Prime Minister of Iceland

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Prime Minister of Iceland
Forsætisráðherra Íslands
Coat of arms of Iceland.svg
Prime Minister's Office
Member of
Residence None.
Seat Reykjavík, Capital Region
Nominator Incumbent's political party
Appointer President of Iceland
Term length Four years
Renewable indefinitely as long as the incumbent has majority support in the Parliament.
Constituting instrument
Precursor Minister for Iceland
Formation 1 February 1904
First holder Jón Magnússon
Deputy Whoever appointed by the incumbent.
Salary 1,231,092 ISK monthly (2013)
Website eng.forsaetisraduneyti.is (English)
forsaetisraduneyti.is (Icelandic)
Coat of arms of Iceland.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Iceland
Constitution

The Prime Minister of Iceland (Icelandic: Forsætisráðherra Íslands) is Iceland's head of government. The prime minister is appointed formally by the President and exercises executive authority along with the cabinet subject to parliamentary support.

Constitutional Basis[edit]

The Prime Minister is appointed by the President under the Constitution of Iceland, Section II Article 17, and chairs the Cabinet of Iceland:

Fundunum stjórnar sá ráðherra, er forseti lýðveldisins hefur kvatt til forsætis, og nefnist hann forsætisráðherra.[1]
The [cabinet] meetings shall be presided over by the Minister called upon by the President of the Republic to do so, who is designated Prime Minister.[2]

Locations[edit]

The Prime Minister's office is located in Stjórnarráðið, Reykjavik where their secretariat is based and where cabinet meetings are held.[3] The Prime Minister has a summer residence, Þingvallabær in Þingvellir. The Prime Minister also has a Reception House at Tjarnargata, Reykjavik which was the Prime Ministerial residence until 1943.[4]

List[edit]

Home Rule (1904–1918)[edit]

Political Party:   Home Rule   Independence   Union   Independent

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Constituency
Took office Left office Party
Hannes Hafsteinn.jpg Hannes Hafstein
(1861–1922)
MP for Eyjafjarðarsýsla
1 February 1904 31 March 1909 Home Rule Party
Bjorn Jonsson.jpg Björn Jónsson
(1846–1912)
MP for Barðastrandarsýsla
31 March 1909 14 March 1911 Independence Party
Kristjan Jonsson.jpg Kristján Jónsson
(1852–1926)
MP for Borgarfjarðarsýsla
14 March 1911 24 July 1912 Independent
Hannes Hafsteinn.jpg Hannes Hafstein
(1861–1922)
MP for Eyjafjarðarsýsla
24 July 1912 21 July 1914 Union Party
Sigurður Eggerz.jpg Sigurður Eggerz
(1875–1945)
MP for West Skaftafellssýsla
21 July 1914 4 May 1915 Independence Party
EinarArnorsson.jpg Einar Arnórsson
(1880–1955)
MP for Árnessýsla
4 May 1915 4 January 1917 Independence Party
(Langsum)

Kingdom (1918–1944)[edit]

Further information: Kingdom of Iceland

Political Party:   Home Rule   Independence   Conservative   Progressive   Independent

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Constituency
Term of Office Political Party Cabinet Election
# Took Office Left Office Days
Jón Magnússon1.jpg Jón Magnússon
(1859–1926)
MP for Reykjavík until 1920
not in Parliament from 1920
1 4 January 1917 25 February 1920 1888 Home Rule Party HPIPPP Oct.1916
2 25 February 1920 7 March 1922 HP–others 1919
Sigurður Eggerz.jpg Sigurður Eggerz
(1875–1945)
MP without constituency
7 March 1922 22 March 1924 746 Independence Party IP–others
1923
Jón Magnússon1.jpg Jón Magnússon
(1859–1926)
MP without constituency
3 22 March 1924 23 June 1926 (died) 823 Conservative Party CP
No image.svg Magnús Guðmundsson (acting)
(1879–1937)
MP for Skagafjarðarsýsla
23 June 1926 8 July 1926 15 Conservative Party
JThorl1927.jpg Jón Þorláksson
(1877–1935)
MP without constituency
8 July 1926 28 August 1927 416 Conservative Party CP
No image.svg Tryggvi Þórhallsson
(1889–1935)
MP for Strandasýsla
28 August 1927 3 June 1932 1741 Progressive Party PP 1927
1931
Asgeir Asgeirsson.jpg Ásgeir Ásgeirsson
(1894–1972)
MP for West Ísafjarðarsýsla
3 June 1932 28 July 1934 785 Progressive Party PPIP–Peasants
1933
Herman Jonassón.jpg Hermann Jónasson
(1896–1976)
MP for Strandasýsla
1 28 July 1934 2 April 1938 2849 Progressive Party PPSDP 1934
2 2 April 1938 17 April 1939 PP 1937
3 17 April 1939 18 November 1941 PPIPSDP
4 18 November 1941 16 May 1942 PPIPSDP
Olafur Thors.jpg Ólafur Thors
(1892–1964)
MP for Gullbringu and Kjósarsýsla
1 16 May 1942 16 December 1942 214 Independence Party IP Jul.1942
Oct.1942
No image.svg Björn Þórðarson
(1879–1963)
not in Parliament
16 December 1942 21 October 1944 675 Independent

Republic (1944–present)[edit]

Political Party:   Independence   Progressive   Social Democratic

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Constituency
Term of Office Political Party Cabinet Election
# Took Office Left Office Days
Olafur Thors.jpg Ólafur Thors
(1892–1964)
MP for Gullbringu and Kjósarsýsla
2 21 October 1944 4 February 1947 836 Independence Party IPSDPSP 1946
No image.svg Stefán Jóhann Stefánsson
(1894–1980)
MP for Eyjafjarðarsýsla
4 February 1947 6 December 1949 1036 Social Democratic Party SDPIPSP
Olafur Thors.jpg Ólafur Thors
(1892–1964)
MP for Gullbringu and Kjósarsýsla
3 6 December 1949 14 March 1950 98 Independence Party IP 1949
SteingrimurSteinthorsson.jpg Steingrímur Steinþórsson
(1893–1966)
MP for Skagafjarðarsýsla
14 March 1950 11 September 1953 1277 Progressive Party PPIP
Olafur Thors.jpg Ólafur Thors
(1892–1964)
MP for Gullbringu and Kjósarsýsla
4 11 September 1953 24 July 1956 1035 Independence Party IPPP 1953
Herman Jonassón.jpg Hermann Jónasson
(1896–1976)
MP for Strandasýsla
5 24 July 1956 23 December 1958 894 Progressive Party Alliance
PPSDPPA
1956
No image.svg Emil Jónsson
(1902-1986)
MP for Hafnarfjörður
23 December 1958 20 November 1959 597 Social Democratic Party SDP Jun.1959
Olafur Thors.jpg Ólafur Thors
(1892–1964)
MP for Gullbringu and Kjósarsýsla
5 20 November 1959 8 September 1961 393 Independence Party IPSDP Oct.1959
Bjarni Benediktsson 1964 cropped.jpg Bjarni Benediktsson (acting)
(1908–1970)
MP for Reykjavík
8 September 1961 31 December 1961 114 Independence Party IPSDP
Olafur Thors.jpg Ólafur Thors
(1892–1964)
MP for Gullbringu and Kjósarsýsla
1 January 1962 14 November 1963 682 Independence Party IPSDP
Bjarni Benediktsson 1964 cropped.jpg Bjarni Benediktsson
(1908–1970)
MP for Reykjavík
14 November 1963 10 July 1970 (died) 2430 Independence Party IPSDP 1963
1967
No image.svg Jóhann Hafstein
(1915–1980)
MP for Reykjavík
(acting, 10 July 1970)
10 October 1970
14 July 1971 369 Independence Party IPSDP
No image.svg Ólafur Jóhannesson
(1913–1984)
MP for Northwestern Region
1 14 July 1971 28 August 1974 1141 Progressive Party PPPALL 1971
No image.svg Geir Hallgrímsson
(1925–1990)
MP for Reykjavík
28 August 1974 1 September 1978 1465 Independence Party IPPP 1974
No image.svg Ólafur Jóhannesson
(1913–1984)
MP for Northwestern Region
2 1 September 1978 15 October 1979 409 Progressive Party PPPA 1978
No image.svg Benedikt Gröndal
(1924-2010)
MP for Reykjavík
15 October 1979 8 February 1980 116 Social Democratic Party SDP 1979
No image.svg Gunnar Thoroddsen
(1910–1983)
MP for Reykjavík
8 February 1980 26 May 1983 1203 Independence Party
(*Gunnar's faction)
IP*–PPPA
No image.svg Steingrímur Hermannsson
(1928–2010)
MP for Westfjords
1 26 May 1983 8 July 1987 1504 Progressive Party PPIP 1983
No image.svg Þorsteinn Pálsson
(1947–)
MP for Southern Region
8 July 1987 28 September 1988 448 Independence Party IPPPSDP 1987
No image.svg Steingrímur Hermannsson
(1928–2010)
MP for Reykjanes
2 28 September 1988 10 September 1989 944 Progressive Party PPSDPPA
3 10 September 1989 30 April 1991 PPSDPPACiP
Bilden ar tagen vid Nordiska radets session i Oslo, 2003.jpg Davíð Oddsson
(1948–)
MP for Reykjavík until 2003
MP for Reykjavík North from 2003
1 30 April 1991 23 April 1995 4887 Independence Party IPSDP 1991
2 23 April 1995 28 May 1999 IPPP 1995
3 28 May 1999 23 May 2003 IPPP 1999
4 23 May 2003 15 September 2004 IPPP 2003
Halldor Asgrimsson generalsekreterare Nordiska ministerradet.jpg Halldór Ásgrímsson
(1947–2015)
MP for Reykjavík North
15 September 2004 15 June 2006 638 Progressive Party PPIP
Geir Haarde 2006-Oct-11.JPG Geir Haarde
(1951–)
MP for Reykjavík South
1 15 June 2006 24 May 2007 962 Independence Party IPPP
2 24 May 2007 1 February 2009 IPSDA 2007
Johanna sigurdardottir official portrait trim.jpg Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir
(1942–)
MP for Reykjavík North
1 1 February 2009 10 May 2009 1572 Social Democratic Alliance SDALGM
2 10 May 2009 23 May 2013 SDALGM 2009
Sigmundur Davíð Gunnlaugsson (cropped).jpg Sigmundur Davíð Gunnlaugsson
(1975–)
MP for Northeast
23 May 2013 7 April 2016 1049 Progressive Party PPIP 2013
Sigurður Ingi Jóhannsson (cropped).jpg Sigurður Ingi Jóhannsson
(1962–)
MP for South
7 April 2016 Incumbent 175 Progressive Party PPIP

Timeline since 1980[edit]

Sigurður Ingi Jóhannsson Sigmundur Davíð Gunnlaugsson Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir Geir Haarde Halldór Ásgrímsson Davíð Oddsson Steingrímur Hermannsson Þorsteinn Pálsson Steingrímur Hermannsson Gunnar Thoroddsen

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Constitution of Iceland (Icelandic version)
  2. ^ Constitution of Iceland (English version)
  3. ^ "The Prime Minister's Office (PMO) in Iceland". Prime Minister's Office. Retrieved 28 October 2015. 
  4. ^ "Minister's Residence". Prime Minister's Office. Retrieved 28 October 2015. 

External links[edit]