Prime Minister of Ethiopia

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Prime Minister of the
Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር
Coat of arms of Ethiopia.svg
Coat of Arms
Hailemariam Desalegn - Closing Plenary- Africa's Next Chapter - World Economic Forum on Africa 2011.jpg
Hailemariam Desalegn

since 20 August 2012
Residence Menelik Palace, Addis Ababa
Appointer Mulatu Teshome,
as President of Ethiopia
Term length No term limit
Inaugural holder Habte Giyorgis
(Chief Minister)
Makonnen Endelkachew
(Prime Minister)
Formation 1909 (Chief Minister)
1942 (Prime Minister)
Coat of arms of Ethiopia.svg
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The Prime Minister of Ethiopia is the head of the Ethiopian government and the most powerful figure in Ethiopian politics. Although the President of Ethiopia is the country's head of state and nominal chief executive, his powers are largely ceremonial; the Prime Minister holds most of the real power. The official residence of the prime minister, Menelik Palace is in Addis Ababa. The current prime minister is Hailemariam Desalegn of EPRDF, the eleventh person to hold the position.

Following an election, the President nominates a member of the House of Peoples' Representatives to become prime minister after asking party leaders whom they support for the position. The nominee then presents a government platform and must receive a vote of confidence in order to become prime minister. In practice, the Prime Minister is usually the leader of the largest party in the House of Peoples' Representatives.

Origins and history[edit]

The heads of government of Ethiopia have been Chief Ministers (1909–1942), and then Prime Ministers (1942–Present). Since 1995 Ethiopia follows a Parliamentary system of government. In parliamentary systems fashioned after the Westminster system, the prime minister is the presiding and actual head of the government and head of the executive branch. In such systems, the head of state or the head of state's official representative (i.e., the monarch or president or governor-general) usually holds a purely ceremonial position.

The prime minister is expected to become a member of House of Peoples' Representatives within six months of beginning their tenure, if they are not a member already. They are expected to work with other ministers to ensure the passage of bills through the legislature.

Role and power of the prime minister[edit]

The prime minister leads the functioning and exercise of authority of the Government of Ethiopia. He is invited by the President of Ethiopia in the House of Peoples' Representatives as leader of the majority party to form a government at the federal level and exercise its powers. In practice the prime minister nominates the cabinet ministers.

The prime minister is also the commander-in-chief of the Ethiopian National Defense Force.

The prime minister, in consultation with the Cabinet, schedules and attends the sessions of the Houses of Parliament and is required to answer the question from the Members of Parliament to them as the in-charge of the portfolios in the capacity as Prime Minister of Ethiopia.

The prime minister represents the country in various delegations, high level meetings and international organisations that require the attendance of the highest government office.


The bodyguards of the Ethiopian Prime Minister have been seen with the TAR-21 assault rifle.[1][2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ [1][dead link]
  2. ^ "Ethiopia's Meles urges recognition of poll win". 2010-05-25. Retrieved 2015-08-25. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Prime ministers of Ethiopia at Wikimedia Commons