Primatomorpha

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Primatomorpha
Temporal range: Late CretaceousHolocene, 66–0 Ma[1][2]
Colugo (Galeopterus variegatus, adult female), Central Catchment Area, Singapore - 20060618.jpg
Primates - some families.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Magnorder: Boreoeutheria
Superorder: Euarchontoglires
Grandorder: Euarchonta
Mirorder: Primatomorpha
Beard, 1991[3]
Orders

The Primatomorpha are a mirorder of mammals containing two extant orders: the Dermoptera or colugos and the Primates (Plesiadapiformes, Strepsirrhini, Haplorhini).

The term "Primatomorpha" first appeared in the general scientific literature in 1991 (K.C. Beard) and 1992 (Kalandadze, Rautian). Major DNA sequence analyses of predominantly nuclear sequences (Murphy et al., 2001) support the Euarchonta hypothesis, while a major study investigating mitochondrial sequences supports a different tree topology (Arnason et al., 2002). A study investigating retrotransposon presence/absence data has claimed strong support for Euarchonta (Kriegs et al., 2007). Some interpretations of the molecular data link Primates and Dermoptera in a clade (mirorder) known as Primatomorpha, which is the sister of Scandentia. Primates probably split from the Dermoptera sister group 79.6 million years ago during the Cretaceous.[5][2]

Other interpretations link the Dermoptera and Scandentia together in a group called Sundatheria as the sister group of the primates.[6][7] Some recent studies place Scandentia as sister of the Glires, invalidating Euarchonta.[8][9]

Euarchontoglires 
 Glires 

 RodentiaRuskea rotta.png

 LagomorphaLepus timidus - 1700-1880 - Print - Iconographia Zoologica -(white background).jpg

Euarchonta

 ScandentiaDie Säugthiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur, mit Beschreibungen (Plate 34) (white background).jpg

Primatomorpha

 DermopteraCynocephalus volans Brehm1883 (white background).jpg

 Primates 
 Strepsirrhini 

lemuroidsFMIB 46849 Primates Maki Moccoe Lemur catta (white background).jpeg

lorisoidsNycticebus (white background).jpg

 Haplorrhini 

 TarsiiformesSäugethiere vom Celebes- und Philippinen-Archipel (Taf. III) (white background) (1).jpg

Simiiformes

PlatyrrhiniDie Säugthiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur, mit Beschreibungen (Plate 8) (white background).jpg

CatarrhiniCynocephalus doguera - 1700-1880 - Print - Iconographia Zoologica - Special Collections University of Amsterdam - (white background).tiff

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Primatomorpha". Paleobiology Database.
  2. ^ a b Zhang ML, Li ML, Ayoola AO, Murphy RW, Wu DD, Shao Y (November 2019). "Conserved sequences identify the closest living relatives of primates". Zoological Research. 40 (6): 532–540. doi:10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2019.057. PMC 6822925. PMID 31393097.
  3. ^ Collectif (1991). Coppens Y, Senut B (eds.). Origine(s) de la bipédie chez les hominidés. CNRS Éditions (réédition numérique FeniXX). ISBN 978-2-271-10666-7.
  4. ^ Wilson Mantilla, G. P.; Chester, S. G. B.; Clemens, W. A.; Moore, J. R.; Sprain, C. J.; Hovatter, B. T.; Mitchell, W. S.; Mans, W. W.; Mundil, R.; Renne, P. R. (2021). "Earliest Palaeocene purgatoriids and the initial radiation of stem primates". Royal Society Open Science. 8 (2): rsos.210050, 210050. Bibcode:2021RSOS....810050W. doi:10.1098/rsos.210050. PMC 8074693. PMID 33972886.
  5. ^ Esselstyn JA, Oliveros CH, Swanson MT, Faircloth BC (September 2017). "Investigating Difficult Nodes in the Placental Mammal Tree with Expanded Taxon Sampling and Thousands of Ultraconserved Elements". Genome Biology and Evolution. 9 (9): 2308–2321. doi:10.1093/gbe/evx168. PMC 5604124. PMID 28934378.
  6. ^ O'Leary MA, Bloch JI, Flynn JJ, Gaudin TJ, Giallombardo A, Giannini NP, et al. (February 2013). "The placental mammal ancestor and the post-K-Pg radiation of placentals". Science. 339 (6120): 662–7. Bibcode:2013Sci...339..662O. doi:10.1126/science.1229237. hdl:11336/7302. PMID 23393258. S2CID 206544776.
  7. ^ Wilford JN (7 February 2013). "Rat-Size Ancestor Said to Link Man and Beast". New York Times. Retrieved 9 February 2013.
  8. ^ Meredith RW, Janečka JE, Gatesy J, Ryder OA, Fisher CA, Teeling EC, et al. (October 2011). "Impacts of the Cretaceous Terrestrial Revolution and KPg extinction on mammal diversification". Science. 334 (6055): 521–4. Bibcode:2011Sci...334..521M. doi:10.1126/science.1211028. PMID 21940861. S2CID 38120449.
  9. ^ Zhou X, Sun F, Xu S, Yang G, Li M (March 2015). "The position of tree shrews in the mammalian tree: Comparing multi-gene analyses with phylogenomic results leaves monophyly of Euarchonta doubtful". Integrative Zoology. 10 (2): 186–98. doi:10.1111/1749-4877.12116. PMID 25311886.

Further reading[edit]