Prime Minister of Slovenia

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President of the Government of the Republic of Slovenia
Predsednik Vlade Republike Slovenije
Flag of Slovenia.svg
Janez Janša at Helsinki 2018.jpg
Incumbent
Janez Janša

since 13 March 2020
Government of Slovenia
Office of the Prime Minister
StyleMr. Prime Minister or President of the Government
Slovene: Gospod predsednik vlade (formal)
Mr. President
Slovene: Gospod predsednik (informal)
His Excellency
Slovene: Njegova ekscelenca (in international correspondence and abroad only)
TypeHead of Government
Member ofGovernment of Slovenia
European Council (EU)
Euro summit (EU)
National Security Council
Also:
North Atlantic Council (NATO)
Reports toNational Assembly of the Republic of Slovenia
ResidenceNone
SeatGregorčičeva 25
1000 Ljubljana
Slovenia
also: Predsedniška palača
NominatorPresident of the Republic
or MPs (second and third round of election only)
AppointerNational Assembly
(with absolute majority)
Term lengthNo term limit
Serves at the pleasure of the National Assembly. After a parliamentary election, resignation, removal from office or impeachment, the officeholder remains in office and leads a caretaker government until a new government is elected.
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Slovenia
PrecursorPresident of the Executive Council of the Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Slovenia
Formation16 May 1990 (de facto, following the first democratic election)
23 December 1991 (de jure, following adoption of the current Constitution of Slovenia)
First holderLojze Peterle as President of the Executive Council until 23 December 2019, then as President of the Government
Unofficial namesPremier
DeputyDeputy Prime Minister
(not an official office, held by one or more members of the government)
Salary 76,586 annually[1]
Websitewww.vlada.si/predsednik_vlade/
Coat of arms of Slovenia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Slovenia

EU Member State
(Eurozone Member State)
(Schengen Area Member State)

NATO Member State
Council of Europe Member State
OECD Member State


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The prime minister of Slovenia, officially the president of the Government of the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene: Predsednik Vlade Republike Slovenije), is the head of the Government of the Republic of Slovenia. There have been nine officeholders since the country gained parliamentary democracy in 1989 and independence in 1991.

The prime minister of Slovenia is nominated by the president of the Republic after consultation with the parties represented in the National Assembly. He is then formally elected by a simple majority of the National Assembly. If no candidate receives a majority, a new vote must be held within 14 days. If no candidate receives a majority after this round, the President must dissolve the legislature and call new parliamentary elections unless the National Assembly agrees to hold a third round. If no candidate is elected after a third round, then the legislature is automatically dissolved pending new elections.

In practice, since the appointee must command a majority of the National Assembly in order to govern, he or she is usually the leader of the majority party in the National Assembly or the leader of the senior partner in the governing coalition. The National Assembly can only withdraw its support from a prime minister by way of a constructive vote of no confidence–that is, a motion of no confidence is of no effect unless a prospective successor has the support of a majority. The prime minister is also the president of the National Security Council.

Election[edit]

The prime minister is elected by the National Assembly of Slovenia.

First round[edit]

Following the parliamentary election new National Assembly meets at the constitutive session (usually around 2-3 weeks after election; the president of the Republic convenes the session after receiving the official report on election from the State Election Commission), after which new parliamentary groups are officially formed. After all groups are formed (usually within few days), the president of the Republic meets with leaders of the groups for consultations. During the consultations, the president of the Republic tries to identify a candidate that could secure an absolute majority in the National Assembly (46 votes). After the consultations, the president of the Republic can officially propose a candidate to the president of the National Assembly, this has to be done within 30 days after the constitutive session. Assembly takes vote on the candidate within 7 days, but not earlier than 48 hours after proposal. Candidate has to present his vision of his government before the National Assembly before the vote. When a prime Minister is elected, the formation of a new government begins.

Second round[edit]

If there is no prime minister elected, the second round will take place. After new consultations, the president of the Republic can propose a new candidate or the same candidate again within 14 days of the first round vote. In the second round parliamentary groups and groups of 10 MPs can propose a candidate as well. Vote takes place no earlier than 48 hours from the proposal but not later than 7 days from it. If there are more candidates proposed, the National Assembly will first vote on the candidate proposed by the president of the Republic, only if that candidate is not elected, The assembly will take votes on other candidates in the order of submission of the proposals. A prime minister is elected with absolute majority (46 votes). When a prime minister is elected, formation of a new government begins.

If National Assembly once again fails to elect a Prime Minister, then President of the Republic will dissolve the National Assembly and call a snap election, unless the National Assembly decides, within 48 hours from the vote, to hold the third round of election.

Third round[edit]

In the third round, the prime minister is elected by a relative majority (majority of present MPs). Votes take place within 7 days from the decision but not earlier than 48 hours. In the third round, the National Assembly first votes on all the candidates from the first and second round, and if none of the candidates receives a majority of votes, then it will vote on new proposals, first on the proposal by the president of the Republic, then on the other in the order of submission. If a prime minister is elected formation of a new government begins, if not, the president dissolves the National Assembly and snap election takes place.

Oath of office[edit]

The prime minister officially takes office after all of his ministers take oath of office before the National Assembly, following the election of government with a relative majority in the National Assembly. The prime minister takes the oath of office after his election.

The prime minister and other ministers take the same oath of office according to the Article 104 of the Constitution: “I swear that I shall uphold the constitutional order, that I shall act according to my conscience and that I shall do all in my power for the good of Slovenia.

List of prime ministers of Slovenia[edit]

Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes[edit]

Parties

Conservatives:

  •   SLS
No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party King of Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
(reign)
Took office Left office Days
1 Josip pogacnik.jpg Jožef Pogačnik (Knight)
(1866–1932)
31 October 1918 20 January 1919 81 Slovene People's Party (SLS)
Peter I
Peter I Karadjordjevic of Serbia.jpg

(1 December 1918–16 August 1921)

Socialist Republic of Slovenia[edit]

Parties
No. Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Term of office Political party
Prime Ministers
1945–1953
1 Boris Kidrič
(1912–1953)
Boris Kidrič (1).jpg 5 May 1945 June 1946 Communist Party of Slovenia
2 Miha Marinko
(1900–1983)
Miha Marinko (2).jpg June 1946 1953 Communist Party of Slovenia
renamed in 1952 to
League of Communists of Slovenia
Presidents of the Executive Council
1953–1991
Miha Marinko
(1900–1983)
Miha Marinko (2).jpg 1953 15 December 1953 League of Communists of Slovenia
3 Boris Kraigher
(1914–1967)
Boris Kraigher 1958 (2).jpg 15 December 1953 25 June 1962 League of Communists of Slovenia
4 Viktor Avbelj
(1914–1993)
Viktor Avbelj 1961.jpg 25 June 1962 1965 League of Communists of Slovenia
5 Janko Smole
(1921–2010)
Janko Smole 1965 Crop.jpg 1965 1967 League of Communists of Slovenia
6 Stane Kavčič
(1919–1987)
Stane Kavčič 1968.jpg 1967 27 November 1972 League of Communists of Slovenia
7 Andrej Marinc
(born 1930)
Andrej Marinc.jpg 27 November 1972 April 1978 League of Communists of Slovenia
8 Anton Vratuša
(1915–2017)
Anton Vratuša.jpg April 1978 July 1980 League of Communists of Slovenia
9 Janez Zemljarič
(born 1928)
Janez Zemljarič (1).jpg July 1980 23 May 1984 League of Communists of Slovenia
10 Dušan Šinigoj
(born 1933)
No image.png 23 May 1984 16 May 1990 League of Communists of Slovenia
(10) Party of Democratic Renewal

Republic of Slovenia[edit]

Parties

Christian democrats:

Liberals:

Conservatives:

Social democrats:


# Prime Minister Term of office Government National
Assembly
President of the Republic
Political party Took office Left Office Time in office Coalition
1 Lojze Peterle 2006-12-14.jpg Lojze Peterle
(born 1948)
16 May 1990 14 May 1992 729 I
centre-right majority government
C
1990
Milan Kučan

8 October 1991 -
22 December 2002
DEMOS SKDSDZSSDZSLSZS
2 Janez Drnovsek.jpg Janez Drnovšek
(1950–2008)
14 May 1992 25 January 1993 2,946 II
centrist majority government
1
1992
LDSDSSDSSSSZSZLSD
25 January 1993 27 February 1997 III
centrist majority government (1993-1996)
centrist minority government (1996-1997)
LDSSKDSDS (1993–1994)–ZLSD (1993–1996)
27 February 1997 7 June 2000 IV
centrist majority government
2
1996
Liberal Democracy of Slovenia (LDS) LDSSLSDeSUS
3 Andrej Bajuk.jpg Andrej Bajuk
(1943–2011)
7 June 2000 30 November 2000 176 V
centre-right minority government
Slovenian People's Party (SLS+SKD)
later New Slovenia (NSi) SLSSKDSDS
(2) Janez Drnovsek.jpg Janez Drnovšek
(1950–2008)
30 November 2000 19 December 2002 749 VI
centrist majority government
3
2000
Liberal Democracy of Slovenia (LDS) LDSSLSDeSUSZLSD
4 Anton Rop
(born 1960)
19 December 2002 3 December 2004 715 VII
centrist majority government
Janez Drnovšek

22 December 2002 -
23 December 2007
Liberal Democracy of Slovenia (LDS) LDSSLSDeSUSZLSD
5 Janez Janša
(born 1958)
3 December 2004 21 November 2008 1,449 VIII
centre-right majority government
4
2004
Slovenian Democratic Party (SDS) SDSNSiSLSDeSUS Danilo Türk

23 December 2007 -
22 December 2012
6 Borut Pahor
(born 1963)
21 November 2008 10 February 2012 1,176 IX
centre-left majority government (2008-2011)
centre-left minority government (2011-2012)
5
2008
Social Democrats (SD) SDDeSUS (2008–2011)–LDSZares (2008–2011)
(5) Janez Janša
(born 1958)
10 February 2012 20 March 2013 404 X
centre-right majority government
6
2011
Slovenian Democratic Party (SDS) SDSNSiSLSDeSUSDL Borut Pahor

22 December 2012 -
present
7 Alenka Bratušek
(born 1970)
20 March 2013 18 September 2014 547 XI
centre-left majority government
Positive Slovenia (PS)
later Alliance of Alenka Bratušek (ZaAB) PSDeSUSDLSDZaAB
8 Miro Cerar 2014-07-13.jpg Miro Cerar
(born 1963)
18 September 2014 13 September 2018 1,456 XII
centre-left majority government
7
2014
Modern Centre Party (SMC) SMCDeSUSSD
9 Marjan Šarec in Logatec 2017.jpg Marjan Šarec
(born 1977)
13 September 2018 13 March 2020 547 XIII
centre-left minority government
8
2018
List of Marjan Šarec (LMŠ) LMŠSDSMCSABDeSUS
(5) Janez Janša
(born 1958)
13 March 2020 Incumbent 229 XIV
centre-right majority government
Slovenian Democratic Party (SDS) SDSSMCNSiDeSUS

Timeline[edit]

Marjan ŠarecMiro CerarAlenka BratušekBorut PahorJanez JanšaAnton RopAndrej BajukJanez DrnovšekLojze PeterleDušan ŠinigojJanez ZemljaričAnton VratušaAndrej MarincStane KavčičJanko SmoleViktor AvbeljBoris KraigherMiha MarinkoBoris Kidrič

Living former prime ministers[edit]

There are 6 former living prime ministers. Incumbent Prime Minister Janez Janša held the office between 2004-2008 and 2012-2013 as well. There were only two other prime ministers, Janez Drnovšek and Andrej Bajuk. Drnovšek died in 2008 and Bajuk in 2011.

Upon retirement former prime ministers do not receive any special honours or privileges. They are however entitled to a funeral with military honors.

Statistics[edit]

No. Prime Minister Date of birth Age at inauguration
(first term)
Time in office
(total)
Age at retirement
(last term)
Date of death Longevity
1 Peterle, AlojzAlojz Peterle 5 July 1948(5 July 1948) 41 years, 315 days 1 year, 364 days 43 years, 314 days Living 72 years, 115 days (living)
2 Drnovšek, JanezJanez Drnovšek 17 May 1950(17 May 1950) 41 years, 363 days 10 years, 45 days 52 years, 216 days 23 February 2008 57 years, 282 days
3 Bajuk, AndrejAndrej Bajuk October 18, 1943(18 October 1943) 56 years, 233 days 176 days 57 years, 43 days 16 August 2011 67 years, 302 days
4 Rop, AntonAnton Rop 27 December 1960(27 December 1960) 41 years, 357 days 1 year, 350 days 43 years, 342 days Living 59 years, 306 days (living)
5 Janša, JanezJanez Janša 17 September 1958(17 September 1958) 46 years, 77 days ongoing Incumbent Living 62 years, 41 days (living)
6 Pahor, BorutBorut Pahor 2 November 1963(2 November 1963) 45 years, 19 days 3 years, 81 days 48 years, 100 days Living 56 years, 361 days (living)
7 Bratušek, AlenkaAlenka Bratušek 31 March 1970(31 March 1970) 42 years, 354 days 1 year, 182 days 44 years, 171 days Living 50 years, 211 days (living)
8 Cerar Jr., MiroslavMiroslav Cerar Jr. 25 August 1963(25 August 1963) 51 years, 24 days 3 years, 360 days 55 years, 19 days Living 57 years, 64 days (living)
9 Šarec, MarjanMarjan Šarec 2 December 1977(2 December 1977) 40 years, 285 days 1 year, 182 days 42 years, 102 days Living 42 years, 331 days (living)

Deputy prime minister[edit]

Deputy prime minister is an unofficial title given to certain ministers in the government (usually leaders of coalition parties other than that from which prime minister comes). Deputy prime minister does not have any additional duties to those that come with the office of minister. There are usually multiple deputy prime ministers in each government.

List of deputy prime ministers[edit]

Government Deputy Prime Ministers Took office Left office
Prime Minister Name Party Other functions in the government
I

Lojze Peterle

Mitja Malešič None; responsible for social activities 16 May 1990 14 May 1992
Jože Mencinger None; responsible for economy 16 May 1990 8 May 1991
Andrej Ocvirk None; responsible for economy 8 May 1991 14 May 1992
Leopold Šešerko None; responsible for environment and regional development 16 May 1990 14 May 1992
II

Janez Drnovšek

Jože Pučnik SDSS None 14 May 1992 25 January 1993
Herman Rigelnik LDS None 14 May 1992 25 January 1993
Viktor Žakelj LDS None 14 May 1992 25 January 1993
X

Janez Janša

Radovan Žerjav SLS Minister of Economic Development and Technology 10 February 2010 25 February 2013
Karl Erjavec DeSUS Minister of Foreign Affairs 10 February 2010 22 February 2013
Ljudmila Novak NSi Minister without portfolio for Slovenians Abroad 10 February 2010 20 March 2013
XI

Alenka Bratušek

Dejan Židan SD Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Food 20 March 2013 18 September 2014
Gregor Virant DL Minister of the Interior and Public Administration 20 March 2013 18 September 2014
Karl Erjavec DeSUS Minister of Foreign Affairs 20 March 2013 18 September 2014
XII

Miro Cerar

Boris Koprivnikar SMC Minister of Public Administration 18 September 2014 13 September 2018
Karl Erjavec DeSUS Minister of Foreign Affairs 18 September 2014 13 September 2018
Dejan Židan SD Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Food 18 September 2014 13 September 2018
XIII

Marjan Šarec

Andrej Bertoncelj LMŠ Minister of Finance 13 September 2018 13 March 2020
Jernej Pikalo SD Minister of Education, Science and Sport 13 September 2018 13 March 2020
Miro Cerar SMC Minister of Foreign Affairs 13 September 2018 13 March 2020
Alenka Bratušek SAB Minister of Infrastructure 13 September 2018 13 March 2020
Karl Erjavec DeSUS Minister of Defence 13 September 2018 13 March 2020
XIV

Janez Janša

Zdravko Počivalšek SMC Minister of Economic Development and Technology 13 March 2020 Incumbent
Matej Tonin NSi Minister of Defence 13 March 2020 Incumbent
Aleksandra Pivec DeSUS Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Food 13 March 2020 Incumbent

References[edit]

  1. ^ "IG.com Pay Check". IG.

See also[edit]