Uruguayan Primera División
|Number of teams||16|
|Level on pyramid||1 out of 3|
|Relegation to||Segunda División|
|International cup(s)|| Copa Libertadores
|Most championships||Club Nacional de Football (46)|
|Top goalscorer||Fernando Morena (230)|
|TV partners||Tenfield, Gol TV|
Liga Profesional de Primera División [ˈliɣa pɾofesjoˈnal de pɾiˈmeɾa ðiβiˈsjon] (English: First Division Professional League) also known as the Primera División (local: [pɾiˈmeɾa ðiβiˈsjon]) (English: First Division) is the highest professional football league in Uruguay and organized by the Uruguayan Football Association (AUF) .
The first championship was held in 1900, being an amateur competition until 1932 when the league became professional. From 1900 to the 2014–15 season there have been 111 first division seasons.
The Primera División, called "Torneo Uruguayo Copa Coca-Cola" for sponsorship reasons, is regarded as the 23rd most difficult football league in the 21st century by the International Federation of Football History & Statistics.
After 1994, the competition was divided in two stages, called the Opening Championship (Torneo Apertura) and Closing Championship (Torneo Clausura), with an end-of-season two-legged final match between the winners of these two tournaments.
In the 2005–06 season, the winners of the Apertura and Clausura tournaments played a two (or three) legged play-off; the winner of that playoff played against the best team in the aggregate table to decide the 2005–06 season champion.
In the 2006–07 season, the competition was reduced to 16 clubs.
Originally, like other South American football leagues, the league was contested according to the calendar year, from austral summer to summer in the Southern Hemisphere. In 2005, the league started to play the "European season", from boreal summer to summer in Northern Hemisphere starting in August, with the aim of preventing clubs from losing many players in the middle of the season. In the first semester of 2005, a special tournament was held to decide the qualification to international competition.
The season of 2008–09 was intended to be the last one to be played in "European season", as the system appeared to be unable to prevent clubs from losing players between the Apertura (opening) tournament and the Clausura (closing). As of 2010 the European calendar style remains, but before the beginning of each season there have been talks to change it back to a year calendar, so far without result, until on the year 2016 when they agreed to change it back to a year calendar. So since 2017 to present, the league will have its original calendar year system.
A total of 57 teams have participated in the Primera Division since its inception in 1900. The Nacional has played the most seasons followed by Peñarol. Of the so-called 'minor' teams the record for most seasons lies with Montevideo Wanderers.
Notes: All statistics pertain only to the Uruguayan Championships organized by the Uruguayan Football Association (AUF), not including FUF tournaments of 1923, 1924 and the 1926 Interim Council tournament in seasons counted. The founding dates of equipment are those declared by the clubs themselves involved. The column "stadium" reflects the stadium where the team acts as the local times in their matches, but does not indicate that the equipment in question owns the stadium.
|Boston River||Trinidad||Juan Antonio Lavalleja||6,000|
|Danubio||Montevideo||Jardines Del Hipódromo||14,401|
|Defensor Sporting||Montevideo||Luis Franzini||18,000|
|Juventud||Las Piedras||Parque Artigas||5,500|
|Montevideo Wanderers||Montevideo||Parque Alfredo Víctor Viera||7,420|
|Nacional||Montevideo||Gran Parque Central||23,500|
|Peñarol||Montevideo||Campeón del Siglo||40,000|
|Rampla Juniors||Montevideo||Estadio Olímpico||9,500|
|River Plate||Montevideo||Parque Federico Omar Saroldi||5,624|
|Sud América||San José||Casto Martínez Laguarda||6,000|
|Villa Española||Montevideo||Obdulio Varela||8,000|
The Uruguayan Championship began in 1900. Between 1923 and 1925, under the Uruguayan football schism, coexisted with the AUF (Uruguayan Football Association) the FUF (Uruguayan Football Federation), dissident organ founded by Peñarol and Central. After intervention by the Uruguayan government to impose the dissolution of the FUF, in 1926 takes place a tournament in two series conducted by the Interim Council to unify the two organizations. Peñarol was the winner of the Serie A of the tournament. Note that the Football Association nor the FIFA do not recognize the titles of the championships organized by FUF or Provisional Council.
Nacional is the most successful Uruguayan club with 45 titles, followed by Peñarol with 43. Of clubs to win titles, only Rampla Juniors did not win multiple titles. Rampla Juniors and Wanderers were the only clubs to not win titles consecutively. Nacional hold the record title streak, winning three titles in a row twice from 1915 to 1917 and from 1922 to 1924.
It took 54 seasons before a club besides Peñarol or Nacional won a title, when Defensor won its first title 1976. Besides Peñarol or Nacional, no other club has won titles consecutively. Both Peñarol (1958 to 1962 and 1993 to 1997) and Nacional (from 1939 to 1943) hold the record title streaks winning five titles consecutively. The longest period of time since either Peñarol or Nacional won a title was from 1987 to 1991, when Defensor, Danubio, Progreso, Bella Vista, and Defensor Sporting together won five titles in that period.
Champions by season
All tournaments organized by the Uruguayan Football Association (AUF) except where it indicated.
This chart includes the leading scorer by season so there are no records for the period 1900–31.
Titles by club
|CURCC / Peñarol [f]||48||41||1900, 1901, 1905, 1907, 1911, 1918, 1921, 1928, 1929, 1932, 1935, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1944, 1945, 1949, 1951, 1953, 1954, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1967, 1968, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1978, 1979, 1981, 1982, 1985, 1986, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2003, 2009–10, 2012–13, 2015–16|
|Nacional||46||42||1902, 1903, 1912, 1915, 1916, 1917, 1919, 1920, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1933, 1934, 1939, 1940, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1946, 1947, 1950, 1952, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1963, 1966, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1977, 1980, 1983, 1992, 1998, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2005, 2005–06, 2008–09, 2010–11, 2011–12, 2014–15, 2016|
|Montevideo Wanderers||4||9||1906, 1909, 1923, 1931|
|Defensor Sporting||4||7||1976, 1987, 1991, 2007–08|
|Danubio||4||3||1988, 2004, 2006–07, 2013–14|
|River Plate FC||4||0||1908, 1910, 1913, 1914|
All-time top scorers
The chart includes championships since 1900 to present days.
|10||Juan Peregrino Anselmo||1922–35||102||180|
- The 1904 championship was not played due to the Battle of Masoller.
- The 1925 championship was not finished because of internal differences.
- The "Consejo Provisorio" put up a competition for the Uruguayan clubs that year so the Uruguayan Football Association did not organize any tournament.
- No championship was played because of the 1930 FIFA World Cup.
- The 1948 championship was not finished due to a players strike.
- Peñarol includes in its honours the championships won by CURCC (1900, 1901, 1905, 1907 and 1911).
- Controversy exists on the date of the founding of Club Atlético Peñarol under continuity or not the club with the Central Uruguay Railway Cricket Club. The club's official position assumes a change of nominating former club founded on December 28, 1891. The other figure position as an original club Peñarol founded on December 13, 1913. Moreover, founding dates Tank Defender and referenced to the original foundation of the football team and do not take into account future mergers with other entities that these clubs had.
- The stadium presented exclusively by Club Atlético Peñarol is the José Pedro Damiani, but in practice it never dispute their home games at the stadium, leasing the city-owned Estadio Centenario. For their part, Cerro Largo as Juventud and El Tanque Sisley, present the Ubilla, Artigas Park and Olympic Champions respectively, as their exclusive stadium, but is important to clarify that is not theirs, being municipal property..
- "Hasta ahora se jugaron 109 Uruguayos" on Ovación Digital
- Uruguay - List of Champions at RSSSF
- Tabeira, Martín (October 28, 2010). "Uruguay - League Top Scorers". RSSSF. Retrieved December 22, 2010.
- "Uruguay All-Time Topscorers" at RSSSF
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