards Councilwoman

Geography[edit]

Prichard is located at 30°44′53″N 88°6′1″W / 30.74806°N 88.10028°W / 30.74806; -88.10028 (30.748038, -88.100384).[14]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 25.4 square miles (66 km2), of which 25.3 square miles (66 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (0.31%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19304,580
19406,08432.8%
195019,014212.5%
196047,371149.1%
197041,578−12.2%
198039,541−4.9%
199034,311−13.2%
200028,633−16.5%
201022,659−20.9%
Est. 201721,732[3]−4.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[15]
2013 Estimate[16]

As of the census of 2010, there were 22,659 people, 8,240 households, and 5,659 families residing in the city. The population density was 896.0 people per square mile (346.1/km²). There were 9,891 housing units at an average density of 391.1 per square mile (151.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 85.80% Black or African American, 12.47% White-American, 0.38% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 0.004% Pacific Islander, 0.36% from other races, and 0.90% from two or more races. 0.75% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,240 households out of which 35.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.8% were married couples living together, 33.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.3% were non-families. 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.27.

In the city, the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 11.6% from 18 to 24, 21.6% from 25 to 44, 27.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.8 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $23,894, and the median income for a family was $29,100. Males had a median income of $29,664 versus $21,969 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,137. About 28.7% of families and 33.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 49.5% of those under age 18 and 22.6% of those age 65 or over.

City pensions controversy[edit]

In 2003, the city hired an actuary to analyze and summarize their employees’ pension plan. He warned the city that at the current rate of government spending the plan would run out of money by the summer of 2009.[17] In September of that year, the city's pension fund ran out of money and stopped paying pensions.[18] The city filed for bankruptcy again in October 2009.[19]

In 2010, Councilwoman Earline Martin-Harris suggested dissolving the city and offered an alternative budget which would make all city employees part-time employees. As of April 2011, pensioners had not received their pension checks nor had a budget been passed in eighteen months.

The dispute continued into 2013, as the city did not reach an agreement with soon-to-retire employees. In response to these developments, four of these employees requested that U.S. Bankruptcy Judge William Shulman dismiss the city's bankruptcy.[20]

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

The Mobile County Public School System serves Prichard. Elementary schools in Prichard include Collins-Rhodes Elementary School,[21] Grant Elementary School,[22] Indian Springs Elementary School,[23] Robbins Elementary School,[24] and Whitley Elementary School.[25]

Students are zoned to North Mobile County Middle School.[26]

Vigor High School is in Prichard.[27] Blount High School is in an unincorporated area in Eight Mile, adjacent to Prichard.[28] Faulkner Vocational School, a magnet school, is in Prichard.[29]

The current Collins Rhodes school opened in 2007,[30] replacing Eight Mile Elementary School.[31][32]

Colleges and universities[edit]

The University of Mobile is also located within the city.

Public libraries[edit]

The city operates the Prichard Public Library and the Mitchell Public Library.[33]

Notable people[edit]

Ethel Ayler Actress “The Cosby Show”

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 7, 2018. 
  2. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". 2013 Population Estimate. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. Archived from the original on May 22, 2014. Retrieved June 7, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 24, 2018. 
  4. ^ a b Sylviane A. Diouf, "Africatown", Encyclopedia of Alabama, published 6 December 6, 2007 | Last updated: 14 September 2017
  5. ^ "Weekly List of Actions Taken On Properties: 12/03/12 Through 12/07/12". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Retrieved January 6, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Washingtonpost.com: Washington Century". Washingtonpost.com. Retrieved 24 May 2018. 
  7. ^ "CSDE Lynching Database". Lynching.csde.washington.edu. Retrieved 2017-09-24. 
  8. ^ Schrenk, Jeb (October 6, 1999). "Prichard files for bankruptcy". Mobile Register. pp. 1A. 
  9. ^ a b c Vollers, Anna Claire (June 30, 2016). "Former students share harrowing stories of life inside Alabama's worst religious private school". The Birmingham News. Retrieved March 11, 2017. 
  10. ^ McClendon, Robert (May 28, 2012). "Restoration Youth Academy can stay, but must pay $27,000 in back rent". The Birmingham News. Retrieved March 11, 2017. 
  11. ^ Rhoden, Robert (February 22, 2017). "3 religious school leaders sentenced to 20 years for child abuse: report". The Times-Picayune. Retrieved March 11, 2017. 
  12. ^ Levine, Art (March 2, 2017). "The Harrowing Story of Life Inside Alabama's Most Sadistic Christian Bootcamp". NewsWeek. Retrieved March 11, 2017. 
  13. ^ Levine, Art (March 10, 2017). "Cover-up in Alabama? Newsweek/ ABC 20/20 reports expose abuse, torture of gay youths, troubled teens". Huffington Post. Retrieved March 11, 2017. 
  14. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  15. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved September 19, 2013. 
  16. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Archived from the original on May 22, 2014. Retrieved June 7, 2014. 
  17. ^ "John Stossel - The Money Hole". YouTube. Retrieved 2017-01-24. 
  18. ^ Cooper, Michael; Mary Williams Walsh (December 22, 2010). "Alabama Town's Failed Pension Is a Warning". The New York Times. Retrieved December 23, 2010. 
  19. ^ Ferrara, David (October 28, 2009). "Prichard files for bankruptcy protection again". Mobile Press Register. Archived from the original on November 2, 2009. 
  20. ^ Kirby, Brendan (25 August 2013). "Old problem, new twist: This time pension dispute with current workers threatens Prichard bankruptcy". Press-Register. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  21. ^ Home. Collins-Rhodes Elementary School. Retrieved on October 22, 2010. "5110 St. Stephens Rd Eight Mile, AL 36613"
  22. ^ Home. Grant Elementary School. Retrieved on October 22, 2010. "535 Easterling Street Prichard, AL 36610"
  23. ^ Home. Indian Springs Elementary School. Retrieved on October 22, 2010. "4550 Highpoint Blvd Eight Mile, AL 36613"
  24. ^ Home. Robbins Elementary School. Retrieved on October 22, 2010. "2416 West Main Street Prichard, AL 36610"
  25. ^ Home. Whitley Elementary School. Retrieved on October 22, 2010. "528 Capt Leon C Roberts St Prichard, AL 36610"
  26. ^ "Welcome to North Mobile County Middle School." North Mobile County Middle School. Retrieved on October 22, 2010. "The North Mobile County Middle School serves students living outside the Saraland City Limits and includes students from Satsuma, Creola, Axis, and Prichard. We will be located at the current Lee Intermediate Building and will be located here until a new facility is completed on Salco Road."
  27. ^ Home. Vigor High School. Retrieved on October 22, 2010. "913 N. Wilson Avenue, Prichard, AL 36610"
  28. ^ Home. Blount High School. Retrieved on October 22, 2010. "5450 Lott Rd. Eight Mile, AL 36613."
  29. ^ Home. Faulkner Vocational School. Retrieved on October 22, 2010. "33 Elm Street Prichard, AL 36610."
  30. ^ "About The School." Collins-Rhodes Elementary School. Retrieved on October 22, 2010.
  31. ^ "State Board of Education School Report Card for 1999-2000."
  32. ^ Phillips, Rena Havner. "Video: North Mobile County Middle School opens its doors in Axis." Mobile Press-Register. Tuesday September 7, 2010. Retrieved on October 22, 2010. "North Mobile County Middle School students 6th grader Derrick Boykin, 12, and 7th grader Amanda Daniels, 12, walk down a sidewalk on the first day of classes at the school Tuesday, Sept. 7, 2010. The newly completed $14 million school was built to accommodate students displaced by Saraland's split from the Mobile County system. "
  33. ^ "Prichard Public Library Archived 2010-03-17 at the Wayback Machine.." City of Prichard. Retrieved on October 22, 2010.
  34. ^ "General Jimmie V. Adams". United States Air Force. Retrieved 15 March 2015. 
  35. ^ "All-American Girls Professional Baseball League official website – Delores Brumfield profile". 
  36. ^ Eagle, Bob; LeBlanc, Eric S. (2013). Blues - A Regional Experience. Santa Barbara: Praeger Publishers. p. 320. ISBN 978-0313344237. 
  37. ^ Bill Dahl. "James "Thunderbird" Davis | Biography & History". AllMusic. Retrieved 2016-11-21. 
  38. ^ "Jacoby Glenn". University of Central Florida Athletics. Archived from the original on 24 March 2015. Retrieved 15 March 2015. 
  39. ^ "Lil Greenwood". Ace Records. Retrieved 15 March 2015. 
  40. ^ "Kennedy Winston". ESPN. Retrieved 15 March 2015. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 30°44′53″N 88°06′01″W / 30.748038°N 88.100384°W / 30.748038; -88.100384