Prime Minister of Portugal

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Prime Minister of the Portuguese Republic
Coat of arms of Portugal.svg
Flag of Portuguese Prime-Minister.svg
Antonio Costa 2014 (cropped).jpg
António Costa

since 26 November 2015
Style His/Her Excellency
Residence São Bento Palace
Lisbon, Portugal
Appointer President of Portugal
Term length 4 years maximum (Parliament can be dissolved sooner). No term limits.
Inaugural holder Pedro de Sousa Holstein, Marquess of Palmela
Formation 24 September 1834
Coat of arms of Portugal
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Prime Minister (Portuguese: primeiro-ministro) is the current title of the head of government of Portugal. As head of government, the Prime Minister coordinates the actions of ministers, represents the Government of Portugal to the other bodies of state, is accountable to Parliament and keeps the President informed. The Prime Minister can hold the role of head of government with the portfolio of one or more ministries.

There is no limit to the number of terms a person can serve as Prime Minister. The Prime Minister is nominated by the President of the Republic following legislative elections, after having heard the parties represented in the Parliament. Usually, the person named is the leader of the largest party in the previous election.


Since the Middle Ages, some officers of the Portuguese Crown gained precedence over the others, serving as a kind of prime ministers. Over time, the role of principal officer of the Crown fell upon the chanceler-mor (Chancellor), the mordomo-mor (Mayor of the Palace) and the escrivão da puridade (King's private secretary).

The first modern prime minister of Portugal was Pedro de Sousa Holstein, Marquess of Palmela, who was sworn in on 24 September 1834, as presidente do Conselho de Ministros (President of the Council of Ministers). In 1911, the official title of the prime minister became presidente do Ministério (president of the Ministry). In 1933, it became again presidente do Conselho de Ministros.

The present tile primeiro-ministro (Prime Minister), attributed to the head of the Government of Portugal, was officially established by the Constitution of 1976 after the revolution of 25 April 1974

Office Holders[edit]

The incumbent Prime Minister of Portugal is António Costa, who took office on 26 November 2015 as the 13th Prime Minister of the Third Portuguese Republic.[1] The official residence of the Prime Minister is a mansion next to São Bento Palace, which, in confusion, is also often called "São Bento Palace".

Portuguese Prime-Ministers:[2]

Graphical timeline (since 1974)[edit]

Prime Minister's Residence[edit]

The São Bento Mansion.

Just behind the main building of the Assembly of the Republic, there is a mansion that serves as residence and office for the Prime Minister of Portugal. The mansion, dated from 1877, was built within the garden of the old monastery that held the Portuguese Parliament. It has been the Prime Minister's official residence since 1938, when Salazar moved in. Although it is the official residence of the Prime Minister, not all incumbents have lived in the mansion during their term in office.

Living former Prime Ministers[edit]

There are nine living former Portuguese Prime Ministers:

See also[edit]


External links[edit]