Prime Minister of India
|Prime Minister of
भारत के प्रधानमंत्री
Emblem of Govt of India
|Style||The honourable (Formal)
His Excellency (diplomatic)
Parliament of India
|Reports to||Parliament of India
President of India
|Residence||7, Race Course Road|
|Seat||South Block, New Delhi, India|
|Appointer||President of India
by convention, based on appointee's ability to command confidence in the Lok Sabha
|Term length||At Lok Sabha's pleasure
Lok Sabha term is 5 years unless dissolved sooner
No term limits specified
|Inaugural holder||Jawaharlal Nehru|
|Formation||15 August 1947|
|Salary||₹20 lakh (US$30,000) (annual, including ₹960,000 (US$14,000) MP's salary) |
|Website||Prime Minister's Office|
The Prime Minister of India (Hindi: भारत गणराज्य के प्रधानमंत्री, Bhārat Gaṇarājya kē Pradhānmantrī), as addressed in the Constitution of India, is the Head of Government, chief adviser to the President of India, head of the Council of Ministers and the leader of the majority party in the Lok Sabha. The Prime Minister leads the executive branch of the Government of India. The incumbent Prime Minister of India is Narendra Modi of the Bharatiya Janata Party.
The Prime Minister is the senior member of cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. The Prime Minister selects and can dismiss other members of the cabinet; allocates posts to members within the Government; is the presiding member and chairman of the cabinet. The resignation or death of the prime minister dissolves the cabinet.
The Union cabinet headed by the Prime Minister is appointed by the president to assist the latter in the administration of the affairs of the executive. Union cabinet is collectively responsible to the House of the People as per Article 75(3). The Prime Minister shall always enjoy the confidence of Lok Sabha and shall resign if he/she is unable to prove majority when instructed by the President.
Origins and history
India follows a parliamentary system in which the prime minister is the presiding, actual head of the government and chief of the executive branch of the union / central government in federal democratic republic of India.
The Prime Minister shall become a member of parliament within six months of beginning his tenure, if he is not a member already. He is expected to work with other central ministers to ensure the passage of bills by the Parliament.
Constitutional framework and position of prime minister
The Constitution envisages a scheme of affairs in which the President of India is the head of the executive in terms of Article 53 with office of the prime minister as heading the Council of Ministers to assist and advise the president in the discharge of the executive power. To quote, Article 53, 74 and 75 of the Indian constitution provide as under;
The executive powers of the Union shall be vested in the president and shall be exercised either directly or through subordinate officers, in accordance with the Constitution.
There shall be a Council of Ministers with the prime minister at the head to aid and advise the president who shall, in the exercise of his functions, act in accordance with such advice.
The Prime Minister shall be appointed by the President and the other Ministers shall be appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister.— Article 75(1)
Like most parliamentary democracies, a President's duties are mostly ceremonial as long as the constitution and the rule of law is obeyed by the Union Cabinet and the Parliament. The Prime Minister of India is the head of government and has the responsibility for executive power.
Role and power of the prime minister
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The prime minister leads the functioning and exercise of authority of the Government of India. He is invited by the President of India in the Parliament of India as leader of the majority party to form a government at the federal level (known as Central or Union Government in India) and exercise its powers. In practice the prime minister nominates the members of their Council of Ministers to the president. They also work upon to decide a core group of Ministers (known as the Cabinet) as in-charge of the important functions and ministries of the Government of India.
The prime minister is responsible for aiding and advising the president in distribution of work of the Government to various ministries and offices and in terms of the Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules, 1961. The co-ordinating work is generally allocated to the Cabinet Secretariat While generally the work of the Government is divided into various Ministries, the prime minister may retain certain portfolios if they are not allocated to any member of the cabinet.
The prime minister, in consultation with the Cabinet, schedules and attends the sessions of the Houses of Parliament and is required to answer the question from the Members of Parliament to them as the in-charge of the portfolios in the capacity as Prime Minister of India.
Some specific ministries/department are not allocated to anyone in the cabinet but the prime minister himself. The prime minister is usually always in-charge/head of:
- Appointments Committee of the Cabinet;
- Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions;
- National Institution for Transforming India Aayog;
- Department of Atomic Energy; and
- Department of Space
- Nuclear Command Authority
The prime minister represents the country in various delegations, high level meetings and international organisations that require the attendance of the highest government office and also addresses to the nation on various issues of national or other importance.
According to Article 84 of the Constitution of India, which sets the principal qualifications for member of Parliament, and Article 75 of the Constitution of India, which sets the qualifications for the minister in the Union Council of Minister, and the argument that the position of prime minister has been described as 'first among equals', A prime minister must:
- be a citizen of India.
- be a member of the Lok Sabha or the Rajya Sabha. If the person chosen as the prime minister is neither a member of the Lok Sabha nor the Rajya Sabha at the time of selection, he or she must become a member of either of the houses within six months.
- be above 25 years of age if he or she is a member of Lok Sabha or above 30 years of age if he or she is a member of the Rajya Sabha.
- not hold any office of profit under the Government of India or the Government of any State or under any local or other authority subject to the control of any of the said Governments.
If however a candidate is elected as the prime minister he/she must vacate their post from any private or government company/ sector and may take up the post only on completion of his /her term
The Prime Minister is required to make and subscribe in the presence of President of India before entering office, the oath of office and secrecy, as per the Third Schedule of the Constitution of India.
Oath of office:
I, <name>, do swear in the name of God/solemnly affirm that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the Constitution of India as by law established, that I will uphold the sovereignty and integrity of India, that I will faithfully and conscientiously discharge my duties as prime minister for the Union and that I will do right to all manner of people in accordance with the Constitution and the law, without fear or favour, affection or ill-will.— Constitution of India, Third Schedule, Part I
Oath of secrecy:
I, <name>, do swear in the name of God/solemnly affirm that I will not directly or indirectly communicate or reveal to any person or persons any matter which shall be brought under my consideration or shall become known to me as prime minister for the Union except as may be required for the due discharge of my duties as such Minister.— Constitution of India, Third Schedule, Part II
- If the prime minister fails to retain the majority support (273/545) in the lower house, when he/she is asked to prove a majority by the president of India, he/she must resign office within the next 48 hours, failing which the president will dismiss him/her. But this dismissal has never been done, as the outgoing PM resigns immediately.
- If the prime minister has not been a member of any one house of the parliament for 6 months in a row, he/she immediately ceases to be the PM.
- Upon ceasing to possess the requisite qualifications to be a member of any one house of the Parliament subject to the Representation of the People Act, 1951.
By Article 75 of the constitution of India, remuneration of the prime minister as well as other ministers are to be decided by the Parliament and is renewed from time to time. The original remuneration for prime minister and other ministers were specified in the Part B of the second schedule of the constitution, which was later removed by an amendment.
In 2010, the prime minister's office reported that he did not receive a formal salary, but was only entitled to monthly allowances. That same year The Economist reported that, on a purchasing-power parity basis, the prime minister received an equivalent of $4106 per year. As a percentage of the country's per-capita GDP (Gross Domestic Product), this is the lowest of all countries The Economist surveyed.
|Salary in Oct 2009||Salary in Oct 2010||Salary in Jul 2012|
|₹100,000 (US$1,500)||₹135,000 (US$2,000)||₹160,000 (US$2,400)|
- Air transports of heads of state and government
- Official state car
- Presidents of India
- List of Prime Ministers of India
- Deputy Prime Minister of India
- List of Prime Ministers of India by longevity
- Prime Minister's Office
- "Pay & Allowances of the Prime Minister" (PDF). pmindia.nic.in/. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
- "Prime Minister and the Cabinet Ministers". pmindia.nic.in. Retrieved 2008-06-05.
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- "Sections 7 & 8k, The representation of the people act,1951" (PDF). Retrieved 2 July 2016.
- The Constitution of India, Article 75-6
- "A Raise for Prime Minister Manmohan Singh?". Wall Street Journal. 23 July 2010. Retrieved 14 August 2012.
- "Leaders of the fee world: How much a country's leader is paid compared to GDP per person". The Economist. 5 July 2010. Retrieved 14 August 2012.