Primatomorpha

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Primatomorphs
Temporal range: PaleoceneHolocene, 65–0Ma
Olive Baboon, Papio anubis
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Grandorder: Euarchonta
Mirorder: Primatomorpha
Orders

The Primatomorpha are a mirorder of mammals containing two orders: the Dermoptera or colugos and the Primates (Plesiadapiformes, Tarsiiformes, Simiiformes).

The term "Primatomorpha" first appeared in the general scientific literature in 1991 (K.C. Beard) and 1992 (Kalandadze, Rautian). Major DNA sequence analyses of predominantly nuclear sequences (Murphy et al., 2001) support the Euarchonta hypothesis, while a major study investigating mitochondrial sequences supports a different tree topology (Arnason et al., 2002). A study investigating retrotransposon presence/absence data has claimed strong support for Euarchonta (Kriegs et al., 2007). Some interpretations of the molecular data link Primates and Dermoptera in a clade (mirorder) known as Primatomorpha, which is the sister of Scandentia. Primates probably split from the Dermoptera sister group 79.6 million years ago during the Cretaceous.

Other interpretations link the Dermoptera and Scandentia together in a group called Sundatheria as the sister group of the primates.[1][2]

Euarchontoglires 
 Glires 

 Rodentia



 Lagomorpha



 Euarchonta 

 Scandentia


Primatomorpha

 Dermoptera


 Primates 
 Strepsirrhini 

 (lemuroids and lorisoids)


 Haplorrhini 

 Tarsiiformes



 Simiiformes (platyrrhini and catarrhini)







References[edit]

  1. ^ O'Leary, Maureen A.; Bloch, Jonathan I.; Flynn, John J.; Gaudin, Timothy J.; Giallombardo, Andres; Giannini, Norberto P.; Goldberg, Suzann L.; Kraatz, Brian P.; Luo, Zhe-Xi; Meng, Jin; Novacek, Michael J.; Perini, Fernando A.; Randall, Zachary S.; Rougier, Guillermo; Sargis, Eric J.; Silcox, Mary T.; Simmons, Nancy b.; Spaulding, Micelle; Velazco, Paul M.; Weksler, Marcelo; Wible, John r.; Cirranello, Andrea L. (8 February 2013). "The Placental Mammal Ancestor and the Post–K-Pg Radiation of Placentals". Science 339 (6120): 662–667. Bibcode:2013Sci...339..662O. doi:10.1126/science.1229237. PMID 23393258. Retrieved 9 February 2013. 
  2. ^ Wilford, John Noble (7 February 2013). "Rat-Size Ancestor Said to Link Man and Beast". New York Times. Retrieved 9 February 2013. 
  • Beard, K.C. (1991). "Vertical postures and climbing in the morphotype of Primatomorpha: Implications for locomotor evolution in primate history". Origine(s) de la Bipedie chez les Hominides. Cahiers de Paleoanthropologie. Paris: Editions du CNRS. pp. 79–87. OCLC 636661230. 
  • Janecka JE, Miller W, Pringle TH, et al. (November 2007). "Molecular and genomic data identify the closest living relative of primates". Science 318 (5851): 792–4. Bibcode:2007Sci...318..792J. doi:10.1126/science.1147555. PMID 17975064. 
  • Goodman, M., Czelusniak, J., Page, S., Meireles, C.M. (2001). "Where DNA Sequences Place Homo sapiens in a Phylogenetic Classification of Primates". In Tobias, P.V., Raath, M.A.Moggi-Cecchi, J., Doyle, G.A. Humanity from African naissance to coming millennia : colloquia in human biology and paleoanthropology. Firenze: Firenze University Press. ISBN 88-8453-003-2. 

External links[edit]