Head of Government of Tunisia

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Head of Government of the Tunisian Republic
رئيس حكومة الجمهورية التونسية
Coat of arms of Tunisia.svg
Coat of Arms of Tunisia
Incumbent
Youssef Chahed

since 27 August 2016
Residence Dar El Bey[fr], Tunis, Tunisia
Appointer Beji Caid Essebsi,
as President of Tunisia
Term length No term limited
Inaugural holder Mustapha Dinguizli
Formation May 1922
Website www.pm.gov.tn
Coat of arms of Tunisia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Tunisia
Foreign relations

This page lists the holders of the office of Head of Government of Tunisia (French: chef du gouvernement tunisien). The post was called Prime Minister until the Revolution, though that title is still used by many sources outside of Tunisia. The office was created in May 1922. Mustapha Dinguizli was thus Tunisia's first Prime Minister in the modern sense. Prior to that, Tunisia had traditional Muslim-style viziers.

Appointment[edit]

After the election, the President nominate the candidate of the party which gained the most votes to form a government within a month. The nominee must submit its program to the Assembly of the Representatives of the People and get the trust of the majority of its members before being formally appointed the Head of Government by the President. If it fails to form a government or if it does not get the confidence, the President initiates consultations with the political parties to find the best candidate. If, four months after the election, the Assembly did not give confidence in the Head of Government, the President can call new election.

The Head of the Government swears to the following oath in the presence of the President:

I swear by Almighty God to work faithfully for the good of Tunisia, to respect its Constitution and laws, scrupulously to their interests and serve loyally.

Constitutional powers[edit]

The powers of the Head of Government are established by the current Constitution of Tunisia of 2014. Under Articles 91, 92 and 94, the Head of Government sets the State's general policy except for foreign policy and domestic security. They are responsible for:

  • Creating, amending and dissolving ministries (Except ministries of Defence and Foreign Affairs which require the president's approval).
  • Creating, amending and dissolving public institutions, public entities and administrative departments.
  • Issuing governmental decrees after consulting the Council of Ministers.
  • Shall endorse and sign, where appropriate, regulatory orders issued by ministers.
  • Request the parliament to give vote of confidence to their government.

The Head of Government, together with the President, represent Tunisia at home and abroad.

List[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Party Head of State
(Reign / Term)
Grand Viziers of the Beylik of Tunis
1 No image.png Yusuf Sahib al-Tabi
يوسف صاحب الطابع
(c. 1765–1815)
1800 23 January 1815 Independent
2 No image.png Mohamed Arbi Zarrouk Khaznadar
محمد العربي زروق خزندار
(1760–1822)
1815 1822 Independent
3 No image.png Husain Khoja
حسين خوجة
(?–1857)
1822 1829 Independent
4 No image.png Rashid al-Shakir Sahib al-Taba'a
شاكير صاحب الطابع
(c. 1790–1837)
1829 1837 Independent
5 Khazdadar.JPG Mustapha Khaznadar
مصطفى خزندار
(1817–1878)
1837 22 October 1873 Independent
6 Kheireddine Pacha high.JPG Hayreddin Pasha
خير الدين باشا التونسي
(1822–1890)
22 October 1873 21 July 1877 Independent
7 No image.png Mohammed Khaznadar
محمد خزندار
(c. 1810–1889)
21 July 1877 24 August 1878 Independent
8 Mustapha Ben Smaïl.JPG Mustapha Ben Ismail
أبو النخبة مصطفى بن اسماعيل
(c. 1850–1887)
24 August 1878 12 September 1881 Independent
(7) No image.png Mohammed Khaznadar
محمد خزندار
(c. 1810–1889)
12 September 1881 October 1882 Independent
9 Mohamed Aziz Bouattour.jpg Aziz Bouattour
محمد العزيز بوعتور
(1825–1907)
October 1882 4 February 1907 Independent
10 No image.png M'hamed Djellouli
امحمّد جلولي
(1834–1908)
18 February 1907 June 1908[1] Independent
11 No image.png Youssef Djait
يوسف جعيط
(1830–1915)
June 1908 June 1915 Independent
12 Mohamed Taieb Djellouli.jpg Taïeb Djellouli
الطيب جلولي
(1857–1944)
October 1915 May 1922 Independent
Prime Ministers of the Beylik of Tunis
1 Mustapha dinguizli.jpg Mustapha Dinguizli
مصطفى الدنقزلي
(1865–1926)
May 1922 20 October 1926[1] Independent
2 Khelil Bouhageb.png Khelil Bouhageb
خليل بوحاجب
(1863–1942)
3 November 1926 2 March 1932 Independent
3 Portrait of Hédi lakhoua by Hédi khayachi.jpg Hédi Lakhoua
الهادي الأخوة
(1872–1949)
2 March 1932 31 December 1942 Independent
4 M'hamed Chenik.jpg Mohamed Chenik
محمد شنيق
(1889–1976)
1 1 January 1943 15 May 1943 Independent
5 Slaheddine Baccouche.jpg Slaheddine Baccouche
صلاح الدين البكوش
(1883–1959)
1 15 May 1943 21 July 1947 Independent Muhammad VIII al-Amin
محمد الثامن الأمين
Lamine Bey.jpg

(1943–1956)

6 Mustapha Kaak.jpg Mustapha Kaak
مصطفى الكعاك
(1893–1984)
21 July 1947 17 August 1950 Independent
(4) M'hamed Chenik.jpg Mohamed Chenik
محمد شنيق
(1889–1976)
2 17 August 1950 26 March 1952 Independent
(5) Slaheddine Baccouche.jpg Slaheddine Baccouche
صلاح الدين البكوش
(1883–1959)
2 12 April 1952 2 March 1954 Independent
7 Ms mzali.jpg Mohamed Salah Mzali
محمد الصالح مزالي
(1896–1984)
2 March 1954 6 July 1954 Independent
No image.png Georges Dupoizat
(1909–1975)
Acting Prime Minister
6 July 1954 7 August 1954 Independent
8 Tahar Ben Ammar.jpg Tahar Ben Ammar
الطاهر بن عمار
(1889–1985)
7 August 1954 20 March 1956 Destour
Prime Ministers of the Kingdom of Tunisia
(8) Tahar Ben Ammar.jpg Tahar Ben Ammar
الطاهر بن عمار
(1889–1985)
20 March 1956 11 April 1956 Destour Muhammad VIII al-Amin
محمد الثامن الأمين
Lamine Bey.jpg

(1956–1957)

9 Portrait Habib Bourguiba.jpg Habib Bourguiba
حبيب بورقيبة
(1903–2000)
11 April 1956 25 July 1957[2] Neo Destour
Prime Ministers of the Tunisian Republic
Post abolished (25 July 1957 – 7 November 1969)[3] Habib Bourguiba
حبيب بورقيبة
Portrait Habib Bourguiba.jpg

(1957–1987)

10 Bahi Ladgham.jpg Bahi Ladgham
الباهي الأدغم
(1913–1998)
7 November 1969 2 November 1970 Socialist Destourian Party
11 Hedi nouira cropped.jpg Hedi Amara Nouira
الهادي نويرة
(1911–1993)
2 November 1970 23 April 1980 Socialist Destourian Party
12 Mohamed mzali.jpg Mohammed Mzali
محمد مزالي
(1925–2010)
23 April 1980 8 July 1986 Socialist Destourian Party
13 RACHID SFAR ancien Premier Ministre Tunisien.jpg Rachid Sfar
رشيد صفر
(1933–)
8 July 1986 2 October 1987 Socialist Destourian Party
14 Zine El Abidine Ben Ali.jpg Zine El Abidine Ben Ali
زين العابدين بن علي
(1936–)
2 October 1987 7 November 1987[4] Socialist Destourian Party
15 Baccouche.jpg Hédi Baccouche
الهادي البكوش
(1930–)
7 November 1987 27 September 1989 Socialist Destourian Party
(until 1988)
Zine El Abidine Ben Ali
زين العابدين بن علي
Zine El Abidine Ben Ali.jpg

(1987–2011)

(15) Democratic Constitutional Rally
16 Hamed Karoui 1970.jpg Hamed Karoui
حامد القروي
(1927–)
27 September 1989 17 November 1999 Democratic Constitutional Rally
17 Mohamed Ghannouchi.jpg Mohamed Ghannouchi
محمد الغنوشي
(1941–)
1 17 November 1999 27 February 2011[5] Democratic Constitutional Rally
(until 18 January 2011[6])
(17) 2 Independent Fouad Mebazaa
فؤاد المبزع
Fouad Mebazaa 15 jan 2011.jpg

(2011)

18 Beji Caid el Sebsi at the 37th G8 Summit in Deauville 006.jpg Beji Caid Essebsi
الباجي قائد السبسي
(1926–)
27 February 2011 24 December 2011 Independent
Heads of Government of the Tunisian Republic
19 Hamadi Jebali - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2012-1 (cropped).jpg Hamadi Jebali
حمادي الجبالي
(1949–)
24 December 2011 14 March 2013 Ennahda Movement Moncef Marzouki
المنصف المرزوقي
Moncef Marzouki2.jpg

(2011–2014)

20 Portrait de Ali Laarayedh.jpg Ali Laarayedh
علي العريّض
(1955–)
14 March 2013 29 January 2014[7] Ennahda Movement
21 Mehdi Jomaa 2013-06-18.jpg Mehdi Jomaa
مهدي جمعة
(1962–)
29 January 2014[7] 6 February 2015 Independent
22 HabibEssid.jpg Habib Essid
حبيب الصيد
(1949–)
6 February 2015 27 August 2016 Independent Beji Caid Essebsi
الباجي قائد السبسي
Béji Caïd Essebsi 2015-05-20.jpg

(2014–)

23 No image.png Youssef Chahed
يوسف الشاهد
(1975–)
27 August 2016 Incumbent Nidaa Tounes

Timeline[edit]

Youssef Chahed Habib Essid Mehdi Jomaa Ali Laarayedh Hamadi Jebali Beji Caid Essebsi Mohamed Ghannouchi Hamed Karoui Hédi Baccouche Zine El Abidine Ben Ali Rachid Sfar Mohammed Mzali Hedi Amara Nouira Bahi Ladgham Habib Bourguiba Tahar Ben Ammar

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Died in office.
  2. ^ Deposed Muhammad VIII al-Amin and became President.
  3. ^ During this interval the Secretary of the Presidency, Bahi Ladgham, acted as the de facto Prime Minister.
  4. ^ Deposed Bourguiba in a coup d'état and became President.
  5. ^ Resigned during the Revolution.
  6. ^ "Tunisia: New government leaders quit ruling party". BBC News. 18 January 2011. 
  7. ^ a b "Tunisia's new government of independents sworn in". Daily News Egypt. 29 January 2014. Retrieved 29 January 2014. 

See also[edit]

External links[edit]