Primavera De Filippi

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Primavera De Filippi
Profile photo of Primavera De Filippi
NationalityFrench / Italian
Alma materBocconi University, Queen Mary University of London, European University Institute
Known forBlockchain and the Law
AwardsTriple Canopy, ERC Grant
Scientific career
FieldsBlockchain, Commons, Peer-to-peer, Copyright Law
InstitutionsCNRS, Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society (Harvard University)
Doctoral advisorGiovanni Sartor

Primavera De Filippi is a French legal scholar, Internet activist and artist, whose work focuses on the blockchain, peer production communities and copyright law. She is permanent researcher at the CNRS[1] and Faculty Associate at the Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University.[2] She is author of the book Blockchain and the Law published by Harvard University Press.[3] As an activist, she is part of Creative Commons, the Open Knowledge Foundation and the P2P Foundation, among others.


Her interdisciplinary background is grounded in a wide range of academic studies. She holds an undergrad and Masters studies in Economics and Management (Bocconi University, Milan), a Masters in Intellectual Property (Queen Mary University of London), and a PhD in law (European University Institute, Florence).[4]

In her PhD thesis, she explored the legal challenges of copyright law in the digital environment, with special attention to the mechanisms of private ordering (e.g. Digital Rights Management systems, Creative Commons licenses).[5]


During her PhD (2006–2010)[5] at the European University Institute, she was visiting scholar in both the University of Buffalo (New York) working with Barry Smith, and the University of California at Berkeley working with Molly Shaffer Van Houweling.[2]

In 2010,[6] she joined the Centre for Administrative Science Research (CERSA) at CNRS and Universite de Paris II,[6] working with Danièle Bourcier. She has been affiliated with the center since then, first as postdoctoral researcher, and since 2017 as a permanent researcher.[7]

In 2013, she became a fellow of the Berkman Center for Internet and Society (Harvard University), and during two years[8] she researched there the concept of "governance by design" and its relation with cloud computing and peer-to-peer technologies.[9] In 2015, she was promoted to the role of faculty associate at the center,[10] which she holds nowadays.[11]

She has held status of visiting researcher in several institutions: in 2014, in the Institute for Technology & Society of Rio de Janeiro,[12] and in 2017 in both the WZB Berlin Social Science Center[13] and the European University Institute.[14] She was also one of the leading researchers in P2Pvalue, the leading European project on Commons-based peer production,[15][16][17] and is part of the editorial board of several journals, including: Digital Finance (Springer),[18] Frontiers in Human Dynamics[19] and the Journal of Open Hardware[20]

In 2019, she received an ERC grant with the project "BlockchainGov" to research blockchain governance.[21][22]

Activism and art[edit]


Beyond her academic work, De Filippi has engaged in several activist and practitioner activities promoting the expansion of openness, democratic governance, peer-to-peer, or blockchain. In 2010, she joined the Open Knowledge Foundation as the coordinator of the public domain working group, through which she actively contributed to the making of the Public Domain Calculators.[23] In 2012, she co-established the French chapter of the Open Knowledge Foundation.[24] Since 2011, she is co-founder of the International Communia Association for the promotion and the preservation of the digital public domain,[25] and legal expert for Creative Commons France.[26] Since 2016, she joined the advisory board of the P2P Foundation.[27] In the frame of the Internet Governance Forum, she has co-founded the dynamic coalitions on platform responsibility,[28] network neutrality[29] and blockchain technology.[30]

Art and journalism[edit]

De Filippi has been also a reputed artist, combining several forms of art with concepts around free culture and blockchain.[31] Her latest and most popular works revolve around the plantoid, a "blockchain-based life form".[32][33] She has also written Op'Eds in mainstream media such as Harvard Business Review,[34] Wired[35][36] or Vice's Motherboard.[37]


She has published more than 70 papers in the topics of blockchain, commons, cloud computing, peer-to-peer technologies and copyright law.[38] Her works on the interactions of blockchain and law are regarded as substantially relevant in the young field of blockchain. In fact, her book Blockchain and the Law[39] (Harvard University Press) was considered "an important new book" and a "deeply-researched book that can be expected to show up on law school syllabi for years to come" by Fortune, and was valued as a critical lens in The New York Times Book Review.[40] Her research in blockchain is often considered a reference on the field by popular media, such as Forbes,[41] Al Jazeera,[42] Le Point,[43] or France 24.[44] She is also one of the 25 leading figures on the Information and Democracy Commission launched by Reporters Without Borders.[45]

Scientific and social recognitions[edit]

Selected works[edit]

  • De Filippi, P., Wright, A. (2018) Blockchain and the Law: The Rule of Code. Harvard University Press
  • Davidson, S., De Filippi, P., & Potts, J. (2018). Blockchains and the economic institutions of capitalism. Journal of Institutional Economics, 14(4), 639–658.
  • De Filippi, P. & Loveluck, B. (2016). The invisible politics of Bitcoin: governance crisis of a decentralized infrastructure. Internet Policy Review, Vol. 5, Issue 4.
  • De Filippi, P. & Hassan, S. (2016). Blockchain Technology as a Regulatory Technology: From Code is Law to Law is Code. First Monday, Vol. 21, Number 12.
  • De Filippi, P., (2016). The interplay between decentralization and privacy: the case of blockchain technologies, Journal of Peer Production, Issue n.7
  • De Filippi, P. (2014). Bitcoin: a regulatory nightmare to a libertarian dream. Internet Policy Review, 3(2).

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "DE FILIPPI Primavera - CERSA". (in French). Archived from the original on 2018-06-05. Retrieved 2018-06-10.
  2. ^ a b "Primavera De Filippi | Berkman Klein Center". Retrieved 2018-06-10.
  3. ^ "Blockchain and the Law — Primavera De Filippi, Aaron Wright | Harvard University Press". Retrieved 2018-06-10.
  4. ^ "Episode #216: Blockchain and the Law with Primavera De Filippi". Retrieved 2019-05-11.
  5. ^ a b Primavera, DE FILIPPI (2011). Copyright in the digital environment : ontologies of copyright and digital works (Thesis).
  6. ^ a b "Newsletter (Lettre d'Information) CERSA #7" (PDF). Lettre d'Information CERSA. No. 7. Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches de Sciences Administratives et Politiques (CERSA), CNRS. January 2011. p. 11. Retrieved July 21, 2018.
  7. ^ admin. "DE FILIPPI Primavera | CERSA" (in French). Archived from the original on 2019-05-01. Retrieved 2019-05-11.
  8. ^ "Berkman Center Announces 2014-2015 Community". Berkman Klein Center. 30 July 2015. Retrieved 2018-07-21.
  9. ^ "Berkman Center Announces 2013-2014 Community". Berkman Klein Center. 30 July 2015. Retrieved 2018-07-21.
  10. ^ "Berkman Center Announces 2015-2016 Community". Berkman Klein Center. 19 October 2015. Retrieved 2018-07-21.
  11. ^ "Berkman Klein Center Announces 2018-2019 Community". Berkman Klein Center. 20 July 2018. Retrieved 2018-07-21.
  12. ^ ITS Rio. Annual Report (Relatório Anual) 2016 (PDF). Rio de Janeiro: Instituto de Tecnologia & Sociedade do Rio. 2016. p. 24.
  13. ^ "Dr. Primavera De Filippi | WZB". Retrieved 2018-07-21.
  14. ^ "Fellows - Academic Year 2017/18". European University Institute. Retrieved 2018-07-21.
  15. ^ "P2Pvalue: Collaborative Production Online | Activities". CCCB. Retrieved 2019-05-11.
  16. ^ "¿Es posible la organización colectiva? | Periódico Diagonal". Retrieved 2019-05-11.
  17. ^ "Il "capitale sociale" nell'era della conoscenza condivisa". FPA (in Italian). 2015-10-12. Retrieved 2019-05-11.
  18. ^ "Editors". Digital Finance. Retrieved 2019-05-11.
  19. ^ "Editorial Board". Frontiers In Human Dynamics.
  20. ^ "Editorial Team". Journal of Open Hardware.
  21. ^ "The CNRS and the ERC". The CNRS and the ERC (in French). Retrieved 2019-12-23.
  22. ^ "ERC Consolidator 2019: la France en 3e position, le CNRS premier organisme européen | CNRS". Retrieved 2019-12-23.
  23. ^ "New microshort film on the Public Domain Calculators!". Open Knowledge International Blog. 2010-10-12. Retrieved 2018-07-22.
  24. ^ "Announcing: the Open Knowledge Foundation in France". Open Knowledge International Blog. 2012-11-22. Retrieved 2018-07-22.
  25. ^ "Members - International Communia Association". International Communia Association. Retrieved 2018-07-22.
  26. ^ "France - Creative Commons". Retrieved 2018-07-22.
  27. ^ "The P2PF Network - P2P Foundation". P2P Foundation. Retrieved 2018-07-22.
  28. ^ "A New Dynamic Coalition on Platform Responsibility within the IGF". MediaLaws - Law and Policy of the Media in a Comparative Perspective -. 2014-06-11. Retrieved 2018-07-22.
  29. ^ "Home". Network Neutrality Coalition (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved 2018-07-22.
  30. ^ "COALA". Retrieved 2018-07-22.
  31. ^ "Okhaos Creations: Open source art & mechanical algorithms". Retrieved 2019-05-11.
  32. ^ "Plantoids: Blockchain-based life forms". Archived from the original on 2018-06-07. Retrieved 2019-05-11.
  33. ^ ArtDependence. "ArtDependence | Primavera De Filippi: "As an artist, I try to challenge the current state of the world..."". Retrieved 2019-05-11.
  34. ^ Filippi, Primavera De (2017-03-15). "What Blockchain Means for the Sharing Economy". Harvard Business Review. ISSN 0017-8012. Retrieved 2019-05-11.
  35. ^ Filippi, Primavera De (2014-03-08). "Tomorrow's Apps Will Come From Brilliant (And Risky) Bitcoin Code". Wired. ISSN 1059-1028. Retrieved 2019-05-11.
  36. ^ Filippi, Primavera De (2016-03-01). "We Must Regulate Bitcoin. Problem Is, We Don't Understand It". Wired. ISSN 1059-1028. Retrieved 2019-05-11.
  37. ^ Filippi, Primavera De (2016-07-11). "A $50M Hack Tests the Values of Communities Run by Code". Vice. Retrieved 2019-05-11.
  38. ^ "Primavera De Filippi - Google Scholar Citations". Retrieved 2019-05-11.
  39. ^ "Blockchain and the Law — Primavera De Filippi, Aaron Wright | Harvard University Press". Retrieved 2019-05-11.
  40. ^ Ryerson, James (2019-02-15). "Is Blockchain Technology Overhyped?". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-05-11.
  41. ^ Mustatea, Kat. "Meet Plantoid: Blockchain Art With A Life Of Its Own". Forbes. Retrieved 2019-05-11.
  42. ^ "Code your own utopia: Meet Ethereum, bitcoin's most ambitious successor". Retrieved 2019-05-11.
  43. ^ Grallet, Héloïse Pons, Guillaume (2019-05-11). "Mais, au fait, c'est quoi, la blockchain, exactement ?". Le Point (in French). Retrieved 2019-05-11.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  44. ^ ""Pour rester décentralisée, la blockchain a besoin d'une gouvernance", prévient la chercheuse Primavera De Filippi". France 24 (in French). 2018-07-01. Retrieved 2019-05-11.
  45. ^ "Primavera de Filippi | Reporters without borders". 9 September 2018.
  46. ^ "Primavera de Filippi". Fortune. 2018-07-23. Retrieved 2019-05-11.
  47. ^ "Primavera De Filippi". World Economic Forum. Retrieved 2019-05-11.
  48. ^ "Primavera De Filippi". TEDxCambridge. Retrieved 2019-05-11.
  49. ^ "Submissions". Triple Canopy. Retrieved 2019-05-11.

External links[edit]