Prime Minister of Albania
|Prime Minister of Albania|
|Kryeministri i Shqipërisë|
|Style||His Excellency (diplomatic)|
|Member of||Council of Ministers|
|Formation||29 November 1912|
|First holder||Ismail Qemali|
The Prime Minister of Albania (Albanian: Kryeministri i Shqipërisë), officially styled Prime Minister of the Republic of Albania (Albanian: Kryeministri i Republikës së Shqipërisë), is the head of government of the Republic of Albania and the most powerful and influential person in Albanian politics. The prime minister holds the executive power of the nation and represents the Council of Ministers and chairs its meetings.
The prime minister is appointed by the president of Albania after each general election and must have the confidence of the Parliament of Albania to stay in office. The Council is responsible for carrying out both foreign and domestic policies. It directs and controls the activities of the ministries and other state organs. The prime minister is elected on the basis of universal suffrage, through a secret ballot, for a four-year term. The Constitution of Albania sets no limit as to office terms of the prime minister.
Powers, duties and responsibilities
One important role of the president is to designate a candidate for the office of prime minister who, in the opinion of the president, is best able to command a majority of the members of the Parliament. As head of government, the prime minister is charged with directing the internal policy of the country and leads the public administration. In this regard, the government cooperates with other interested social actors. If the prime minister is temporarily absent or incapable of exercising its executive power, the deputy prime minister takes over his functions, such as chairing the cabinet and the council of ministers.
The Constitution states that the prime minister represents the council of ministers and chairs its meetings, outlines and presents the principal general policies of the state and is responsible for them, assures the implementation of legislation and policies approved by the Council of Ministers, coordinates and supervises the work of the members of the Council of Ministers and other institutions of the central state administration, performs other duties contemplated in the Constitution and laws, resolves disagreements among ministers, and issues orders in the exercise of his powers. The prime minister can also initiate a proceeding of the Constitutional Court of Albania.
Before assuming duty, the prime minister-elect is required to take an oath of office before the President, swearing loyalty to the Constitution. The text of the oath in its Albanian form is sensitive to gender and all nouns always retain a neutral form. The prime minister-elect takes the following oath of office, specified by the Constitution:
Albanian: Betohem se do t’i bindem Kushtetutës dhe ligjeve të vendit, do të respektoj të drejtat dhe liritë e shtetasve, do të mbroj pavarësinë e Republikës së Shqipërisë dhe do t’i shërbej interesit të përgjithshëm dhe përparimit të Popullit Shqiptar. The President may add: Zoti më ndihmoftë!
I swear that I will obey to the Constitution and laws of the country, that I will respect the rights and freedoms of citizens, protect the independence of the Republic of Albania, and I will serve the general interest and the progress of the Albanian People. The President may add: So help me God!
Office and residence
The Prime Minister's Office (Albanian: Kryeministria) is the official office and residence of the prime minister. It provides secretarial assistance to the prime minister. The prime minister through his office coordinates with all ministers in the central union cabinet, minister of independent charges and governors and ministers of state government. Furthermore informal meetings between the prime minister and other government or foreign officials takes place in the Office. It also consists of the immediate staff of the prime minister of Albania, as well as multiple levels of support staff reporting to the prime minister. Since 1941, the building serves as the office and residence of the prime minister. The building is in the capital city of Tirana at the Dëshmorët e Kombit Boulevard, near the Mother Teresa Square.
The building was planned by the Italian architects Florestano Di Fausto and Gherardo Bosio, and constructed together with the Dëshmorët e Kombit Boulevard, the Mother Teresa Square and all the buildings located on these squares, during the Italian occupation of Albania in 1939 to 1941, in a Rationalist style.
List of prime ministers (1912–present)
|No.||Portrait||Name||Term in office||Government|
|4 December 1912||22 January 1914||Provisional Government|
|1 year, 1 month and 18 days|
|International Control Commission|
(22 January 1914 – 7 March 1914)
|Principality of Albania (1914–1925)|
|2nd||Turhan Pasha Përmeti
|14 March 1914||3 September 1914||Përmeti Governments (I and II)|
|5 months and 20 days|
|5 October 1914||27 January 1916||Toptani Government|
|1 year, 3 months and 22 days|
(23 January 1916 – 30 October 1918)
|—||Turhan Pasha Përmeti
|25 December 1918||29 January 1920||Përmeti III Government|
|1 year, 1 month and 4 days|
|30 January 1920||14 November 1920||Delvina Government|
|9 months and 15 days|
|15 November 1920||16 October 1921||Vrioni Governments (I and II)|
|11 months and 1 day|
|16 October 1921||6 December 1921||Evangjeli I Government|
|1 month and 20 days|
Acting Prime Minister
|6 December 1921||6 December 1921||Koculi Government|
|7 December 1921||12 December 1921||Prishtina Government|
Acting Prime Minister
|12 December 1921||24 December 1921||Kosturi Government|
|24 December 1921||2 December 1922||Ypi Government|
|11 months and 8 days|
|2 December 1922||25 February 1924||Zogu I Government|
|1 year, 2 months and 23 days|
|3 March 1924||27 May 1924||Vërlaci Government|
|2 months and 24 days|
|30 May 1924||10 June 1924||Vrioni III Government|
|16 June 1924||24 December 1924||Noli Government|
|6 months and 8 days|
|6 January 1925||31 January 1925||Zogu II Government|
|8 months and 17 days|
|During the period of the Republic, the role of the prime minister was exersised by the Minister of Justice.|
(1 February 1925 – 1 September 1928)
|Albanian Kingdom (1928–1939)|
|5 September 1928||5 March 1930||Kotta I Government|
|1 year and 6 months|
|6 March 1930||16 October 1935||Evangjeli Governments (II, III and IV)|
|5 years, 7 months and 10 days|
|21 October 1935||7 November 1936||Frashëri Government|
|1 year and 17 days|
|9 November 1936||7 April 1939||Kotta II Government|
|2 years, 4 months and 29 days|
|Interim Administrative Committee|
(8 April 1939 – 12 April 1939)
|Italian Occupation (1939–1943)|
|12 April 1939||3 December 1941||Vërlaci II Government|
|2 years, 7 months and 21 days|
|3 December 1941||4 January 1943||Merlika-Kruja Government|
|1 year, 1 month and 1 day|
|18 January 1943||11 February 1943||Libohova I Government|
|12 February 1943||28 April 1943||Bushati Government|
|2 months and 16 days|
|11 May 1943||12 September 1943||Libohova II Government|
|4 months and 1 day|
|German Occupation (1943–1944)|
|Interim Executive Committee|
(14 September 1943 – 4 November 1943)
|5 November 1943||16 June 1944||Mitrovica Government|
|7 months and 11 days|
|18 July 1944||28 August 1944||Dine Government|
|1 month and 10 days|
|6 September 1944||25 October 1944||Biçaku Government|
|1 month and 19 days|
|People's Socialist Republic of Albania (1944–1991)|
|23 October 1944||19 July 1954||Hoxha Governments (I, II and III)|
|9 years, 8 months and 26 days|
|20 July 1954||26 April 1980||Shehu Governments (I, II, III, IV, V, VI and VII)|
|27 years, 4 months and 28 days|
|15 January 1982||21 February 1991||Çarçani Governments (I, II and III)|
|9 years, 1 month and 6 days|
|Republic of Albania (1991–present)|
|22 February 1991||4 June 1991||Nano Governments (I and II)|
|3 months and 13 days|
|11 June 1991||6 December 1991||Bufi Government|
|5 months and 25 days|
|18 December 1991||13 April 1992||Ahmeti Government|
|3 months and 26 days|
|13 April 1992||1 March 1997||Meksi Governments (I and II)|
|4 years, 10 months and 16 days|
|11 March 1997||24 July 1997||Fino Government|
|4 months and 13 days|
|25 July 1997||28 September 1998||Nano III Government|
|1 year, 2 months and 3 days|
|2 October 1998||25 October 1999||Majko I Government|
|1 year and 23 days|
|28 October 1999||29 January 2002||Meta Governments (I and II)|
|2 years, 3 months and 1 day|
|22 February 2002||25 July 2002||Majko II Government|
|5 months and 3 days|
|29 July 2002||10 September 2005||Nano IV Government|
|3 years, 1 month and 12 days|
|10 September 2005||13 September 2013||Berisha Governments (I and II)|
|8 years and 3 days|
|13 September 2013||Incumbent||Rama Governments (I, II and III)|
|8 years, 2 months and 18 days|
- "1998 CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF ALBANIA". osce.org. p. 19.
At the beginning of a legislature, as well as when the position of Prime Minister is vacant, the President of the Republic appoints the Prime Minister on the proposal of the party or coalition of parties that has the majority of seats in the Assembly.
- "1998 CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF ALBANIA". osce.org. p. 20.
represents the Council of Ministers and chairs its meetings;
- Article 102, Section 1-3 of the Constitution of Albania (22 November 1998)
- Article 134, Section 1(b) of the Constitution of Albania (22 November 1998)
- "1998 CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF ALBANIA". osce.org. p. 19.
Before taking office, the Prime Minister, the deputy prime minister, and the ministers take an oath before the President of the Republic.
- "KUSHTETUTA E REPUBLIKËS SË SHQIPËRISË" (PDF). wipo.int (in Albanian).
Betohem se do t'i bindem Kushtetutes dhe ligjeve te vendit, do te respektoj te drejtat dhe lirite e shtetasve, do te mbroj pavaresine e Republikes se Shqiperise dhe do t'i sherbej interesit te pergjithshem dhe perparimit te Popullit Shqiptar". Presidenti mund te shtoje edhe: "zoti me ndihmofte
- Dervishi, Kastriot (2012). Kryeministrat dhe ministrat e shtetit shqiptar në 100 vjet. Tiranë: Shtëpia Botuese "55". p. 273. ISBN 978-9994356225. OCLC 861296248.
- Pearson, Owen (2005). Albania in Occupation and War: From Fascism to Communism, 1940-1945. London: The Centre for Albanian Studies. p. 1982. ISBN 1-84511-014-5.