Prime Minister of Norway

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This is a descriptive article. For a list, see List of heads of government of Norway.
Prime Minister of Norway
Coat of arms of Norway.svg
Erna Solberg, Wesenberg, 2011 (1).jpg
Erna Solberg

since 16 October 2013
Style Her Excellency (informal)
Residence Inkognitogata 18
Seat Oslo, Norway
Appointer The Monarch
Term length No term limits
General elections are held every four years. The Prime Minister is by convention the leader of the party with majority support in Parliament.
Inaugural holder Frederik Stang (generally regarded as the first incumbent)
Formation 1873
Website Government Official Homepage
Coat of arms of Norway.svg
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The Prime Minister of Norway (Norwegian: statsminister, literally "state minister") is the political leader of Norway and the Head of the Government of Norway. The Prime Minister and Cabinet (consisting of all the most senior government department heads) are collectively accountable for their policies and actions to the Monarch, to the Storting (Parliament of Norway), to their political party, and ultimately the electorate. In practice, since it is nearly impossible for a government to stay in office against the will of the Storting, the Prime Minister is primarily answerable to the Storting.

Norway has a Constitution, which was adopted on 17 May 1814.[1] The position of Prime Minister is the result of legislation. Modern Prime Ministers have few statutory powers, but provided they can command the support of their parliamentary party, they can control both the legislature and the executive (the Cabinet) and hence wield considerable de facto powers. As of 2015, the Prime Minister of Norway is Erna Solberg, of the Conservative Party.

Unlike their counterparts in the rest of Europe, Norwegian Prime Ministers do not have the option of advising the King to dissolve the Storting and call a snap election. The Constitution requires that the Storting serve out its full four-year term. If the Prime Minister loses the confidence of the Storting, he or she must resign.

Longest-sitting Prime Ministers[edit]

Nr. Prime Minister Party Days Years, months, days
1. Einar Gerhardsen Labour Party 6226 17 years and 17 days
2. Johan Nygaardsvold Labour Party 3750 10 years, 3 months and 5 days
3. Gro Harlem Brundtland Labour Party 3691 10 years, 1 month and 9 days
4. Jens Stoltenberg Labour Party 3518 9 years, 7 months and 17 days
5. Gunnar Knudsen Liberal Party 3383 9 years, 3 months and 4 days
6. Johan Ludwig Mowinckel Liberal Party 2517 6 years, 10 months and 21 days
7. Kjell Magne Bondevik Christian Democratic Party 2341 6 years, 4 months and 29 days
8. Johannes Steen Liberal Party 2311 6 years, 3 months and 30 days
9. Per Borten Centre Party 1982 5 years, 5 months and 5 days
10. Odvar Nordli Labour Party 1847 5 years and 20 days

Former Prime Ministers[edit]

As of 2015 six former Prime Ministers are alive:

  • Odvar Nordli born (1927-11-03) November 3, 1927 (age 87), served 1976–1981.
  • Kåre Willoch born (1928-10-03) October 3, 1928 (age 87), served 1981–1986.
  • Gro Harlem Brundtland born (1939-04-20) April 20, 1939 (age 76), served 1981, 1986–1989 and 1990–1996.
  • Kjell Magne Bondevik born (1947-09-03) September 3, 1947 (age 68), served 1997–2000 and 2001–2005.
  • Thorbjørn Jagland born (1950-11-05) November 5, 1950 (age 64), served 1996–1997.
  • Jens Stoltenberg born (1959-03-16) March 16, 1959 (age 56), served 2000–2001 and 2005–2013.


  1. ^ "NORWAY'S STRUGGLE WITH HER KING." (PDF). The New York Times. 11 November 1882. Retrieved 3 February 2009. 

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