Prime Minister of Somalia

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Prime Minister of the
Federal Republic of Somalia
Ra'iisul wasaaraha Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliyeed
Coat of arms of Somalia.svg
Omarasharmarke4.jpg
Incumbent
Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke

since 24 December 2014
Style His Excellency
Appointer Hassan Sheikh Mohamud,
as President of Somalia
Inaugural holder Abdullahi Issa Mohamud
Formation 29 February 1956
Deputy Deputy Prime Minister of Somalia
Coat of arms of Somalia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Somalia

The Prime Minister of Somalia (Somali: Ra'iisul wasaaraha Soomaaliya) is the head of government of Somalia. There have been 17 official prime ministers since the office was created in 1956. The first Prime Minister was Abdullahi Issa Mohamud, who served prior to independence in the Trust Territory of Somaliland. The incumbent Prime Minister of the Federal Republic of Somalia is Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke.

List[edit]

Name Portrait Birth–Death Elected Took office Left office Political party
State Ensign of Italy.svgTrust Territory of Somaliland (1956–1960) • Italian Somaliland COA.svg
1 Abdullahi Issa Mohamud Abdullahi Issa Mohamud.jpg 1921–1988 1956
1959
29 February 1956 1 July 1960 Somali Youth League
Flag of Somalia.svgSomali Republic (1960–1969) • Coat of arms of Somalia.svg
2 Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal Mohammed Haaji Ibrahim Cigaal.jpg 1928–2002 1 July 1960 12 July 1960 Somali Youth League
3 Abdirashid Ali Shermarke No image.png 1919–1969 12 July 1960 14 June 1964 Somali Youth League
4 Abdirizak Haji Hussein No image.png 1924–2014 1964 14 June 1964 15 July 1967 Somali Youth League
(2) Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal Mohammed Haaji Ibrahim Cigaal.jpg 1928–2002 1969 15 July 1967 1 November 1969 Somali Youth League
Flag of Somalia.svgSomali Democratic Republic (1969–1991) • Coat of arms of Somalia.svg
Post Abolished (1 November 1969–1 February 1987)
5 Mohammad Ali Samatar Mohamed Ali Samatar.png 1931–2016 1 February 1987 3 September 1990 Somali Revolutionary Socialist Party
6 Muhammad Hawadle Madar No image.png 1939–2005 3 September 1990 24 January 1991
(Deposed)
Somali Revolutionary Socialist Party
Flag of Somalia.svgInterim Government of Somalia (1991–1997) • Coat of arms of Somalia.svg
7 Umar Arteh Ghalib[1] No image.png 1930– 24 January 1991 May 1993
(De facto to 3 January 1997)[1]
United Somali Congress
Vacant (May 1993–8 October 2000)[1]
Flag of Somalia.svgTransitional National Government of Somalia (2000–2004) • Coat of arms of Somalia.svg
8 Ali Khalif Galaydh Dr. Ali Khalif Galaydh Photo.JPG 1941– 8 October 2000 28 October 2001 Independent
Osman Jama Ali
Acting Prime Minister
No image.png 1941– 28 October 2001 12 November 2001 Independent
9 Hassan Abshir Farah No image.png 1945– 12 November 2001 8 December 2003 Independent
10 Mohamed Abdi Yusuf No image.png 1945– 8 December 2003 23 December 2004 Independent
Flag of Somalia.svgTransitional Federal Government of Somalia (2004–2012) • Coat of arms of Somalia.svg
11 Ali Mohammed Ghedi Ali Mohammed Ghedi in Kenya.jpg 1952– 23 December 2004 30 October 2007
(Resigned)
Independent
Salim Aliyow Ibrow
Acting Prime Minister
No image.png 1942– 30 October 2007 24 November 2007 Independent
12 Nur Hassan Hussein No image.png 1938– 24 November 2007 14 February 2009 Independent
13 Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke Omarasharmarke4.jpg 1960– 14 February 2009 24 September 2010 Independent
Abdiwahid Elmi Gonjeh
Acting Prime Minister
No image.png 1962– 24 September 2010 1 November 2010 Independent
14 Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed Farmaajohd13.png 1962– 1 November 2010 19 June 2011 Independent
15 Abdiweli Mohamed Ali Cabdiweli Maxamed Cali.jpg 1965– 19 June 2011 20 August 2012 Independent
Flag of Somalia.svgFederal Republic of Somalia (2012–present) • Coat of arms of Somalia.svg
(15) Abdiweli Mohamed Ali
Acting Prime Minister
Cabdiweli Maxamed Cali.jpg 1965– 20 August 2012 17 October 2012 Independent
16 Abdi Farah Shirdon Abdi Farah Shirdon (cropped).jpg 1958– 17 October 2012 21 December 2013 Independent
17 Abdiweli Sheikh Ahmed Abdiwelisheikhahmed12a.jpg 1959– 21 December 2013 24 December 2014 Independent
(13) Omar Abdirashid Omarasharmarke4.jpg 1960– 24 December 2014 Incumbent Independent

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c From November 1991 to 2000, there was no recognized central government. The southern part of the country was controlled by different faction leaders; notably General Mohamed Farrah Aidid, who claimed to be President from 15 June 1995 to his death on 1 August 1996, followed by his son Hussein Farrah Aidid from 4 August 1996 to 20 March 1998. Decentralization took place in other areas, characterized by a return to customary and religious law in many places as well as the establishment of autonomous regional governments in the northern part of the country.

See also[edit]

References[edit]