Prime Minister of Slovenia

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President of the Government of the Republic of Slovenia
Predsednik Vlade Republike Slovenije
Flag of the Prime Minister of Slovenia.svg
Janez Janša, Brussels (51614751895) (cropped).jpg
Janez Janša

since 3 March 2020[1]
Government of Slovenia
Office of the Prime Minister
StyleMr Prime Minister
President of the Government
(Slovene: Gospod predsednik vlade) (formal)
Mr President
(Slovene: Gospod predsednik) (informal)
His Excellency
(Slovene: Njegova ekscelenca) (diplomatic)
TypeHead of government
Member ofGovernment of Slovenia
European Council (EU)
Euro summit (EU)
National Security Council
North Atlantic Council (NATO)
Reports toNational Assembly
NominatorNational Assembly
Term lengthNo term limit
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Slovenia
Formation16 May 1990; 31 years ago (1990-05-16) (de facto)
23 December 1991; 29 years ago (1991-12-23) (de jure)
First holderLojze Peterle
Unofficial namesPremier
Salary76,586 annually[2]

The prime minister of Slovenia, officially the president of the Government of the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene: Predsednik Vlade Republike Slovenije), is the head of the Government of the Republic of Slovenia. There have been nine officeholders since the country gained parliamentary democracy in 1989 and independence in 1991.

The prime minister of Slovenia is nominated by the president of the Republic after consultation with the parties represented in the National Assembly. He is then formally elected by a simple majority of the National Assembly. If no candidate receives a majority, a new vote must be held within 14 days. If no candidate receives a majority after this round, the President must dissolve the legislature and call new parliamentary elections unless the National Assembly agrees to hold a third round. If no candidate is elected after a third round, then the legislature is automatically dissolved pending new elections. In practice, since the appointee must command a majority of the National Assembly in order to govern, he or she is usually the leader of the majority party in the National Assembly or the leader of the senior partner in the governing coalition. The National Assembly can only withdraw its support from a prime minister by way of a constructive vote of no confidence–that is, a motion of no confidence is of no effect unless a prospective successor has the support of a majority. The prime minister is also the president of the National Security Council.


The prime minister is elected by the National Assembly of Slovenia.

First round[edit]

Following the parliamentary election new National Assembly meets at the constitutive session (usually around 2-3 weeks after election; the president of the Republic convenes the session after receiving the official report on election from the State Election Commission), after which new parliamentary groups are officially formed. After all groups are formed (usually within few days), the president of the Republic meets with leaders of the groups for consultations. During the consultations, the president of the Republic tries to identify a candidate that could secure an absolute majority in the National Assembly (46 votes). After the consultations, the president of the Republic can officially propose a candidate to the president of the National Assembly, this has to be done within 30 days after the constitutive session. Assembly takes vote on the candidate within 7 days, but not earlier than 48 hours after proposal. Candidate has to present his vision of his government before the National Assembly before the vote. When a prime Minister is elected, the formation of a new government begins.

Second round[edit]

If there is no prime minister elected, the second round will take place. After new consultations, the president of the Republic can propose a new candidate or the same candidate again within 14 days of the first round vote. In the second round parliamentary groups and groups of 10 MPs can propose a candidate as well. Vote takes place no earlier than 48 hours from the proposal but not later than 7 days from it. If there are more candidates proposed, the National Assembly will first vote on the candidate proposed by the president of the Republic, only if that candidate is not elected, The assembly will take votes on other candidates in the order of submission of the proposals. A prime minister is elected with absolute majority (46 votes). When a prime minister is elected, formation of a new government begins.

If National Assembly once again fails to elect a Prime Minister, then President of the Republic will dissolve the National Assembly and call a snap election, unless the National Assembly decides, within 48 hours from the vote, to hold the third round of election.

Third round[edit]

In the third round, the prime minister is elected by a relative majority (majority of present MPs). Votes take place within 7 days from the decision but not earlier than 48 hours. In the third round, the National Assembly first votes on all the candidates from the first and second round, and if none of the candidates receives a majority of votes, then it will vote on new proposals, first on the proposal by the president of the Republic, then on the other in the order of submission. If a prime minister is elected formation of a new government begins, if not, the president dissolves the National Assembly and snap election takes place.

Oath of office[edit]

The prime minister officially takes office after all of his ministers take oath of office before the National Assembly, following the election of government with a relative majority in the National Assembly. The prime minister takes the oath of office after his election.

The prime minister and other ministers take the same oath of office according to the Article 104 of the Constitution: “I swear that I shall uphold the constitutional order, that I shall act according to my conscience and that I shall do all in my power for the good of Slovenia.

List of prime ministers of Slovenia[edit]

Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes[edit]

No. Portrait Name
Term of office Political party King of Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
Took office Left office Days
1 Josip pogacnik.jpg Jožef Pogačnik
31 October 1918 20 January 1919 81 Slovene People's Party
Peter I
Peter I Karadjordjevic of Serbia.jpg

Socialist Republic of Slovenia[edit]

Parties;   KPS / ZKS   SDP

No. Portrait Name
Term of office Political party
Prime Ministers
1 Boris Kidrič (1).jpg Boris Kidrič
5 May 1945 June 1946 Communist Party of Slovenia
2 Miha Marinko (2).jpg Miha Marinko
June 1946 1953 Communist Party of Slovenia
renamed in 1952 to
League of Communists of Slovenia
Presidents of the Executive Council
Miha Marinko (2).jpg Miha Marinko
1953 15 December 1953 League of Communists of Slovenia
3 Boris Kraigher 1958 (2).jpg Boris Kraigher
15 December 1953 25 June 1962 League of Communists of Slovenia
4 Viktor Avbelj 1961.jpg Viktor Avbelj
25 June 1962 1965 League of Communists of Slovenia
5 Janko Smole 1965 Crop.jpg Janko Smole
1965 1967 League of Communists of Slovenia
6 Stane Kavčič (1).jpg Stane Kavčič
1967 27 November 1972 League of Communists of Slovenia
7 Andrej Marinc (1).jpg Andrej Marinc
(born 1930)
27 November 1972 April 1978 League of Communists of Slovenia
8 Anton Vratuša.jpg Anton Vratuša
April 1978 July 1980 League of Communists of Slovenia
9 Janez Zemljarič (1).jpg Janez Zemljarič
(born 1928)
July 1980 23 May 1984 League of Communists of Slovenia
10 Unknown-person.gif Dušan Šinigoj
(born 1933)
23 May 1984 16 May 1990 League of Communists of Slovenia
Party of Democratic Renewal

Republic of Slovenia[edit]

Christian democrats (2);   SKD   SLS   NSi     Liberals (5);   LDS   PS   ZaAB   SMC   LMŠ
National conservatives (1);   SDS     Social democrats (1);   ZLSD / SD
No. Portrait Name
Term of office Political party Coalition National Assembly
Took office Left office Days
1 Lojze Peterle 2006-12-14.jpg Lojze Peterle
(born 1948)
16 May 1990 14 May 1992 729 SKD
2 Janez Drnovsek crop.jpg Janez Drnovšek
14 May 1992 25 January 1993 2,946 LDS I LDSDSSDSSSSZSZLSD 1 (1992)
25 January 1993 27 February 1997 II LDSSKDSDS (1993–1994)ZLSD (1993–1996)
27 February 1997 7 June 2000 III LDSSLSDeSUS 2 (1996)
3 Andrej Bajuk.jpg Andrej Bajuk
7 June 2000 4 August 2000 176 SLS SLSSKDSDS
4 August 2000 30 November 2000 NSi
(2) Janez Drnovsek crop.jpg Janez Drnovšek
30 November 2000 19 December 2002 749 LDS IV LDSSLSDeSUSZLSD 3 (2000)
4 Anton Rop.jpg Anton Rop
(born 1960)
19 December 2002 3 December 2004 715 LDS LDSSLSDeSUSZLSD
5 Janez Janša 2017.jpg Janez Janša
(born 1958)
3 December 2004 21 November 2008 1,449 SDS I SDSNSiSLSDeSUS 4 (2004)
6 Borut Pahor 2010.jpg Borut Pahor
(born 1963)
21 November 2008 10 February 2012 1,176 SD SDDeSUS (2008–2011)LDSZares (2008–2011) 5 (2008)
(5) Janez Janša 2017.jpg Janez Janša
(born 1958)
10 February 2012 20 March 2013 404 SDS II SDSNSiSLSDeSUSDL 6 (2011)
7 Alenka Bratušek-za splet (cropped).jpg Alenka Bratušek
(born 1970)
20 March 2013 31 May 2014 547 PS PSDeSUSDLSDZaAB
31 May 2014 18 September 2014 ZaAB
8 Miro Cerar 2018.jpg Miro Cerar
(born 1963)
18 September 2014 13 September 2018 1,456 SMC SMCSDDeSUS 7 (2014)
9 Marjan Šarec in Logatec 2017.jpg Marjan Šarec
(born 1977)
13 September 2018 3 March 2020 537 LMŠ LMŠSDSMCSABDeSUS 8 (2018)
(5) Janez Janša, Brussels (51614751895) (cropped).jpg Janez Janša
(born 1958)
3 March 2020 Incumbent 641 SDS III SDSSMCDeSUS (2020–2021)NSi


Marjan ŠarecMiro CerarAlenka BratušekBorut PahorJanez JanšaAnton RopAndrej BajukJanez DrnovšekLojze PeterleDušan ŠinigojJanez ZemljaričAnton VratušaAndrej MarincStane KavčičJanko SmoleViktor AvbeljBoris KraigherMiha MarinkoBoris Kidrič

Living former prime ministers[edit]

There are 6 former living prime ministers. Incumbent Prime Minister Janez Janša held the office between 2004-2008 and 2012-2013 as well. There were only two other prime ministers, Janez Drnovšek and Andrej Bajuk. Drnovšek died in 2008 and Bajuk in 2011.

Upon retirement former prime ministers do not receive any special honours or privileges. They are however entitled to a funeral with military honors.


No. Prime Minister Date of birth Age at inauguration
(first term)
Time in office
Age at retirement
(last term)
Date of death Longevity
1 Peterle, AlojzAlojz Peterle 5 July 1948(5 July 1948) 41 years, 315 days 1 year, 364 days 43 years, 314 days Living 73 years, 152 days (living)
2 Drnovšek, JanezJanez Drnovšek 17 May 1950(17 May 1950) 41 years, 363 days 10 years, 45 days 52 years, 216 days 23 February 2008 57 years, 282 days
3 Bajuk, AndrejAndrej Bajuk October 18, 1943(18 October 1943) 56 years, 233 days 176 days 57 years, 43 days 16 August 2011 67 years, 302 days
4 Rop, AntonAnton Rop 27 December 1960(27 December 1960) 41 years, 357 days 1 year, 350 days 43 years, 342 days Living 60 years, 342 days (living)
5 Janša, JanezJanez Janša 17 September 1958(17 September 1958) 46 years, 77 days ongoing Incumbent Living 63 years, 78 days (living)
6 Pahor, BorutBorut Pahor 2 November 1963(2 November 1963) 45 years, 19 days 3 years, 81 days 48 years, 100 days Living 58 years, 32 days (living)
7 Bratušek, AlenkaAlenka Bratušek 31 March 1970(31 March 1970) 42 years, 354 days 1 year, 182 days 44 years, 171 days Living 51 years, 248 days (living)
8 Cerar Jr., MiroslavMiroslav Cerar Jr. 25 August 1963(25 August 1963) 51 years, 24 days 3 years, 360 days 55 years, 19 days Living 58 years, 101 days (living)
9 Šarec, MarjanMarjan Šarec 2 December 1977(2 December 1977) 40 years, 285 days 1 year, 182 days 42 years, 102 days Living 44 years, 2 days (living)

Deputy prime minister[edit]

Deputy prime minister is an unofficial title given to certain ministers in the government (usually leaders of coalition parties other than that from which prime minister comes). Deputy prime minister does not have any additional duties to those that come with the office of minister. There are usually multiple deputy prime ministers in each government.

List of deputy prime ministers[edit]


  1. ^ "Janez Janša novi predsednik vlade, dobil je 52 poslanskih glasov".
  2. ^ " Pay Check". IG.

See also[edit]