Prime Minister of Azerbaijan

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Prime Minister of
the Republic of Azerbaijan
Emblem of Azerbaijan.svg
Novruz İsmayıl oğlu Məmmədov.jpg
Incumbent
Novruz Mammadov

since 21 April 2018
AppointerPresident of Azerbaijan
Inaugural holderHasan Hasanov
Formation7 February 1991
Emblem of Azerbaijan.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Azerbaijan
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The Prime Minister of Azerbaijan is the head of government of Azerbaijan. The current prime minister is Novruz Mammadov.

Due to the central role of the President in the political system, the activities of the executive branch (including the Prime Minister) are significantly influenced by the head of state (for example, it is the President who appoints and dismisses the Prime Minister and other members of the Government; the President may chair the meetings of the cabinet and give obligatory orders to the Prime Minister and other members of the Government, the President may also revoke any act of the Government).

Historical background[edit]

In the era of the Soviet Union, the head of government was the Chairman of Council of People's Commissars (until 1946) and the Chairman of the Council of Ministers (after 1946). People who held those positions are sometimes referred to as the prime ministers. They may have also been referred to as Premier of Ministers, or simply premier.

Succession of the presidency[edit]

The Prime Minister is the third-highest constitutional office in Azerbaijan. In the event of the President's death, resignation or impeachment, the Prime Minister is second in the line of succession, after the First Vice-President. Until September 2016, when the office of First Vice-President was created, the Prime Minister was first in line.

List of Heads of Government of Azerbaijan (1918–present)[edit]

Colour key
(for political parties)

Azerbaijan Democratic Republic (1918–1920)[edit]

Prime Ministers
No. Prime Minister Term of office Political party Government Elected Ref
Portrait Name Took Office Left Office Days
1 Khoysky.jpeg Fatali Khan Khoyski
Azerbaijani: Fətəli-xan Xoyski
(1875–1920)
28 May 1918 14 April 1919 321 Independent 1. Rasulzade I 1918 [1]
Won the Battle of Baku; removed the Centrocaspian Dictatorship from power in Baku; established a multi-party system; established of postal system of Azerbaijan; founded Azerbaijani manat; established Azerbaijani language in all schools and colleges.
2 Nesib bey Yusifbeyli (Mucadile. Birinci Hisse. Istiqlalin Beshiyi (2006)).JPG Nasib Yusifbeyli
Azerbaijani: Nəsib Yusifbəyli
(1881–1920)
28 May 1919 30 March 1920 307 Musavat 2. Topchubashov I 1919 [2]
Established diplomatic ties between Azerbaijan Democratic Republic and Western world.
M.H.Hajinski.jpg Mammad Hasan Hajinski (acting)
Azerbaijani: Məmməd Hacınski
(1875–1931)
30 March 1920 28 April 1920 29 Musavat 1920 [2]
Failed to slow down the advance of 11th Red Army on Azerbaijan Democratic Republic.

Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic (1922–1936) and Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic (1936–1991)[edit]

Chairmen of the Council of People's Commissars
No. Chairman Term of office Political party Government Elected Ref
Portrait Name Took Office Left Office Days
1 Portrait photo of Nariman Narimanov taken in 1913.jpg Nariman Narimanov
Azerbaijani: Nəriman Nərimanov
(1870–1925)
28 April 1920 6 May 1922 738 Communist
(Bolsheviks)
1. Hüseynov I [3]
Tried to promote anticolonial program leading to native rule than to a means for the dominance of an industrial proletariat, which refused by Kremlin.
2 Azerbaijani students in Kyiv, 1913.jpg Gazanfar Musabekov
Azerbaijani: Qəzənfər Musabəyov
(1888–1938)
6 May 1922 14 March 1930 2869 Communist 2. Kirov I [4]
During the Great Purge, he was arrested, accused of plotting against the Soviet state, sentenced to death and executed.
3 Dadash Buniyadzade.jpg
Dadash Bunyadzade
Azerbaijani: Dadaş Bünyadzadə
(1888–1938)
14 March 1930 23 October 1932 954 Communist 3. Polonski I
During the Great Purge, he was arrested, accused of plotting against the Soviet state, sentenced to death and executed.
4 Makharadze, Mir-Jafar Bagirov, Beria.jpg Mir Jafar Baghirov
Azerbaijani: Mir Cəfər Bağırov
(1896–1956)
23 October 1932 12 December 1933 415 Communist 4. Polonski I [5]
Followed Stalin's orders without question; Purged Azerbaijani intelligentsia, communist leaders who had sympathized with the opposition or who might have once leaned toward Pan-Turkism.
5 Huseyn Rahmanov
Azerbaijani: Hüseyn Rəhmanov
(1902–1937)
12 December 1933 22 August 1937 1349 Communist 5. Bağırov I [6]
During the Great Purge, he was arrested, accused of plotting against the Soviet state, sentenced to death and executed.
6 Teymur Guliyev
Azerbaijani: Teymur Quliyev
(1888–1965)
13 November 1937 28 March 1946 3057 Communist 6. Bağırov I [7]
Followed Mir Jafar Baghirov's orders without question; Purged Azerbaijani intelligentsia, communist leaders who had sympathized with the opposition or who might have once leaned toward Pan-Turkism.
Dadash Buniyadzade.jpg
Chairmen of the Council of Ministers
No. Chairman Term of office Political party Government Elected Ref
Portrait Name Took Office Left Office Days
1 Teymur Guliyev
Azerbaijani: Teymur Quliyev
(1888–1965)
28 March 1946 6 April 1953 2566 Communist 1. Bağırov I [8]
2 Makharadze, Mir-Jafar Bagirov, Beria.jpg Mir Jafar Baghirov
Azerbaijani: Mir Cəfər Bağırov
(1896–1956)
6 April 1953 20 July 1953 105 Communist 2. Yaqubov I [8]
Followed Stalin's orders without question; Purged Azerbaijani intelligentsia, communist leaders who had sympathized with the opposition or who might have once leaned toward Pan-Turkism.
3 Teymur Guliyev
Azerbaijani: Teymur Quliyev
(1888–1965)
20 July 1953 1 March 1954 224 Communist 3. Yaqubov I [8]
Expelled from Communist Party of Azerbaijan for gross violations of social legitimacy and actively promoting crimes of Mir Jafar Baghirov.
4 Sadig Rahimov
Azerbaijani: Sadıq Rəhimov
(1914–1975)
1 March 1954 8 July 1958 1590 Communist 4. Mustafayev I [9]
Restored Azerbaijani language as the official language of the Azerbaijan SSR.
5 Vali Akhundov
Azerbaijani: Vəli Axundov
(1916–1986)
8 July 1958 10 July 1959 1828 Communist 5. Mustafayev I [10]
6 Mammad Isgandarov
Azerbaijani: Məmməd İsgəndərov
(1915–1985)
10 July 1959 29 December 1961 903 Communist 6. Axundov I [8]
7 Anvar Alikhanov
Azerbaijani: Ənvər Əlixanov
(1917–1992)
29 December 1961 10 April 1970 3024 Communist 7. Axundov I [8]
8 Ali Ibrahimov
Azerbaijani: Əli İbrahimov
(1913–1985)
10 April 1970 22 January 1981 3920 Communist 8. H.Əliyev I [8]
Temporarily improved economic conditions and promoted alternative industries to the declining oil industry.
9 Hasan Sayidov
Azerbaijani: Həsən Seyidov
(1932–2004)
22 January 1981 27 January 1989 2927 Communist 9. H.Əliyev I [8]
10 Ayaz Mutalibov 1992.jpg Ayaz Mutallibov
Azerbaijani: Ayaz Mütəllibov
(1938–)
27 January 1989 26 January 1990 364 Communist 10. Vəzirov I [11]
Black January.
11 Złożenie listów uwierzytelniających przez ambasadora Azerbejdżanu (1).jpg Hasan Hasanov
Azerbaijani: Həsən Həsənov
(1940–)
26 January 1990 7 February 1991 377 Communist 11. Mütəllibov I [12]

Republic of Azerbaijan (1991–present)[edit]

Prime Ministers
No. Prime Minister Term of office Political party Government Elected Ref
Portrait Name Took Office Left Office Days
1 Złożenie listów uwierzytelniających przez ambasadora Azerbejdżanu (1).jpg Hasan Hasanov
Azerbaijani: Həsən Həsənov
(1940–)
7 February 1991 4 April 1992 421 Independent 1. Mütəllibov I [13]
Made a deal with the Popular Front of Azerbaijan inviting them to form a coalition within the newly established government.
Firuz Mustafayev
Azerbaijani: Firuz Mustafayev
(1933–2018)
4 April 1992 14 May 1992 40 Independent [14]
Acting Prime Minister.
2 Rahim Huseynov
Azerbaijani: Rəhim Hüseynov
(1936–)
14 May 1992 30 January 1993 261 Independent 1. Mütəllibov I [15]
During his term in office, Gross national product fell by 20%.
Ali Masimov
Azerbaijani: Əli Məsimov
(1953–)
5 February 1993 28 April 1993 82 Azerbaijani Popular Front Party 1. Elçibəy I [16]
Acting Prime Minister. Authored the Azerbaijan Economic Progress Program and Main policies of Cabinet of Ministers program; Laid the foundation of Azerbaijan's Economic Independence Concepts and Agricultural Reforms Program; Established the Assistance Fund for Refugees and IDPs.
3 Panah Huseynov
Azerbaijani: Pənah Hüseynov
(1957–)
28 April 1993 30 June 1993 63 Azerbaijani Popular Front Party 3. Elçibəy I [17]
4 Surat Huseynov
Azerbaijani: Surət Hüseynov
(1959–)
30 June 1993 7 October 1994 464 Military 4. H.Əliyev II
Attempted a coup d'état, supported by the military, against Heydar Aliyev, which was immediately suppressed.
5 Fuad Guliyev
Azerbaijani: Fuad Quliyev
(1941–)
7 October 1994 20 July 1996 652 New Azerbaijan Party 5. H.Əliyev II [18]
Acting Prime Minister until 2 May 1995. Declared Sumgait a free economic zone and signed a contract with foreign oil companies for exploration, development and production at Karabakh oil field.
6 Artur Rasizadə (2009).jpg Artur Rasizade
Azerbaijani: Artur Rasi-zadə
(1935–)
20 July 1996 4 August 2003 2571 New Azerbaijan Party 6. H.Əliyev II
Acting Prime Minister as First Deputy Prime Minister until 26 November 1996. Acting Prime Minister from 18 to 24 October 1998.
7 Ilham Aliyev par Claude Truong-Ngoc juin 2014.jpg Ilham Aliyev
Azerbaijani: İlham Əliyev
(1961–)
4 August 2003 31 October 2003 88 New Azerbaijan Party 7. H.Əliyev II
8 Artur Rasizadə (2009).jpg Artur Rasizade
Azerbaijani: Artur Rasi-zadə
(1935–)
31 October 2003 21 April 2018 5475 New Azerbaijan Party 8. İ.Əliyev I
Acting for Prime Minister Ilham Aliyev from 6 August 2003 to 31 October 2003, when Aliyev took office as President of Azerbaijan. Acting Prime Minister as First Deputy Prime Minister from 31 October 2003 until 4 November 2003, when he was named Prime Minister.
8 Novruz İsmayıl oğlu Məmmədov.jpg Novruz Mammadov
Azerbaijani: Novruz Məmmədov
(1947–)
21 April 2018 Incumbent 397 New Azerbaijan Party 9. İ.Əliyev III

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fuad Akhundov (Spring 1998). "Alimardan Topchubashev - Minister of Foreign Affairs (1862-1934)". Azerbaijan International. p. 31. Retrieved 2010-07-09.
  2. ^ a b "Ministry of Finance of Republic of Azerbaijan. History of the ministry". Archived from the original on 2010-11-24. Retrieved 2010-11-08.
  3. ^ "Presidential Library. Nariman Narimanov" (PDF). p. 72. Retrieved 2010-07-09.[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ "Gazanfar Mahmud-ogly Musabekov (Газанфар Махмуд-оглы Мусабеков)". www.archontology.org. Retrieved 8 November 2014.
  5. ^ De Waal, Thomas (2003). Black garden: Armenia and Azerbaijan through peace and war. New York and London: New York University. p. 138. ISBN 0-8147-1944-9. Retrieved 4 May 2010.
  6. ^ "Vaşinqton Post: "Şərqin İbn Sinası doğuldu"". bugun.az (in Azerbaijani). Archived from the original on 8 November 2014. Retrieved 8 November 2014.
  7. ^ "Mir Cəfər Bağırov və Teymur Quliyev". www.anl.az (in Azerbaijani). Retrieved 8 November 2014.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g Азербайджанская ССР. datarule.narod.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 8 November 2014.
  9. ^ "Archived copy" Как это часто бывает, и коллеги были разные…. www.sultanov.azeriland.com (in Russian). Archived from the original on 2014-11-08. Retrieved 8 November 2014.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ Lewis Siegelbaum. "Seventeen Moments in Soviet History. 1973: Shakeup in the Republics". Archived from the original on 2011-06-13. Retrieved 2010-05-03.
  11. ^ "Exiled Former President Returns To Azerbaijan For Son's Funeral". www.rferl.org. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
  12. ^ "Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan. Hasan Hasanov". Retrieved 2010-07-06.
  13. ^ Goltz, Thomas (1998). Azerbaijan Diary: A Rogue Reporter's Adventures in an Oil-rich, War-torn, Post-Soviet Republic. M.E. Sharpe. p. 142. ISBN 978-0765602442.
  14. ^ "Speech of Heydar Aliyev on social economic progress". Archived from the original on 2011-07-24. Retrieved 2010-07-01.
  15. ^ Dawisha, Karen; Parrott, Bruce (1994). Russia and the new states of Eurasia: the politics of upheaval. New York: University of Cambridge. p. 192. ISBN 0-521-45262-7. Retrieved June 30, 2010.
  16. ^ "Directory of Biographies. Ali Masimov". Archived from the original on 2011-07-06. Retrieved 2010-06-25.
  17. ^ Nohlen, Grotz, Hartmann, Dieter, Florian, Christof (2001). Elections in Asia and the Pacific: A Data Handbook : Volume I: Middle East, Central Asia, and South Asia: Volume I: Middle East, Central Asia, and South Asia, Volume 1. Oxford University Press. p. 366. |access-date= requires |url= (help)CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  18. ^ Betty Blair (Autumn 1995). "Diplomatic Interview. United Nations Development Program (UNDP) Representative by Paolo Lembo". Azerbaijan International. pp. 62–63. Retrieved 2010-06-25.