List of prime ministers of Somalia

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Prime Minister of the
Federal Republic of Somalia
Ra'iisul wasaaraha Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliyeed
Flag of Somalia.svg
HassanBarre.jpg
Incumbent
Hamza Abdi Barre

since 26 June 2022
Federal Government of Somalia
StyleMr. Prime Minister
(informal)
His Excellency
(diplomatic)
StatusHead of government
AbbreviationPM
Reports to
Residenceprime minister office
SeatMogadishu
AppointerPresident
(with the approval of the parliament of Somalia)
Term lengthNo term limit
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Somalia
Inaugural holderAbdullahi Issa
Formation29 February 1956
DeputyDeputy Prime Minister of Somalia
Websiteopm.gov.so

This is a list of prime ministers of Somalia. The prime minister of Somalia (Somali: Ra'iisul wasaaraha Soomaaliya) is the head of government of Somalia. There have been 22 official prime ministers since the office was created in 1956. The first prime minister was Abdullahi Issa, who served prior to independence in the Trust Territory of Somaliland. The current prime minister of the Federal Republic of Somalia is Hamza Abdi Barre,[1] approved by the House of the People on 25 June 2022.[2]

List[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party Election
Took office Left office Time in office
Flag of Italy.svgTrust Territory of Somaliland (1956–1960) • Italian Somaliland COA.svg
Abdullahi Issa
Abdullahi Issa
(1921–1988)
29 February 19561 July 19604 years, 123 daysSYL1956
1959
Flag of Somalia.svgSomali Republic (1960–1969) • Coat of arms of Somalia.svg
1
Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal
Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal
(1928–2002)
1 July 196012 July 196011 daysSYL
2
Abdirashid Shermarke
Abdirashid Shermarke
(1919–1969)
12 July 196014 June 19646 years, 337 daysSYL
3
Abdirizak Haji Hussein
Abdirizak Haji Hussein
(1924–2014)
14 June 196415 July 196731 daysSYL1964
(2)
Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal
Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal
(1928–2002)
[a]
15 July 196721 October 19692 years, 98 daysSYL1969
Flag of Somalia.svgSomali Democratic Republic (1969–1991) • Coat of arms of Somalia.svg
Post Abolished (21 October 1969–1 February 1987)
5
Ismail Ali Abokor
Ismail Ali Abokor
(born 1937)
1 March 197126 January 198210 years, 331 daysSRSP
6
Mohammad Ali Samatar
Mohammad Ali Samatar
(1931–2016)
1 February 19873 September 19903 years, 214 daysSRSP
7
Hawadle Madar
Hawadle Madar
(1939–2005)
[b]
3 September 199024 January 1991143 daysSRSP
Flag of Somalia.svgInterim Government of Somalia (1991–1997) • Coat of arms of Somalia.svg
8
Umar Ghalib
Umar Ghalib
(1930–2020)
[c]
24 January 1991May 1993
(De facto to 3 January 1997)
5 years, 345 daysUSC
Vacant (May 1993–8 October 2000)[c]
Flag of Somalia.svgTransitional national government of Somalia (2000–2004) • Coat of arms of Somalia.svg
9
Ali Khalif Galaydh
Ali Khalif Galaydh
(1941–2020)
8 October 200028 October 20011 year, 20 daysIndependent
Osman Jama Ali
Osman Jama Ali
(born 1941)
Acting
28 October 200112 November 200115 daysIndependent
10
Hassan Abshir Farah
Hassan Abshir Farah
(1945–2020)
12 November 20018 December 20032 years, 26 daysIndependent
11
Muhammad Abdi Yusuf
Muhammad Abdi Yusuf
(born 1941)
8 December 200323 December 20041 year, 15 daysIndependent
Flag of Somalia.svgTransitional federal government of Somalia (2004–2012) • Coat of arms of Somalia.svg
12
Ali Mohammed Ghedi
Ali Mohammed Ghedi
(born 1952)
23 December 200430 October 2007
(Resigned)
2 years, 311 daysIndependent
Salim Aliyow Ibrow
Salim Aliyow Ibrow
(born 1942)
Acting
30 October 200724 November 200725 daysIndependent
13
Nur Hassan Hussein
Nur Hassan Hussein
(1937–2020)
24 November 200714 February 20091 year, 82 daysIndependent
14
Omar Sharmarke
Omar Sharmarke
(born 1960)
14 February 200924 September 20101 year, 222 daysIndependent
Abdiwahid Gonjeh
Abdiwahid Gonjeh
(born 1962)
Acting
24 September 20101 November 201038 daysIndependent
15
Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed
Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed
(born 1962)
1 November 201019 June 2011230 daysIndependent
16
Abdiweli Gaas
Abdiweli Gaas
(born 1965)
19 June 201120 August 20121 year, 62 daysIndependent
Flag of Somalia.svgFederal Republic of Somalia (2012–present) • Coat of arms of Somalia.svg
Abdiweli Gaas
Abdiweli Gaas
(born 1965)
Acting
20 August 201217 October 201258 daysIndependent
17
Abdi Farah Shirdon
Abdi Farah Shirdon
(born 1958)
17 October 201221 December 20131 year, 65 daysIndependent
18[3]
Abdiweli Sheikh Ahmed
Abdiweli Sheikh Ahmed
(born 1959)
21 December 201324 December 20141 year, 3 daysIndependent
(14)
Omar Sharmarke
Omar Sharmarke
(born 1960)
24 December 20141 March 20172 years, 67 daysIndependent2016
19[4]
Hassan Ali Khaire
Hassan Ali Khaire
(born 1968)
1 March 201725 July 20203 years, 146 daysIndependent
Mahdi Mohammed Gulaid
Mahdi Mohammed Gulaid
(born 1973)
Acting
25 July 202023 September 202060 daysIndependent
20
Mohamed Hussein Roble
Mohamed Hussein Roble
(born 1963)
23 September 202026 June 20221 year, 276 daysIndependent
21[5]
Hamza Abdi Barre
Hamza Abdi Barre
(born 1974)
26 June 2022[2]Incumbent10 daysUnion for Peace and Development Party2021–22

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Deposed in the 1969 Somali coup d'état.
  2. ^ Deposed in the Somali Rebellion.
  3. ^ a b From November 1991 to 2000, there was no recognized central government. The southern part of the country was controlled by different faction leaders; notably General Mohamed Farrah Aidid, who claimed to be President from 15 June 1995 to his death on 1 August 1996, followed by his son Hussein Farrah Aidid from 4 August 1996 to 20 March 1998. Decentralization took place in other areas, characterized by a return to customary and religious law in many places as well as the establishment of autonomous regional governments in the northern part of the country.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Somali president appoints Hamza Abdi Barre as prime minister". nationalpost.com/.
  2. ^ a b Khalif, Abdulkadir (25 June 2022). "Somalia parliament unanimously endorses Hamza Barre as Prime Minister". The EastAfrican. Retrieved 26 June 2022.
  3. ^ "The New Prime Minister of Somalia: Getting off to a Good Start". hiiraan.com. 30 December 2013. Retrieved 19 June 2022.
  4. ^ "Somalia: Former PM Hassan Kheire Announces His Candidacy for President". allafrica.com. 12 September 2020. Retrieved 19 June 2022.
  5. ^ "Daawo Muuqaal: Madaxweyne Xasan Sheekh oo Xamse Cabdi Barre Raiisul wasaare u magacaabay". puntlandes.com. 15 June 2022. Retrieved 19 June 2022.

References[edit]