List of heads of government of Libya

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Libya

The following article contains a list of heads of government of Libya since the country's independence in 1951.

Heads of Government of Libya[edit]

Kingdom of Libya (1951–1969)[edit]

No. Name Birth–Death Took office Left office Political Affiliation
Prime Ministers
1 Mahmud al-Muntasir Mahmud al-Muntasir2.jpg 1903–1970 29 March 1951 19 February 1954 Independent
First tenure in the office. Served as Acting Prime Minister until 24 December 1951.
2 Muhammad Sakizli Mohammed Sakizli.jpg 1892–1976 19 February 1954 12 April 1954 Independent
3 Mustafa Ben Halim Mustafa Ben Halim.jpg 1921– 12 April 1954 26 May 1957 Independent
4 Abdul Majid Kubar Abdul Majid Kubar.JPG 1909–1986 26 May 1957 17 October 1960 Independent
5 Muhammad Osman Said Muhammad Osman Said2.jpg 1922–2007 17 October 1960 19 March 1963 Independent
6 Mohieddin Fikini Mohieddin Fekini.jpg 1925–1994 19 March 1963 20 January 1964 Independent
(1) Mahmud al-Muntasir Mahmud al-Muntasir2.jpg 1903–1970 20 January 1964 20 March 1965 Independent
Second tenure in the office.
7 Hussein Maziq Hussein Maziq2.jpg 1918–2006 20 March 1965 2 July 1967 Independent
8 Abdul Qadir al-Badri Abdul Qadir al-Badri.jpg 1921–2003 2 July 1967 25 October 1967 Independent
9 Abdul Hamid al-Bakkoush Abdul Hamid al-Bakkoush.JPG 1933–2007 25 October 1967 4 September 1968 Independent
10 Wanis al-Qaddafi Wanis al-Qaddafi2.jpg 1924–1986 4 September 1968 31 August 1969 Independent
Deposed in the 1969 coup d'état.

Libya under Gaddafi (1969–2011)[edit]

Libyan Arab Republic (1969–1977)[edit]

Prime Ministers
11 Mahmud Sulayman al-Maghribi No image.svg 1935–2009 8 September 1969 16 January 1970 Independent
12 Muammar Gaddafi Muammar al-Gaddafi at the AU summit.jpg 1942–2011 16 January 1970 16 July 1972 Military /
Arab Socialist Union
Simultaneously served as the Chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council.
13 Abdessalam Jalloud No image.svg 1944– 16 July 1972 2 March 1977 Military /
Arab Socialist Union

Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya (1977–2011)[edit]

General Secretaries of the General People's Committee
14 Abdul Ati al-Obeidi Abdul Ati al-Obeidi (cropped).jpg 1939– 2 March 1977 2 March 1979 Independent
(Islamic socialist)
Afterwards served as Secretary-General of the General People's Congress (head of state), from 1979 to 1981.
15 Jadallah Azzuz at-Talhi No image.svg 2 March 1979 16 February 1984 Independent
(Islamic socialist)
First tenure in the office.
16 Muhammad az-Zaruq Rajab No image.svg 1940– 16 February 1984 3 March 1986 Independent
(Islamic socialist)
Previously served as Secretary-General of the General People's Congress (head of state), from 1981 to 1984.
(15) Jadallah Azzuz at-Talhi No image.svg 3 March 1986 1 March 1987 Independent
(Islamic socialist)
Second tenure in the office. Served at the time of the 1986 United States bombing (Operation El Dorado Canyon).
17 Umar Mustafa al-Muntasir No image.svg 1939–2001 1 March 1987 7 October 1990 Independent
(Islamic socialist)
18 Abuzed Omar Dorda No image.svg 1944– 7 October 1990 29 January 1994 Independent
(Islamic socialist)
19 Abdul Majid al-Qa′ud No image.svg 1943– 29 January 1994 29 December 1997 Independent
(Islamic socialist)
20 Muhammad Ahmad al-Mangoush No image.svg 29 December 1997 1 March 2000 Independent
(Islamic socialist)
21 Imbarek Shamekh No image.svg 1952– 1 March 2000 14 June 2003 Independent
(Islamic socialist)
Afterwards served as Secretary-General of the General People's Congress (head of state), from 2009 to 2010.
22 Shukri Ghanem Shukri Ghanem 2010.jpg 1942–2012 14 June 2003 5 March 2006 Independent
(Islamic socialist)
23 Baghdadi Mahmudi 2008-07-31 Багдади Махмуди.jpg 1945– 5 March 2006 23 August 2011 Independent
(Islamic socialist)
Served at the time of the 2011 Civil War and the concurrent foreign military intervention. Deposed during the Battle of Tripoli.

Transitional period (2011–present)[edit]

Head of the Executive Team of the National Transitional Council
Mahmoud Jibril Mahmoud Jibril - World Economic Forum Special Meeting on Economic Growth and Job Creation in the Arab World cropped GNC.png 1952– 5 March 2011 23 March 2011 Independent
In rebellion, based in Benghazi.
Prime Ministers
Mahmoud Jibril
Acting Prime Minister
Mahmoud Jibril - World Economic Forum Special Meeting on Economic Growth and Job Creation in the Arab World cropped GNC.png 1952– 23 March 2011 23 October 2011 Independent
In rebellion to 23 August 2011, based in Benghazi during this period.
Ali Tarhouni
Acting Prime Minister
Ali Tarhouni cropped GNC.jpg 1951– 23 October 2011 24 November 2011 Independent
Deputy Prime Minister, assumed office as caretaker.
Abdurrahim El-Keib
Acting Prime Minister
El-Keib.jpg 1950– 24 November 2011 14 November 2012 Independent
24 Ali Zeidan Ali Zeidan at US State Department 2013.png 1950– 14 November 2012 11 March 2014 National Party for Development and Welfare
Briefly kidnapped by armed militants during the 2013 coup d'état attempt. Survived the February 2014 coup d'état attempt.
Following the 2014 legislative election, the government was split between the newly-elected House of Representatives and the 2014 General National Congress, composed of remnants of the outgoing General National Congress, resulting in the 2014–17 Civil War. The 2014 legislative election have been declared invalid by the Libyan Supreme Court in November 2014.
25 Abdullah al-Thani Abdullah al-Thani.jpg 1954– 11 March 2014 Incumbent Independent
In rebellion, based in Tobruk from August 2014, then in Beida. Internationally recognized until 12 March 2016. Acting Prime Minister until 8 April 2014 and from 11 August 2015. Survived the May 2014 coup d'état attempt.
Ahmed Maiteeq Ahmed Maiteeq.jpg 25 May 2014 9 June 2014 Independent
Appointment declared invalid by the Libyan Supreme Court.
Omar al-Hassi No image.svg 1949– 6 September 2014 31 March 2015 Independent
In rebellion, based in Tripoli. Prime Minister of the National Salvation Government.
Khalifa al-Ghawil No image.svg 31 March 2015 5 April 2016 Independent
In rebellion, based in Tripoli. Prime Minister of the National Salvation Government. Served as Acting Prime Minister until 1 December 2015.
Following the inauguration of the Presidential Council and the Government of National Accord, the government remain split between the House of Representatives and the 2014 General National Congress, recreated after the 2016 coup d'état attempt. Afterwards, the High Council of the Revolution is created as well. However, the High Council of State, based in Tripoli recognizes the GNA.
26 Fayez al-Sarraj Libyan Prime Minister Fayez al-Sarraj.jpg 1960– 5 April 2016 Incumbent Independent
Internationally recognized, based in Tripoli. Prime Minister of the Government of National Accord, simultaneously serving as the Chairman of the Presidential Council.
Khalifa al-Ghawil No image.svg 14 October 2016 16 March 2017 Independent
In rebellion, based in Tripoli. Prime Minister of the recreated National Salvation Government.
Omar al-Hassi No image.svg 1949– 1 December 2016 Incumbent Independent
In rebellion, based in Tripoli. Prime Minister of the High Council of the Revolution.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]