Reformed Priests Protection Society
The Reformed Priests Protection Society was a charity founded in 1844 to support former Roman Catholic priests who converted to the Church of Ireland. It was also known as the Priests' Protection Society for Ireland or the Reformed Romanist Priests' Protection Society. The Society had four objects:
- to "protect Priests of good character, who conscientiously abandon the Church of Rome for the pure faith of the Gospel" and to find positions for them in parishes or as missionaries
- to "afford protection and education" to men who abandon studying for the Roman Catholic priesthood "in consequence of the influence of divine truth"
- to promote "Scriptural and anti-popish instruction" through sermons and pamphlets
- to "reform Romish Priests" worldwide
The Society's first secretary was Rev. Thomas Scott, and its first patron was Robert Jocelyn, 3rd Earl of Roden, a leading evangelical within the Second Reformation of Anglicanism, who said that the Society helped "unfortunate men [who] would be persecuted by the Church they left, and suspected by that which they joined". Its foundation on 5 May 1844 was marked by a service in St. Audoen's Church of Ireland church in which "the Rev. Solomon Frost renounced Popery". Scott was curate of St. Audoen's parish from 1831 to 1848, and maintained a parish register instigated by Mortimer O'Sullivan in 1827 listing such conversion services. In the three years after Frost, Scott recorded the conversion at St. Audoen's of four more priests, a monk, and two seminarians.
The Society's tracts were published by the "Religious Book and Tract Depository for Ireland", which shared its office and library on Sackville Street (now O'Connell Street) in Dublin. It was critical of the Catholic Church's ethos and practice, and hostile to St Patrick's College, Maynooth, the seminary of the Irish Roman Catholic hierachy. It opposed the Maynooth Grant and other government policies conciliatory to Roman Catholicism in Ireland. The society nominated several former Maynooth students to give evidence to the 1853–1855 Royal Commission into the college. Among these were Denis Leyne Brasbie and W. J. Burke, who had converted prior to the society's formation and became early beneficiaries and advocates of its work. In 1844 proselytism around Dingle by the Irish Society for Promoting the Education of the Native Irish through the Medium of Their Own Language worried Bishop Cornelius Egan, who sent Brasbie as curate to bolster the ministry of Keelmelchedar (Kilmalkedar) parish. When Brasbie himself publicly converted, there was public unrest which made him fear for his safety, and he remained notorious in the local folk memory.
Although Michael John Brenan was said by the Catholic Encyclopedia to have been supported by the Priests' Protection Society in the interval from his conversion to his recantation, in fact this was in 1809, decades before the Society's foundation. The priest and polemicist Hugh Quigley later wrote of mid-century proselytism:
- His Grace (Richard Whately, the Church of Ireland Archbishop of Dublin) wrote and spoke attacks on Rome, converts, clergy; [Whately's daughter] Miss Jane issued appeals on behalf of the apostate priests of Europe who made Dublin their Mecca, and received woollens and wives from the Society over which she presided-The (Apostate) Priests' Protection Society.
The Society is mentioned in James Joyce's novel Ulysses, in one of the "hallucinations" in the "Circe" episode, when Dr Dixon says that "Professor Bloom is a finished example of the new womanly man. ... He has written a really beautiful letter, a poem in itself, to the court missionary of the Reformed Priests Protection Society". This reflects a stereotypical association by Irish nationalists during the Gaelic revival of West Britonism with effeminacy; It may also allude to the New York Society for the Suppression of Vice, which had funded a 1921 obscenity suit against The Little Review for publishing draft excerpts from Ulysses.
- Ryder, Roderick (1846). "Advertisement for the Priests' Protection Society for Ireland". Murder and the murderer reconciled!!! A letter to dr. Cantwell [occasioned by a letter purporting to be written by the latter and-Savage concerning B. Seery]. Roman Catholic REligion. 2. Dublin. p. 15. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
- Reformed Romanist Priests' Protection Society 1854, title page
- Reformed Romanist Priests' Protection Society 1854, p.5
- Reformed Romanist Priests' Protection Society 1854, p.3
- "Maynooth College (Ireland) Bill". Hansard. 2 June 1845. Ser 3 vol 80 cc1187–1188. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
- Hood, Susan (December 2016). "'A list of Persons who renounced the errors of Romanism in St Audoen’s Church [Dublin] and who afterwards subscribed the roll of converts', 1827–47.". Archive of the Month. Church of Ireland. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
- Maynooth Commission 1855, Vol.1 p.22
- "Roman Catholic College of Maynooth". American Protestant Magazine. 1 (1): 9–18 : 10. 1845.
- Maynooth Commission 1855: Vol.1 p.22, Vol.2 pp. 309–310 (Brasbie) 312–333 (Burke)
- Breathnach, Diarmuid; Ní Mhurchú, Máire. "BRASBIE, Denis (1810– c.1880)". ainm.ie (in Irish). Cló Iar-Chonnacht. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
- O'Donoghue, David James (1913). "Michael John Brenan". Catholic Encyclopedia. 2.
- Quoted in Gibbons, M. (October 1926). "Margaret Aylward (1810-1889.) Foundress of the Sisters of the Holy Faith". The Irish Monthly. Irish Jesuit Province. 54 (640): 541–548 : 544. JSTOR 20517996.
- Joyce, James. "Chapter 15". Ulysses. Project Gutenberg. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
- Choi, Seokmoo (2000). "Joyce's Subversion of Imperialism's Sexual Politics". The Harp. Japan: International Association for the Study of Irish Literatures. 15: 99–111 : 102. JSTOR 20533421.
- Weir, David (Spring–Summer 2000). "What Did He Know, and When Did He Know It: The "Little Review," Joyce, and "Ulysses"". James Joyce Quarterly. University of Tulsa. 37 (3/4 : Joyce and the Law): 389–412 : 402. JSTOR 25477749.
- "List of bodies who have been granted Charitable Tax Exemption @ 18 September 2017 under Section 207, Taxes Consolidation Act, 1997" (PDF). Dublin, Ireland: Revenue Commissioners. No. 2286. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
Reformed Priests Protection Society. c/o Irish Church Missions, 28 Bachelor's Walk, Dublin 1
- Maynooth Commission (1855). Report of the Commissioners appointed to Inquire into the Management and Government of Maynooth College. Alexander Thom for HMSO. Part I (Report and Appendix) Part II (Minutes of Evidence and Answers to Paper K, etc.)
- Reformed Romanist Priests' Protection Society (1854). Seventh Report; for the years 1852 and 1853. Dublin: printed by George Drought. Retrieved 29 September 2017.