Prime Minister of Iraq

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Prime Minister of the Republic of Iraq
Coat of arms of Iraq (2008–present).svg
Mustafa al-Kadhimi (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Mustafa Al-Kadhimi

since 7 May 2020
StyleHis Excellency
ResidenceRepublican Palace, Baghdad, Iraq
SeatAl Zaqura Building
AppointerChosen by the President
Term lengthFour-year term, renewable[1]
Inaugural holderAbd Al-Rahman Al-Gillani
Formation11 November 1920
Salary96,000 USD annually[2]
Websitehttps://www.pmo.iq/pme/indexe.htm
Coat of arms of Iraq (2008–present).svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Iraq

Arab League Member State of the Arab League


Constitution
Flag of Iraq.svg Iraq portal

The prime minister of Iraq is the head of government of Iraq.

On May 2020, Mustafa Al-Kadhimi became the incumbent prime minister after Adil Abdul-Mahdi resigned.

History[edit]

The prime minister was originally an appointed office, subsidiary to the head of state, and the nominal leader of the Iraqi parliament. Under the newly adopted constitution the prime minister is the country's active executive authority. Nouri al-Maliki (formerly Jawad al-Maliki) was selected to be prime minister on 21 April 2006.[3][4] On 14 August 2014, al-Maliki agreed to step down as prime minister of Iraq to allow Haider al-Abadi to take his place.[5] On 25 October 2018, Adil Abdul-Mahdi was sworn into office five months after the 2018 elections until his resignation in 2019.[6]. He was once again appointed, this time as a caretaker prime minister due to political dispute.[citation needed] Abdul-Mahdi was replaced by Mustafa Al-Kadhimi, who was approved by the parliament on 7 May 2020.[7]

Appointment[edit]

The Council of Representatives elected the president of the Republic and his deputies, including the president of the Council of Ministers.

The Presidency Council then shall name a prime minister unanimously. According to this, the Presidency Council must agree on a candidate for the post within two weeks. In the event that it fails to do so, the responsibility of naming the prime minister reverts to the National Assembly. In that event, the Council of Representatives must confirm the nomination by an absolute majority. If the prime minister is unable to nominate his Council of Ministers within one month, the Presidency Council shall name another prime minister.

Agencies directly subordinate[edit]

The Iraqi Counter Terrorism Bureau reports to the prime minister directly. The Iraqi CTB oversees the Iraqi Counter Terrorism Command, a formation that includes all Iraqi Special Operations Forces. As of 30 June 2009, there had been legislation in progress for a year to make the Iraqi CTB a separate ministry.[8]

Seat[edit]

Al Zaqura Building in Baghdad (2019)

The prime minister's office is located in the Al Zaqura Building in Baghdad.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Iraqi lawmakers pass law to block Maliki from third term". Reuters. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  2. ^ "Names and figures .. salaries of the heads of the world".
  3. ^ Iraq parliament elects new leaders CNN, 22 April 2006
  4. ^ Maliki endorsed as new Iraqi PM BBC News, 22 April 2006
  5. ^ "Maliki gives up Iraq PM job to rival". www.aljazeera.com. Al Jazeera and agencies.
  6. ^ "Prime Minister Abdul-Mahdi sworn in with 14 ministers, so far". Rudaw.net. 16 June 2015. Retrieved 27 October 2018.
  7. ^ "Mustafa al-Kadhimi sworn in as prime minister of Iraq". Rudaw. 7 May 2020. Retrieved 7 May 2020.
  8. ^ Montrose Toast, Iraqi Counter Terrorism Bureau, 30 June 2009