Prime Minister of Myanmar

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Prime Minister of Myanmar
မြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော် ဝန်ကြီးချုပ်
State seal of Myanmar.svg
AppointerPresident of Myanmar
Formation4 January 1948
First holderU Nu
Final holderThein Sein
Abolished30 March 2011
SuccessionState Counsellor of Myanmar
State seal of Myanmar.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Myanmar

The prime minister of Myanmar was the head of government of Myanmar (also known as Burma) from 1948 to 2011.

History of the office[edit]

The position of Prime Minister was created in 1948, with the adoption of the Burmese Declaration of Independence from the United Kingdom. Since then, eleven people have held the office (with two of them doing so on multiple occasions). Due to the country's long period of military rule, it has not been uncommon for the prime minister to be a serving (or recently retired) military officer.

The actual power of the prime minister has considerably varied over time, differing based on who holds the office. In 2004, a power struggle between the then–head of state, Senior General Than Shwe, chairman of the State Peace and Development Council, and his prime minister, General Khin Nyunt, resulted in the prime minister being dismissed and arrested.

The position was abolished on 30 March 2011, according to the current Constitution (adopted in 2008). It provided that the president is both the head of state and head of government. But after the 2015 general election, as Aung San Suu Kyi was constitutionally barred from becoming President, a position called State Counsellor, similar to Prime Minister, was established for her on 6 April 2016.

Prime ministers of Burma/Myanmar (1948–2011)[edit]

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Union of Burma (1948–1974)[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party
Took office Left office Time in office
1 U Nu portrait.jpg U Nu
(1907–1995)
4 January 1948 12 June 1956[a] 8 years, 160 days Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League
1 Ba Swe.jpg Ba Swe
(1915–1987)
12 June 1956 1 March 1957 262 days Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League
(1) U Nu portrait.jpg U Nu
(1907–1995)
1 March 1957 29 October 1958[b] 2 years, 242 days Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League
3 General Ne Win PM of Burma 1959.jpg Ne Win
(1911–2002)
29 October 1958 4 April 1960[c] 1 year, 158 days Military
(1) U Nu portrait.jpg U Nu
(1907–1995)
4 April 1960 2 March 1962[d] 1 year, 332 days Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League
(3) General Ne Win PM of Burma 1959.jpg Ne Win
(1911–2002)
2 March 1962 4 March 1974 12 years, 2 days Military /
Burma Socialist Programme Party

Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma (1974–1988)[edit]

4 State seal of Myanmar (1974-2008).svg Sein Win
(1919–1993)
4 March 1974 29 March 1977[e] 3 years, 25 days Burma Socialist Programme Party
5 State seal of Myanmar (1974-2008).svg Maung Maung Kha
(1920–1995)
29 March 1977 26 July 1988[f] 11 years, 119 days Burma Socialist Programme Party
6 State seal of Myanmar (1974-2008).svg Tun Tin
(born 1920)
26 July 1988 18 September 1988[g] 54 days Burma Socialist Programme Party

Union of Burma/Myanmar (1988–2011)[edit]

7 State seal of Myanmar (1974-2008).svg Saw Maung
(1928–1997)
21 September 1988 23 April 1992[h] 3 years, 215 days Military
8 Than Shwe 2010-10-11.jpg Than Shwe
(born 1933)
23 April 1992 25 August 2003 11 years, 124 days Military
9 KhinNyunt cropped.jpg Khin Nyunt
(born 1939)
25 August 2003 18 October 2004[i] 1 year, 54 days Military
10 SoeWin cropped.jpg Soe Win
(1947–2007)
19 October 2004 12 October 2007
(died in office.[4])
2 years, 358 days Military
TheinSeinASEAN.jpg Thein Sein
(born 1945)
12 October 2007 30 March 2011 3 years, 169 days Military
(until 29 April 2010[5])
Union Solidarity and Development Party
(from 8 June 2010[5])
11

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Resigned after the 1956 general election.
  2. ^ Handed over power to the military.
  3. ^ Handed back power to the civilian government after the 1960 general election.
  4. ^ Deposed in the 1962 coup d'état.
  5. ^ Removed from office due to the economic problems of the country.
  6. ^ Resigned during the 8888 Uprising.
  7. ^ Deposed in a coup d'état during the 8888 Uprising.
  8. ^ Resigned due to health reasons.[1][2]
  9. ^ Removed from office and placed under house arrest.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wheeler, Ned (28 July 1997). "Obituary: General Saw Maung". The Independent. London.
  2. ^ "Saw Maung Is Dead at 68; Led a Brutal Burmese Coup". The New York Times. 27 July 1997.
  3. ^ "Burma's prime minister 'arrested'". BBC News. 19 October 2004.
  4. ^ "Burma prime minister Soe Win dies". BBC News. 12 October 2007.
  5. ^ a b Wai Moe (5 May 2010). "Tight Censorship on Reporting USDP". The Irrawaddy. Retrieved 22 August 2011.

External links[edit]