Prime Minister of Samoa

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Prime Minister of the
Independent State of
Samoa
Coat of arms of Samoa.svg
Coat of arms of
the Independent State
of Samoa
Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi 2014 (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi

since 23 November 1998
Appointer Tufuga Efi
O le Ao o le Malo
Inaugural holder Albert Barnes Steinberger
Formation 22 May 1875
Coat of arms of Samoa.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Samoa

The Prime Minister of Samoa is the head of government of the Independent State of Samoa, a sovereign country located in the Pacific Ocean.

History of the office[edit]

The first Prime Minister of Samoa was Albert Barnes Steinberger, who originally represented the American government in the Samoan Islands but was close to German commercial interests. After the indigenous authorities of the islands adopted the Constitution of 1873, Steinberger was appointed Prime Minister by the King Malietoa Laupepa in July 1875. He hold this post for seven months before the British and American consuls in the country persuaded Laupepa to dismiss him, seeing his role as German interference in the islands. Over the next two decades, there was no Prime Minister in the country, and in 1899 Samoa fell under the colonial rule of the Western powers, being divided as a German colony and an American colony at the end of the Second Samoan Civil War, according to the terms of the Tripartite Convention.[1]

At the beginning of the World War I, German Samoa was occupied by New Zealand in 1914, and was subsequently organized as a trust territory of New Zealand in 1920. The territory gained independence in 1962 as the Independent State of Samoa. The Constitution, adopted in 1960 during the transitional period of autonomy, provides that the executive power is vested in the head of state (O le Ao o le Malo), elected by the Legislative Assembly, and who acts only on the recommendation of the government. The head of state has a ceremonial role. The real executive power is exercised by the Prime Minister and his cabinet. The Prime Minister is appointed by the head of state as a member of the Legislative Assembly who enjoys the confidence of a majority in the Legislative Assembly (Article 32 (2) (a)). The Prime Minister may be removed from office by the Legislative Assembly (Article 33 (1) (b)). Samoa is thus a parliamentary democracy based on the Westminster system.[2]

List of Prime Ministers of Samoa (1875–present)[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term Affiliation
1 Albert Barnes Steinberger.jpg Albert Barnes Steinberger
(1840–1894)
22 May 1875

8 February 1876
Independent
Post abolished (8 February 1876 – 1 October 1959)
2 No image.png Mata'afa Mulinu'u II
(1921–1975)
1 October 1959

25 February 1970
Independent
3 No image.png Tupua Tamasese Lealofi IV
(1922–1983)
25 February 1970

20 March 1973
Independent
(2) No image.png Mata'afa Mulinu'u II
(1921–1975)
20 March 1973

20 May 1975[note 1]
Independent
No image.png Tupua Tamasese Lealofi IV
(1922–1983)
Acting Prime Minister
21 May 1975

24 March 1976
Independent
4 Tupua Tamasese Tupuola Tufuga Efi 00.jpg Tufuga Efi
(1938–)
24 March 1976

13 April 1982
Independent
5 No image.png Va'ai Kolone
(1911–2001)
13 April 1982

18 September 1982
Human Rights Protection Party
(4) Tupua Tamasese Tupuola Tufuga Efi 00.jpg Tufuga Efi
(1938–)
18 September 1982

31 December 1982
Independent
6 No image.png Tofilau Eti Alesana
(1924–1999)
31 December 1982

30 December 1985
Human Rights Protection Party
(5) No image.png Va'ai Kolone
(1911–2001)
30 December 1985

8 April 1988
Human Rights Protection Party
(6) No image.png Tofilau Eti Alesana
(1924–1999)
8 April 1988

23 November 1998
Human Rights Protection Party
7 Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi 2014 (cropped).jpg Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi
(1945–)
23 November 1998

Incumbent
Human Rights Protection Party

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Died in office.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Malama Meleisea, Lagaga: A Short History of Western Samoa, Apia, University of the South Pacific, 1987, ISBN 982-02-0029-6, pp.83-85
  2. ^ Constitution of Samoa

External links[edit]