Prime Minister of Somalia

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Prime Minister of the
Federal Republic of Somalia
Ra'iisul wasaaraha Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliyeed
Coat of arms of Somalia.svg
Omarasharmarke2.jpg
Incumbent
Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke

since 24 December 2014
Style His Excellency
Appointer Hassan Sheikh Mohamud,
as President of Somalia
Inaugural holder Abdullahi Issa Mohamud
Formation 29 February 1956
Deputy Deputy Prime Minister of Somalia
Coat of arms of Somalia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Somalia

The Prime Minister of Somalia (Somali: Ra'iisul wasaaraha Soomaaliya) is the head of government of Somalia. There have been 18 official prime ministers since the office was created in 1956. The first Prime Minister was Abdullahi Issa Mohamud, who served prior to independence in the Trust Territory of Somaliland. The incumbent Prime Minister of the Federal Government of Somalia is Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke.

Prime Ministers of Somalia[edit]

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Colour key
(for political parties)

Trust Territory of Somaliland[edit]

Prime Minister Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Took office Left office Duration
1 Noimage.png Abdullahi Issa Mohamud
(1921–1988)
29 February 1956 1 July 1960 4 years, 123 days Somali Youth League

Somali Republic[edit]

Prime Minister Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Took office Left office Duration
2 Noimage.png Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal
(1928–2002)
1 July 1960 12 July 1960 11 days Somali Youth League
3 Abdirashid Ali Shermarke1.jpg Abdirashid Ali Shermarke
(1919–1969)
12 July 1960 14 June 1964 3 years, 338 days Somali Youth League
4 Noimage.png Abdirizak Haji Hussein
(1924–2014)
14 June 1964 15 July 1967 3 years, 31 days Somali Youth League
(2) Noimage.png Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal
(1928–2002)
15 July 1967 21 October 1969
(Deposed)
2 years, 98 days Somali Youth League

Somali Democratic Republic[edit]

Prime Minister Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Took office Left office Duration
5 Noimage.png Mohamed Farah Salad 1 November 1969 March 1970 5 months Military
Post Abolished (March 1970–1 February 1987)
6 Noimage.png Muhammad Ali Samatar
(1931–)
1 February 1987 3 September 1990 3 years, 214 days Somali Revolutionary Socialist Party
7 Noimage.png Muhammad Hawadle Madar 3 September 1990 24 January 1991
(Deposed)
143 days Somali Revolutionary Socialist Party

Somali Civil War[edit]

Prime Minister Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Took office Left office Duration
8 Noimage.png Umar Arteh Ghalib
(1930–)[1]
24 January 1991 May 1993[2][1] 2 years United Somali Congress
Vacant (May 1993–8 October 2000)[1]

Transitional National Government[edit]

Status
  Denotes Acting Prime Minister
Prime Minister Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Took office Left office Duration
9 Dr. Ali Khalif Galaydh Photo.JPG Ali Khalif Galaydh
(1941–)
8 October 2000 28 October 2001 1 year, 20 days Independent
Noimage.png Osman Jama Ali
(1941–)
28 October 2001 12 November 2001 15 days Independent
10 Noimage.png Hassan Abshir Farah
(1945–)
12 November 2001 8 December 2003 2 years, 26 days Independent
11 Noimage.png Muhammad Abdi Yusuf 8 December 2003 3 November 2004 331 days Independent

Transitional Federal Government[edit]

Status
  Denotes Acting Prime Minister
Prime Minister Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Took office Left office Duration
12 Ali Mohammed Ghedi in Kenya.jpg Ali Mohammed Ghedi
(1952–)
3 November 2004 29 October 2007 2 years, 360 days Independent
Noimage.png Salim Aliyow Ibrow 29 October 2007 24 November 2007 26 days Independent
13 Noimage.png Nur Hassan Hussein
(1938–)
24 November 2007 14 February 2009 1 year, 82 days Independent
14 Omarasharmarke2.jpg Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke
(1960–)
14 February 2009 21 September 2010 1 year, 219 days Independent
Noimage.png Abdiwahid Elmi Gonjeh 24 September 2010 31 October 2010 37 days Independent
15 Farmaajohd13.png Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed
(1962–)
31 October 2010 19 June 2011 231 days Independent
16 Cabdiweli Maxamed Cali.jpg Abdiweli Mohamed Ali
(1965–)
19 June 2011 20 August 2012 1 year, 62 days Independent

Federal Republic of Somalia[edit]

Prime Minister Term of office Political party
Portrait Name
(Born–Died)
Took office Left office Duration
(16) Cabdiweli Maxamed Cali.jpg Abdiweli Mohamed Ali
(1965–)
20 August 2012 17 October 2012 58 days Independent
17 Abdifarshird1.jpg Abdi Farah Shirdon
(1958–)
17 October 2012 21 December 2013 1 year, 65 days Independent
18 Abdiwelisheikhahmed12a.jpg Abdiweli Sheikh Ahmed
(1959–)
21 December 2013 24 December 2014 1 year, 3 days Independent
(14) Omarasharmarke2.jpg Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke
(1960–)
24 December 2014 Incumbent 254 days Independent

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c From November 1991 to 2000, there was no recognized central government. The southern part of the country was controlled by different faction leaders; notably General Mohamed Farrah Aidid, who claimed to be President from 15 June 1995 to his death on 1 August 1996, followed by his son Hussein Farrah Aidid from 4 August 1996 to 20 March 1998. Decentralization took place in other areas, characterized by a return to customary and religious law in many places as well as the establishment of autonomous regional governments in the northern part of the country.
  2. ^ De facto remained in office to 3 January 1997

See also[edit]

References[edit]