Prime Minister of Tonga

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Prime Minister of the
Kingdom of Tonga
Coat of arms of Tonga.svg
Coat of arms of
the Kingdom of Tonga
Semisi Sika May 2019.jpg
Incumbent
Semisi Sika
Acting

since 12 September 2019
AppointerKing of Tonga
Inaugural holderTēvita ʻUnga (Premier)
Fatafehi Tuʻipelehake (Prime Minister)
Formation1876 (Premier)
1970 (Prime Minister)
Coat of arms of Tonga.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Tonga
Constitution
Administrative divisions

The prime minister of Tonga (historically referred to as the premier) is the country's head of government. Tonga is a monarchy with the king, currently Tupou VI, as head of state.[1] Semisi Sika has served as acting prime minister since the death of ʻAkilisi Pōhiva on 12 September 2019.

The office of prime minister was established by the Constitution of 1875, whose article 51 stipulates that the prime minister and other ministers are appointed and dismissed by the King.[2]

2000s democratization[edit]

During the 2000s, the country experienced an increase in democratization. In March 2006, King Tāufaʻāhau Tupou IV appointed Dr. Feleti Sevele, a moderate member of the Human Rights and Democracy Movement, as Prime Minister. Sevele was the first commoner to hold this post since Shirley Waldemar Baker in 1881. All the prime ministers since Baker had been members of the nobility, or even the royal family.[3]

In July 2008, King George Tupou V announced more substantial democratic reforms. He would abandon the essential part of his executive powers, and would henceforth follow the custom of monarchies such as the United Kingdom, exercising his prerogatives only with the Prime Minister's advice. In addition, he would no longer appoint the Prime Minister anyone he wished, but would appoint a member of the Legislative Assembly to be elected by the Legislative Assembly.[4][5][6]

List of Premiers/Prime Ministers of Tonga (1876–present)[edit]

No. Prime Minister Took office Left office Time in office Party Monarch
1
Tēvita ʻUnga
Unga, TēvitaHRH Crown Prince
Tēvita ʻUnga
(c.1824–1879)
1 January 187618 December 1879 †3 years, 351 daysIndependentGeorge Tupou I
Vacant (18 December 1879 – April 1881)
2
Shirley Waldemar Baker
Baker, Shirley WaldemarShirley Waldemar Baker
(1836–1903)
April 1881July 18909 years, 3 monthsIndependentGeorge Tupou I
3
Siaosi U. Tukuʻaho
Tukuʻaho, Siaosi U.Hon.
Siaosi U. Tukuʻaho
(1854–1897)
July 189018932–3 yearsIndependentGeorge Tupou I
4
Siosateki Veikune
Veikune, SiosatekiHon.
Siosateki Veikune
(1853–1913)
1893January 190511–12 yearsIndependentGeorge Tupou II
5
Sione Mateialona
Mateialona, SioneHon.
Sione Mateialona
(1852–1925)
January 190530 September 19127 years, 7 monthsIndependentGeorge Tupou II
6
Tevita Tuʻivakano
Tuʻivakano, TevitaHon.
Tevita Tuʻivakano
(1869–1923)
30 September 191230 June 192310 years, 304 daysIndependentGeorge Tupou II
Sālote Tupou III
7
Viliami Tungī Mailefihi CBE
Mailefihi, Viliami TungīHon.
Viliami Tungī Mailefihi CBE
(1887–1941)
30 June 192320 July 194118 years, 20 daysIndependentSālote Tupou III
8
Solomone Ula Ata OBE
Ata, Solomone UlaHon.
Solomone Ula Ata OBE
(1883–1950)
20 July 194112 December 19498 years, 145 daysIndependentSālote Tupou III
9
Taufa'ahau Tungi KBE
Tungi, Taufa'ahauHRH Crown Prince
Taufa'ahau Tungi KBE
(1918–2006)
[a]
12 December 194916 December 196516 years, 4 daysIndependentSālote Tupou III
10
Fatafehi Tuʻipelehake CBE
Tuʻipelehake, FatafehiHRH Prince
Fatafehi Tuʻipelehake CBE
(1922–1999)
16 December 196522 August 199125 years, 249 daysIndependentTāufaʻāhau Tupou IV
11
Siaosi Tuʻihala ʻAlipate Vaea Tupou
Tupou, SiaosiHRH Baron
Siaosi Tuʻihala ʻAlipate Vaea Tupou
(1921–2009)
22 August 19913 January 20008 years, 134 daysIndependentTāufaʻāhau Tupou IV
12
ʻAhoʻeitu ʻUnuakiʻotonga Tukuʻaho
Tukuʻaho, AhoʻeituHRH
ʻAhoʻeitu ʻUnuakiʻotonga Tukuʻaho
(born 1959)
[b]
3 January 200011 February 20066 years, 39 daysIndependentTāufaʻāhau Tupou IV
13
Feleti Sevele
Sevele, FeletiDr.
Feleti Sevele
(born 1944)
30 March 200622 December 20104 years, 314 daysHRDMTāufaʻāhau Tupou IV
George Tupou V
14
Siale ʻAtaongo Kaho, Lord Tuʻivakanō
Tuʻivakanō, SialeʻataongoHon.
Siale ʻAtaongo Kaho, Lord Tuʻivakanō
(born 1952)
22 December 201030 December 20144 years, 8 daysIndependentGeorge Tupou V
Tupou VI
15
ʻAkilisi Pōhiva
Pōhiva, AkilisiʻAkilisi Pōhiva
(1941–2019)
30 December 201412 September 2019 †4 years, 256 daysDPFITupou VI
Semisi Sika Acting
Sika, SemisiSemisi Sika
Acting

(born 1968)
12 September 2019present7 daysDPFITupou VI

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Later King Taufa'ahau Tupou IV.
  2. ^ Later King Tupou VI.

References[edit]

External links[edit]