Pride (2014 film)
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Matthew Warchus|
|Produced by||David Livingstone|
|Written by||Stephen Beresford|
|Music by||Christopher Nightingale|
|Edited by||Melanie Oliver|
|Box office||$16.7 million|
Pride is a 2014 British LGBT-related historical comedy-drama film written by Stephen Beresford and directed by Matthew Warchus. It was screened as part of the Directors' Fortnight section of the 2014 Cannes Film Festival, where it won the Queer Palm award. Writer Stephen Beresford said a stage musical adaptation involving director Matthew Warchus is being planned.
The film was nominated for the Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy and for the BAFTA for Best British Film, Best Actress in a Supporting Role for Imelda Staunton and for Outstanding Debut by a British Writer, Director or Producer.
Based on a true story, the film depicts a group of lesbian and gay activists who raised money to help families affected by the British miners' strike in 1984, at the outset of what would become the Lesbians and Gays Support the Miners campaign. The alliance was unlike any seen before and was ultimately successful.
Gay activist Mark Ashton watches the news about the miners' strike, before setting off to join the Gay Pride Parade in London. Joe Cooper, a 20-year-old student from Bromley who is exploring his own homosexuality, goes off to watch the Gay Pride Parade, but before he knows it, he is involved with the small group of Gay and Lesbian activists led by Mark. The group plan their protests and actions from Gay's the Word, a bookstore, run by gay couple Gethin and Jonathan. Mark explains that the gay community is not harassed as much by the police the last days, because the police have found a new target: every day, the miners clash with the police violently, and many miners are arrested and beaten up. And just like the gay community, they are treated with hostility from the public and the government, and the subject of a smear campaign by the tabloid newspapers. Mark announces the forming of the "Lesbians and Gays Support the Miners" to help raise money. Many activists however refuse to join because of past experiences with discrimination and aggression from miners against the gay community. The LGSM thus consists of "six gays and a dyke" who start raising money immediately; Joe will be their official photographer. Their actions prove a success.
The National Union of Mineworkers however is reluctant to accept the group's support due to the union's public relations' worries about being openly associated with a gay group. Frustrated by the lack of response, the activists instead decide to take their donations directly to a mining village. Gethin explains most mining villages are in Wales, so with a map in hand they pick a random village. They call the community center in Onllwyn, a small mining village in Wales, and to their excitement, the support group there accepts the donation of the LGSM. Dai Donovan, spokesperson for the miners in Onllwyn, comes to London to meet their new allies, only to discover that "L" does not stand for London and LGSM is a gay and lesbian group. He admits he has never met gay people before, to which Mark responds that he has never met a miner before. Dai quickly realizes the importance of an alliance between the two communities. When announced to give a speech to thank the gay community for their support, the gay and lesbian crowd is at first sceptical and even hostile. However, with his eloquent speech he wins the hearts and minds of the crowd.
In Onllwyn, Siân James is starting as a volunteer at the community center. She overhears the Women's Support Group debating whether to invite LGSM to their village. Despite her husband Martin urging her not to stand out too much on her first day, she speaks out to invite the LGSM, which leads to her becoming a member of the Women's Support Group. It is soon clear that some are unwilling to let the gays come over. The anti-gay sentiments are centered around Maureen Barry, who vehemently opposes the gay and lesbian support from the start, inciting her two sons to protest against them coming to Onllwyn. When the LGSM arrive in Onllwyn, they are met by a silent and hostile crowd; Marks' clumsy speech worsens the situation (at one point he says that "when one in five people is gay, so is one in five miners, so at least one in five of you is happy to see us", which leads to villagers walking out immediately). The next day, the LGSM is taken on a sightseeing tour around the countryside by Siân and Cliff Barry. In the distance, they see police cars, which means the miners are again arrested, a form of harassment by the police against the miners. Jonathan explains to Siân that the police are acting unlawfully, and that they cannot arrest the miners without evidence. Siân barges into the police office to demand the miners, among other her husband, be released immediately. Back in the community center, the miners are celebrating their release. When explained that they owe their quick release to the gays and lesbians, most miners now regard the LGSM as allies. That evening in the community center, the gays and lesbians in turn see the sense of community among the villagers, letting go of their own prejudice about the miners. Spontaneously, Mark announces that the LGSM will organize something spectacular to collect even more money and make the government meet the demands of the miners, although he has no idea as yet.
Maureen Barry, bitter about the miners and support groups embracing the gays and lesbians, contacts a tabloid about the LGSM. The next day, the miners from Onllwyn are greeted by police and fellow miners with cat calls and comments, and read the front page article. The National Union of Miners urges the Onllwyn support group to sever ties with the LGSM. A meeting will be arranged on whether the support of the LGSM should be accepted or not. Mark and the group see their chance: being called 'perverts' in the tabloid, they decide to adopt the term for themselves, and instead use it for the grand idea. A music festival, with the title "Perverts and Pits", will be organized in the Electric Ballroom in Camden Town. At first no record label is willing to have their artists play at their festival (at one office, after being told that "the label does not have gay artists", Mark writes the phone number of the Gay and Lesbian Support Hotline under the pictures of two artists, "in case someone might need it in the future"; the pictures feature prominent gay artists Elton John and Soft Cell). In the end, Bronski Beat announces it will perform at the festival. Members of the Men's and Women's Support Groups from Onllwyn and other villagers that are interested are coming over to London. The festival is a huge success. Afterwards, the villagers are taken on a tour along the bars and discos of London, which results in the villagers and the gays and lesbians becoming even closer friends.
The next day they hurry back to be in time for the meeting. Upon arrival, they discover the meeting was rescheduled to 12:00 PM instead of 3:00 PM, resulting in the decision to sever ties with the LGSM. Cliff and Martin, lacking the eloquence of Dai, were not able to stand up to the others, let alone have the meeting cancelled. Siân and the other women confront Maureen, who tells that the LGSM is only supporting them to push forward their own agenda on gay rights. Siân then empties the bag of money on the table, showing the thousands of pounds raised at the festival. Disillusioned, the LGSM and villagers part and go home. From the money, the Women's Support Group buy a new red van to transport the miners to the protest rallies. The red van has prominently displayed on the side that it was donated by the LGSM.
In March 1985, the Miners' Strike is over. The miners of Onllwyn gather to go back into the mines. Joe visits the village to see them go off to work. He sees Mark, who has alienated himself from the LGSM in fear of being infected with HIV. Mark confronts Joe about him hiding his activism and homosexuality towards his parents. When Siân drives Joe home in the red van, his family has just gathered to celebrate the birthday of his nephew. Joe's mother panics upon seeing the van and demands Siân move it from their property. Joe confronts his parents and leaves them, finally choosing for himself.
At the 1985 Gay Pride Parade, the LGSM and the Lesbians Against Pit Closures are asked to walk in the back of the line with the other fringe groups, because the organisers want to keep out any political signs. The LGSM is disappointed at first, until the red van arrives, with several of the villagers, to show their support in turn. The organisers of the parade announce that they will now have to walk in front of the parade because they are with too many people: hundreds of miners, led by the National Union of Mineworkers, arrive to show their solidarity. In the closing scenes, the comment says that the miners led the Gay Pride Parade. In 1986, the Labour Party incorporated rights for gays and lesbians in their party programme, due to pressure from the National Union of Mineworkers.
While the film focuses primarily on LGSM, there are several smaller plot threads:
- One is devoted to the women-only splinter group Lesbians Against Pit Closures.
- The growing awareness about HIV and AIDS is another thread, with Mark being confronted with an ex-lover being infected and dying, whilst he himself distancing himself from the others because he suspects he is infected as well. Jonathan explains later to Siân that he is the second person diagnosed with HIV in the UK and the impact HIV and AIDS have on the gay community.
- Joe's growing involvement in the activist group and his coming out, resulting in him leaving home and breaking ties with his parents and family.
- The inequality in age of consent, exemplified by Joe.
- Gwen, the elderly woman who becomes good friends with the lesbian members of LGSM.
- Siân becoming more aware of her own talents, and realizing with the help of Jonathan that she can be more than just a mother and housewife.
- Gethin reconciling with his Welsh background and his mother, who he has not seen in 16 years because she could not accept his homosexuality.
- Hostility towards the gay community: Gay's the Word is targeted by vandalism several times, Maureen and her sons oppose the acceptance of the LGSM by the Support Group, and Gethin is beaten up and taken into hospital.
- Ben Schnetzer as Mark Ashton, founder of LGSM
- Joe Gilgun as Michael (Mike) Jackson
- Faye Marsay as Stephanie (Steph) Chambers
- Dominic West as Jonathan Blake
- Andrew Scott as Gethin Roberts
- Freddie Fox as Jeff Cole
- Chris Overton as Reggie Blennerhassett
- Joshua Hill as Ray Aller
- George MacKay as Joe "Bromley" Cooper, a fictional LGSM member
Women's Support Group members
- Imelda Staunton as Hefina Headon, an activist
- Jessica Gunning as Siân James, wife of Martin
- Liz White as Margaret Donovan, wife of Dai
- Nia Gwynne as Gail Pritchard, wife of Alan
- Menna Trussler as Gwen, an elderly member, and widow of William, who was a miner
- Lisa Palfrey as Maureen Barry, a widow and sister-in-law of Cliff who is against LGSM support
- Bill Nighy as Cliff Barry, a leader of the men's union who eventually comes out as gay
- Paddy Considine as David (Dai) Donovan, a leader of the men's union
- Rhodri Meilir as Martin James, a leader of the men's union
- Sophie Evans as Debbie Thomas
- Karina Fernandez as Stella, an LGSM member who broke off to form an all-female group Lesbians Against Pit Closures
- Jessie Cave as Zoe, Stella's girlfriend
- Monica Dolan as Marion Cooper, Bromley's mother
- Matthew Flynn as Tony Cooper, Bromley's father
- Olwen Medi as Gethin's mother, who initially disowned him for being gay
- Kyle Rees as Carl Evans, a miner who asks Jonathan for dancing lessons
- Jack Baggs as Gary, Carl's friend who also asks for dance lessons
- Jams Thomas as the Miners Union Leader
- Deddie Davies as The Old Lady at Bingo
- Russell Tovey as Tim, friend of Mark's
Pride premiered at the 2014 Cannes Film Festival, where it received a standing ovation and won the Queer Palm award. The film was also screened at the 2014 Toronto International Film Festival, with the Washington Post reporting that Pride was "hugely popular with preview and festival audiences". It was released to cinemas throughout the UK on 12 September 2014. In France the film received its release on 17 September. The distribution of the film in the UK and France was handled by Pathé. CBS Films acquired the distribution rights for the film in the United States.
In the UK the film received a 15 certificate by the British Board of Film Classification for "occasional strong language" and two scenes of a sexual nature, one scene in a gay club where men are depicted "wearing 'bondage' clothing", and a comedic scene where some of the characters discover a pornographic magazine in a bedroom.
The MPAA gave the film an R rating, the nearest US equivalent to the UK's 15 certificate. This reflects common practice; the British Film Institute states that "most" 15 certificate films are R-rated in the US.
The Independent published an article calling the MPAA's rating "draconian", alleging that the R rating's higher age restriction ("no unaccompanied under-17s") was specifically applied due to gay content. The Independent's article formed the basis for a Guardian article which further compounded the issue by mistakenly stating that the MPAA had given the film an NC-17 rating. This error was corrected a few days later.
In January 2015, it was reported that the cover of the US DVD release of the film makes no mention of the gay content. A standard description of "a London-based group of gay and lesbian activists" was reduced to "a group of London-based activists", and a lesbian and gay banner was removed from a photograph on the back cover.
In its opening weekend Pride took £718,778 at the UK box office. The film was the third highest-grossing release of the weekend, behind Lucy in second place and The Boxtrolls, which debuted at the top of the box office. During its second weekend at the UK box office Pride retained its third-place position on the charts, with takings of £578,794. The Guardian reported that the film had a drop of just 12% in takings during its second weekend at the box office, as well as a strong weekday performance at the box office, commenting: "After a somewhat shaky start, Matthew Warchus' film is displaying signs of solid traction with audiences." In its third weekend at the UK box office, Pride dropped to sixth in the charts with takings of £400,247 over the weekend period. By its fourth weekend Pride had dropped to tenth place in the box office, with takings of £248,654 and an overall UK gross totalling £3,265,317.
In the US, Pride grossed $84,800 from six theatres in its opening weekend. The film expanded slowly, adding theatres in existing markets for its second weekend followed by release in additional cities from 10 October.
Pride has been met with critical acclaim. The review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reports that 92% of critics surveyed have given the film a positive review; based on a sample of 127 reviews, with an average score of 7.6 out of 10. The site's consensus reads: "Earnest without being didactic and uplifting without stooping to sentimentality, Pride is a joyous crowd-pleaser that genuinely works." Metacritic gave the film an aggregate score of 79/100 based on 36 reviews, indicating "generally favorable reviews."
Geoffrey Macnab, of The Independent, noted how Pride followed on from other British films such as The Full Monty, Brassed Off and Billy Elliot as "a story set in a Britain whose industrial base is being shattered". Macnab, who gave the film a five-star review, praised the screenplay for combining "broad comedy with subtle observation" and noted that director Matthew Warchus "relishes visual contrasts and jarring juxtapositions" throughout the film. Macnab's review stated that Pride retained its humour and accessibility without trivialising the issues addressed in the film.
Peter Bradshaw, reviewing for The Guardian, described the film as "impassioned and lovable". Bradshaw praised performances of the cast, including Bill Nighy's "taciturn shyness" in his portrayal as Cliff and the "dignified and intelligent performance" from Paddy Considine as Dai. Imelda Staunton's performance as Hefina Headon, who died in October 2013, was met with positive reviews by critics. Geoffrey Macnab said Staunton's performance as the matriarchal Hefina was "part Mother Courage and part Hilda Ogden". Ben Schnetzer's performance as Mark Ashton drew positive reviews. Charlotte O'Sullivan, writing for the London Evening Standard, said: "Schnetzer is a New Yorker with an unpromising CV (he was one of the few good things about The Book Thief) and he's fantastic here".
Paul Byrnes in The Sydney Morning Herald described the film as "dry, surprising, compassionate, politically savvy, emotionally rewarding and stacked to the gills with great actors doing solid work".
Nigel Andrews, writing for the Financial Times, gave the film one star out of five, describing it as "a parade of tricks, tropes and tritenesses, designed to keep its balance for two hours atop a political correctness unicycle". Andrews's review read, "Nothing in modern history is more amazing than the cultural rebranding of the UK miners’ strike as a heroic crusade, rather than a Luddite last stand for (inter alia) union demagoguery, greenhouse gas and emphysema." A letter to the Financial Times in response to Andrews argued that the film underlined Arthur Scargill's "intransigence" during the strike.
|Award||Date of ceremony||Category||Recipients and nominees||Result|
|Cannes Film Festival||25 May 2014||Queer Palm||Pride||Won|
|Flanders International Film Festival Ghent 2014||27 October 2014||Audience award "Port of Ghent"||Pride||Won|
|Leiden International Film Festival 2014||10 November 2014||Audience Award||Pride||Won|
|British Independent Film Awards||7 December 2014||Best British Independent Film||Pride||Won|
|Best Director||Matthew Warchus||Nominated|
|Best Screenplay||Stephen Beresford||Nominated|
|Best Supporting Actress||Imelda Staunton||Won|
|Best Supporting Actor||Andrew Scott||Won|
|Best Supporting Actor||Ben Schnetzer||Nominated|
|Most Promising Newcomer||Ben Schnetzer||Nominated|
|Golden Globe Awards||11 January 2015||Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy||Pride||Nominated|
|London Film Critics Circle Awards||18 January 2015||British Film of the Year||Pride||Nominated|
|Dorian Awards 2014||20 January 2015||LGBTQ Film of the Year||Pride||Won|
|Unsung Film of the Year||Pride||Won|
|Film of the Year||Pride||Nominated|
|Artios Awards||22 January 2015||Outstanding Achievement in Casting - Feature Film Studio or Independent Comedy||Fiona Weir||Nominated|
|British Academy Film Awards||8 February 2015||Best British Film||Pride||Nominated|
|Best Actress in a Supporting Role||Imelda Staunton||Nominated|
|Outstanding Debut by a British Writer, Director or Producer||Stephen Beresford and David Livingstone||Won|
|GLAAD Media Awards||21 March 2015||Outstanding Film - Wide Release||Pride||Nominated|
|Irish Film & Television Awards||24 May 2015||Actor in a Supporting Role in a Feature Film||Andrew Scott||Nominated|
|David di Donatello||12 June 2015||Best European Film||Pride||Nominated|
Music From and Inspired by The Motion Picture
|Soundtrack album by Various artists|
|Released||15 September 2014|
|1.||"I Want to Break Free"||Queen||4:23|
|2.||"Shame, Shame, Shame"||Shirley & Company||3:47|
|4.||"Love & Pride"||King||3:21|
|5.||"Relax"||Frankie Goes to Hollywood||3:57|
|6.||"Tainted Love"||Soft Cell||2:37|
|7.||"West End Girls"||Pet Shop Boys||4:01|
|8.||"Karma Chameleon"||Culture Club||4:02|
|9.||"Pull Up to the Bumper"||Grace Jones||4:42|
|10.||"You Spin Me Round"||Dead or Alive||3:19|
|12.||"I Second That Emotion"||Smokey Robinson||2:42|
|13.||"Walls Come Tumbling Down"||The Style Council||3:23|
|15.||"Love Will Tear Us Apart"||Joy Division||3:21|
|16.||"Pale Shelter"||Tears for Fears||4:27|
|17.||"Making Plans For Nigel"||XTC||4:12|
|18.||"Our Lips Are Sealed"||Fun Boy Three||2:53|
|19.||"There Is Power in a Union"||Billy Bragg||2:49|
|20.||"Solidarity Forever"||Pete Seeger||2:51|
|21.||"Across the Great Divide"||Frank Solivan||3:54|
|1.||"Two Tribes"||Frankie Goes to Hollywood||3:24|
|2.||"Blue Monday"||New Order||4:04|
|3.||"For a Friend"||The Communards||4:36|
|4.||"All of My Heart"||ABC||4:49|
|5.||"Do Ya Wanna Funk"||Sylvester||3:29|
|6.||"Red Red Wine"||UB40||3:00|
|7.||"Genius of Love"||Tom Tom Club||3:28|
|9.||"Hard Times"||The Human League||4:54|
|10.||"I Travel"||Simple Minds||4:03|
|11.||"A New England"||Kirsty MacColl||3:48|
|12.||"Waiting for the Love Boat"||Associates||4:26|
|14.||"Living on the Ceiling"||Blancmange||4:03|
|15.||"Robert De Niro's Waiting..."||Bananarama||3:41|
|16.||"Keep On Keepin' On!"||The Redskins||3:52|
|17.||"Are You Ready to Be Heartbroken"||Lloyd Cole and the Commotions||3:05|
|18.||"Across the Bridge"||Christopher Nightingale||1:40|
|19.||"Autumn Montage"||Christopher Nightingale||1:25|
|21.||"Bread and Roses"||Bronwen Lewis||1:55|
- Pride at the British Board of Film Classification
- Pride at Box Office Mojo
- Goodfellow, Melanie (22 April 2014). "Cannes Directors' Fortnight 2014 lineup unveiled". Screendaily. Screen International.
- "British film talent gathers for Cannes send-off". BFI. 9 May 2014.
- "Festival de Cannes: la "Queer Palm" décernée à "Pride" du Britannique Matthew Warchus". Le Soir (in French). 23 May 2014.
- Mitford, Oliver (9 October 2014). "Blockbuster British film Pride could become a stage musical". Best of Theatre.
- Knegt, Peter (22 April 2014). "Here's The First Image From Matthew Marchus's 'Pride,' Which Will Close Directors' Fortnight at Cannes". Indiewire.
- Roddick, Nick (27 May 2014). "Pride - Cannes Film Festival - film review". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
- Hornaday, Ann (12 September 2014). "Gay activists and miners on strike: an unlikely pair in film festival favorite 'Pride'". Washington Post. Retrieved 3 October 2014.
- Calhoun, Dave (9 September 2014). "Pride". Time Out. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
- "Pride - film 2014". AlloCiné (in French). Retrieved 8 October 2014.
- "Pride shoot date set". BBC. 5 September 2013. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
- Vlessing, Etan (7 September 2014). "Toronto: Bill Nighy Blasts Margaret Thatcher for Bashing Gays, Trade Unions". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
- Jones, Stephanie. ""Pride" Opens in NY, LA, and SF September 26". PCM World News. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
- "Movie Release Dates - September 2014". FilmJabber. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
- Burrell, Ian (30 September 2014). "Pride: Are US film censors pandering to homophobia?". The Independent. Independent Print Limited. Retrieved 3 October 2014.
- Brooke, Michael. "The US Ratings System". BFI Screenonline. Retrieved 15 January 2015.
- Child, Ben (2 October 2014). "US censors accused of homophobia over restrictive Pride rating". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 3 October 2014.
- BBC News: Gay banner removed from Pride DVD cover in US, 5 January 2015
- Fletcher, Harry (16 September 2014). "The Boxtrolls knocks Sex Tape off UK box office top spot". Digital Spy. digitalspy.com. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
- Reynolds, Simon (23 September 2014). "The Boxtrolls spends second weekend at top of UK box office". Digital Spy. digitalspy.com. Retrieved 23 September 2014.
- Gant, Charles (23 September 2014). "Could The Riot Club be too posh to push at the UK box office". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
- Gant, Charles (30 September 2014). "Billy Elliot Live skips past The Equalizer to top UK box office". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
- Gant, Charles (7 October 2014). "Gone Girl finds gold and Dracula Untold sucks bucks at the UK box office". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 7 October 2014.
- Brooks, Brian (28 September 2014). "'Skeleton Twins' Robust In Specialty Box-Office Expansion; 'Pride' Solid In Debut". Deadline. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
- Pride (2014) at Rotten Tomatoes
- Pride at Metacritic
- Macnab, Geoffrey (12 September 2014). "Pride, film review: Two tribes and plenty of nostalgia in this feelgood hit". The Independent. Independent Print Limited. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
- Bradshaw, Peter (11 September 2014). "Pride review – when gay activists struck a deal with miners". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
- Moses-Lloyd, Rachel (17 October 2013). "Screen star Imelda Staunton to immortalise miners' supporter, Hefina Headon, in film about strike". South Wales Evening Post. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
- O'Sullivan, Charlotte (12 September 2014). "Pride - film review: 'Bill Nighy and Imelda Staunton escape national treasure status to show us something new'". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
- Byrnes, Paul (29 October 2014). "Pride review: Gays add flair in feel-good miners-strike flick". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 8 December 2014.
- Andrews, Nigel (11 September 2014). "Pride - film review: Schmaltz and piety abound as gay rights activists join forces with striking miners". Financial Times.
- "‘Pride’ underlines how intransigent Scargill was". Financial Times. 3 October 2014.
- "'Pride' wint publieksprijs Film Fest Gent". Het Laatste Nieuws (in Dutch). 27 October 2014.
- Frequin, Vincent (10 November 2014). "Recordaantal bezoekers voor Leiden International Film Festival". Dichtbij.nl (in Dutch).
- Barraclough, Leo (7 December 2014). "Matthew Warchus’ ‘Pride’ Wins Top Prize at British Independent Film Awards". Variety.
- "2015 Golden Globe Awards: Winners List". CNN. 11 January 2015. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
- "Gay and Lesbian Entertainment Critics Name Boyhood Film of the Year". GALECA. 20 January 2015.
- "2015 Artios Awards". Casting Society of America.
- "Bafta Film Awards 2015: Winners". BBC News. Retrieved 8 February 2015.
- Sisk, Emma (13 September 2014). "How Welsh singing starlet Bronwen Lewis turned rejection on The Voice into big screen Pride". WalesOnline.