Prime Minister of Tonga

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Prime Minister of the
Kingdom of Tonga
Coat of arms of Tonga.svg
Coat of arms of
the Kingdom of Tonga
Akilisi Pohiva ITU 2016.jpg
Incumbent
ʻAkilisi Pōhiva

since 30 December 2014
Appointer Tupou VI
King of Tonga
Inaugural holder Tēvita ʻUnga (Premier)
Fatafehi Tuʻipelehake (Prime Minister)
Formation 1876 (Premier)
1970 (Prime Minister)
Coat of arms of Tonga.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Tonga

The Prime Minister (until 1970, Premier) of Tonga heads the government of the Kingdom of Tonga (His Majesty's government), while the King is the official head of the executive power.[1]

The office of Prime Minister was established by the Constitution of 1875, whose article 51 stipulates that the Prime Minister and other ministers are appointed and dismissed by the King.[2]

2000s democratization[edit]

During the 2000s, the country experienced an increase in democratization. In March 2006, King Tāufaʻāhau Tupou IV appointed Dr. Feleti Sevele, a moderate member of the Human Rights and Democracy Movement, as Prime Minister. Sevele was the first commoner to hold this post since Shirley Waldemar Baker in 1881. All the prime ministers since Baker had been members of the nobility, or even the royal family.[3]

In July 2008, King George Tupou V announced more substantial democratic reforms. He would abandon the essential part of his executive powers, and would henceforth follow the custom of monarchies such as the United Kingdom, exercising his prerogatives only with the Prime Minister's advice. In addition, he would no longer appoint the Prime Minister anyone he wished, but would appoint a member of the Legislative Assembly to be elected by the Legislative Assembly.[4][5][6]

List of Premiers/Prime Ministers of Tonga (1876–present)[edit]

Prime Minister Took office Left office Time in office Party
1
Tēvita ʻUnga
Unga, TēvitaHRH Crown Prince
Tēvita ʻUnga
(c.1824–1879)
1 January 187618 December 1879 †3 years, 351 daysIndependent
Vacant (18 December 1879 – April 1881)
2
Shirley Waldemar Baker
Baker, Shirley WaldemarShirley Waldemar Baker
(1836–1903)
April 1881July 18909 years, 3 monthsIndependent
3
Siaosi U. Tukuʻaho
Tukuʻaho, Siaosi U.Hon.
Siaosi U. Tukuʻaho
(1854–1897)
July 189018932–3 yearsIndependent
4
Siosateki Veikune
Veikune, SiosatekiHon.
Siosateki Veikune
(1853–1913)
1893January 190511–12 yearsIndependent
5
Sione Mateialona
Mateialona, SioneHon.
Sione Mateialona
(1852–1925)
January 190530 September 19127 years, 7 monthsIndependent
6
Tevita Tuʻivakano
Tuʻivakano, TevitaHon.
Tevita Tuʻivakano
(1869–1923)
30 September 191230 June 192310 years, 304 daysIndependent
7
Viliami Tungī Mailefihi CBE
Mailefihi, Viliami TungīHon.
Viliami Tungī Mailefihi CBE
(1887–1941)
30 June 192320 July 194118 years, 20 daysIndependent
8
Solomone Ula Ata OBE
Ata, Solomone UlaHon.
Solomone Ula Ata OBE
(1883–1950)
20 July 194112 December 19498 years, 145 daysIndependent
9
Taufa'ahau Tungi KBE
Tungi, Taufa'ahauHRH Crown Prince
Taufa'ahau Tungi KBE
(1918–2006)
[a]
12 December 194916 December 196516 years, 4 daysIndependent
10
Fatafehi Tuʻipelehake CBE
Tuʻipelehake, FatafehiHRH Prince
Fatafehi Tuʻipelehake CBE
(1922–1999)
16 December 196522 August 199125 years, 249 daysIndependent
11
Siaosi Tuʻihala ʻAlipate Vaea Tupou
Tupou, SiaosiHRH Baron
Siaosi Tuʻihala ʻAlipate Vaea Tupou
(1921–2009)
22 August 19913 January 20008 years, 134 daysIndependent
12
ʻAhoʻeitu ʻUnuakiʻotonga Tukuʻaho
Tukuʻaho, AhoʻeituHRH
ʻAhoʻeitu ʻUnuakiʻotonga Tukuʻaho
(born 1959)
[b]
3 January 200011 February 20066 years, 39 daysIndependent
13
Feleti Sevele
Sevele, FeletiDr.
Feleti Sevele
(born 1944)
30 March 200622 December 20104 years, 314 daysHRDM
14
Siale ʻAtaongo Kaho, Lord Tuʻivakanō
Tuʻivakanō, SialeʻataongoHon.
Siale ʻAtaongo Kaho, Lord Tuʻivakanō
(born 1952)
22 December 201030 December 20144 years, 8 daysIndependent
15
ʻAkilisi Pōhiva
Pōhiva, AkilisiʻAkilisi Pōhiva
(born 1941)
30 December 2014Incumbent3 years, 260 daysDPFI

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Later King Taufa'ahau Tupou IV.
  2. ^ Later King Tupou VI.

References[edit]

External links[edit]