Prime Minister of Madagascar

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Prime Minister of the
Republic of Madagascar
Seal of Madagascar.svg
Incumbent
Olivier Mahafaly Solonandrasana

since 13 April 2016
Appointer Hery Rajaonarimampianina,
as President of Madagascar
Inaugural holder Gabriel Ramanantsoa
Formation 18 May 1972
Seal of Madagascar.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Madagascar

This is a list of Prime Ministers of Madagascar, since the establishment of the office of Chief Minister in 1828, during the Merina Kingdom.

Key[edit]

Political parties
Other factions
Status
  •   Denotes Acting Prime Minister

Prime Ministers of Madagascar[edit]

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Merina Kingdom[edit]

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Tenure Political affiliation Monarch(s)
Took office Left office
1 Andriamihaja
(–1833)[1]
No image.png 1828 1833 Independent Ranavalona I
2 Rainiharo
(–1852)
No image.png 1833 10 February 1852
(died in office.)
Independent Ranavalona I
3 Rainivoninahitriniony
(1821–1869)
Rainivoninahitriniony Prime Minister of Madagascar.jpg 10 February 1852 14 July 1864
(deposed.)
Independent Ranavalona I
Radama II
Rasoherina
4 Rainilaiarivony
(1828–1896)
Rainilaiarivony.jpg 14 July 1864 14 October 1895
(deposed.)
Independent Rasoherina
Ranavalona II
Ranavalona III
5 Rainitsimbazafy No image.png 15 October 1895 September 1896
(removed from office.)
Independent Ranavalona III
6 Rasanjy
(1851–1918)[2]
Rasanjy, ca. 1890.jpg September 1896 February 1897 Independent Ranavalona III

French Madagascar (within the French colonial empire and the French Union)[edit]

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Tenure Political affiliation High Commissioner(s)
Took office Left office
Post abolished (February 1897 – 27 May 1957)
1 Philibert Tsiranana
(1912–1978)[3]
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F013783-0033, Berlin, Staatsbesuch aus Madagaskar-2.jpg 27 May 1957 14 October 1958 PSD Soudacaux

Malagasy Republic[edit]

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Tenure Political affiliation High Commissioner(s)
Took office Left office
Autonomous republic (within the French Community)
(1) Philibert Tsiranana
(1912–1978)
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F013783-0033, Berlin, Staatsbesuch aus Madagaskar-2.jpg 14 October 1958 1 May 1959 PSD Soudacaux
Post abolished (1 May 1959 – 26 June 1960)
Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Tenure Political affiliation President(s)
Took office Left office
Independent country
Post abolished (26 June 1960 – 18 May 1972)
1 Gabriel Ramanantsoa
(1906–1979)
Gabriel Ramanantsoa 1961.jpg 18 May 1972 5 February 1975
(resigned.)
Military Himself
Post abolished (5 February 1975 – 30 December 1975)

Democratic Republic of Madagascar[edit]

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Tenure Political affiliation President(s)
Took office Left office
Post abolished (30 December 1975 – 11 January 1976)
2 Joel Rakotomalala
(1929–1976)
No image.png 11 January 1976 30 July 1976
(died in office.)
AREMA Ratsiraka
3 Justin Rakotoniaina
(1933–2001)
No image.png 12 August 1976 1 August 1977 AREMA Ratsiraka
4 Désiré Rakotoarijaona
(1934–)
Désiré Rakotoarijaona.jpg 1 August 1977 12 February 1988 Military Ratsiraka
5 Victor Ramahatra
(1945–)
No image.png 12 February 1988 8 August 1991 Military Ratsiraka
6 Guy Razanamasy
(1928–2011)
No image.png 8 August 1991 12 September 1991 AREMA Ratsiraka

Third Republic of Madagascar[edit]

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Tenure Political affiliation President(s)
Took office Left office
(6) Guy Razanamasy
(1928–2011)
No image.png 12 September 1991 9 August 1993 AREMA Ratsiraka
Zafy
7 Francisque Ravony
(1942–2003)
No image.png 9 August 1993 30 October 1995 CSDDM Zafy
8 Emmanuel Rakotovahiny
(1938–)
No image.png 30 October 1995 28 May 1996 UNDD Zafy
9 Norbert Ratsirahonana
(1938–)
No image.png 28 May 1996 21 February 1997 AVI Zafy
Himself
Ratsiraka
10 Pascal Rakotomavo
(1934–2010)
No image.png 21 February 1997 23 July 1998 AREMA Ratsiraka
11 Tantely Andrianarivo
(1954–)
No image.png 23 July 1998 31 May 2002[4] AREMA Ratsiraka
12 Jacques Sylla
(1946–2009)
No image.png 26 February 2002 20 January 2007 Independent Ravalomanana
Jean-Jacques Rasolondraibe
(1947–)
No image.png 31 May 2002 5 July 2002 AREMA Ratsiraka
13 Charles Rabemananjara
(1947–)
Charles Rabemananjara detail, 12th AU Summit, 090203-N-0506A-616.jpg 20 January 2007 17 March 2009
(deposed.)
TIM Ravalomanana

High Transitional Authority[edit]

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Tenure Political affiliation President(s)
Took office Left office
14 Monja Roindefo
(1965–)
No image.png (7 February 2009)
17 March 2009
10 October 2009[5] Monima Rajoelina
15 Eugène Mangalaza
(1950–)
No image.png 10 October 2009 18 December 2009 Independent Rajoleina
Cécile Manorohanta No image.png 18 December 2009 20 December 2009 TGV Rajoelina
16 Albert Camille Vital
(1952–)
Albert Camille Vital (IAEA Imagebank) crop.jpg 20 December 2009 2 November 2011 Military Rajoelina
17 Omer Beriziky
(1950–)
Jean Omer Beriziky-IMG 0958.jpg 2 November 2011 16 April 2014 LEADER-Fanilo Rajoelina
Rajaonarimampianina

Fourth Republic of Madagascar[edit]

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Tenure Political affiliation President(s)
Took office Left office
18 Roger Kolo
(1943–)
Roger Kolo 2014.jpg 16 April 2014 17 January 2015 Independent Rajaonarimampianina
19 Jean Ravelonarivo
(1959–)
No image.png 17 January 2015 10 April 2016 Independent Rajaonarimampianina
20 Olivier Mahafaly Solonandrasana
(1964–)
No image.png 13 April 2016 Incumbent Independent Rajaonarimampianina

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Chief Minister
  2. ^ Principal Governor
  3. ^ Styled as Vice President of the Executive Council
  4. ^ Under house arrest by Ravalomanana from 27 May 2002
  5. ^ Continued in opposition to 13 November 2009

External links[edit]