Primera Fuerza

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Primera Fuerza
Country Mexico Mexico
Founded 1902
Folded 1943; 74 years ago (1943)
Number of teams 37
Level on pyramid 1
Domestic cup(s) Copa Mexico
Most championships Real Club España (14 titles)

The Liga Mexicana de Fútbol Amateur Association, known as the Primera Fuerza, was an amateur football league founded in Mexico in 1902 with five clubs: "Orizaba A.C.", "Pachuca A.C.", "Reforma A.C.", "Mexico Cricket Club" and "British Club". Orizaba won the league in its inaugural year. A total of 37 teams took part in this league from 1902 until 1943, when football in Mexico went professional.

History[edit]

Prior to the Liga Mayor, there was no national football league in Mexico and football competitions were held within relatively small geographical regions. The winners of the Primera Fuerza, a local league consisting of teams in and around Mexican Federal District, was considered[by whom?] the national competition. There were other regional leagues such as the Liga Veracruzana, Liga Occidental and Liga del Bajío that also had notable clubs. Many club owners were not keen on the idea of establishing a professional league, despite paying players under the table. With the increasing demand for football, there was a sense of urgency to unite all the local amateur leagues in Mexico to progress as a football nation. The professional national league was finally established in 1943.[1]

The people who pushed Mexico football were Percy C. Clifford and Robert J. Blackmoore. This brought the rules of play and the first regulatory balls. English Alfred Crowle, who played for Pachuca since 1908, also had considerable influence on the sport.

In 1910 Mexico Football Club is founded, the first team formed by Alfredo B. Cuellar headed Mexican, Jorge Alberto Gomez de Parada and Sierra, then promoted by other foreign colonies: the Amicale Française in 1911, the Rovers and the Real Club Spain in 1912, the Spanish Sports Center in 1914, the Germania FV in 1915, the Catalonia in 1917, Asturias F.C. in 1918, and in 1919 Aurrerá.

Club America, founded on the union of two Marist College in 1916, was the first important team composed of Mexicans in the Mexican capital and achieved to win four consecutive championships between 1924 and 1928.

From the fusion of Sinaloa, Lusitania, Condesa, and U53 Atlante born, whose components were proletarian extraction; their leaders were the Trinidad and Refugio Martinez brothers.

While between 1918 and 1920 the teams Cuenta y Administración, Guerra y Marina y Son-Sin resulted in the team Esparta, which was then rebranded as Marte, brilliant team that never became popular, and even in the professional era and would move to Cuernavaca.

Regularly attended clubs outside the Federal District as Pachuca, Puebla AC, Veracruz Sporting Club, Iberia de Córdoba, Moctezuma de Orizaba, Orizaba AC, Tigre de Veracruz, Veracruz Spain, these being the most successful of them, Pachuca was crowned in seasons 1904-05, 1917–18 and 1919-20.

In 1919 there was a split in the Mexican League, shortly before the start of the season. Clubs Real Club España and España Veracruz solidly connected with expulsion from the club Tigres, withdrew from the League and founded on 9 February its own circuit called the Liga Nacional. As this idea went nowhere, Albinegros scheduled a series of friendly matches to remain active, with so many rivals like España de Orizaba who was defeated 9-0 on 20 October 1919, or their wins 4-0 and 2-0 against Tigres, 2-0 on the Río Blanco and the achievements of Copa Alfonso XIII in a three-game series against Reforma and the Copa Elche in two games against Asturias.

The power and influence of the Hispanic teams was such that the press of the time chose to cover their sports facilities to those meetings. Spain interference on means, suitable to be published little news about the Liga Mexicana, of which only is known that Pachuca won the trophy and the Copa Tower was suspended before completion.

The separation of the two leagues in the 1920-21 season specific; Liga Nacional included America, Real Club España, Luz y Fuerza, Amicale and Reforma. Meanwhile the Liga Mexicana had the participation of Asturias, Internacional, México, Morelos and Germania. Immediately after the founding of the first Federación Mexicana de Futbol, the clubs fought for two years to form a single competition in August 1922 that they called Campeonato de Primera Fuerza de la FMF. That is, both tournaments were unified and the direct ancestor of the current Primera División was born. Serious this league, whose members prompted the creation of the first National team (which would dispute the first official competitions abroad of Mexican football) and also the Federación.[2]

In 1930-31 season, the tournament was suspended after 2 days, when Asturias, Atlante, Germany, Mexico and Marte requested permission to remodel Campo Asturias (not to be confused with the Parque Asturias, built until 1936) which was in poor condition, to make their home games there; to the disagreement of Club España, Necaxa (both who owned their own parks) and the America seconded. This coupled with the conflict arose with the Real Federación Española de Fútbol, which had asked the Mexican Football Federation to disable Gaspar Rubio who had signed for Club España. It got to the point of suspension of the three clubs who unsuccessfully tried to make a parallel tournament and the Federation decided to suspend the tournament to definitively resolve administrative problems. After months of fighting, smoothed asperities and competition were refounded under the name Liga Mayor, to organize two competitions: the Preferente consisted of six teams, and the Primera Ordinaria, that served as a promotion circuit. This competition had durability and grew to cluster up to 16 teams.

Necaxa, founded by members of Compañía de Luz y Fuerza del Centro, was an unforgettable dynasty in the decade 1930-40 known as the "11 brothers"; the first team to win promotion, won four league tournaments and two Cup, becoming the first Campeonísimo of Mexico. Among the ranks of the "11 brothers" also arises a top Mexican soccer legends: Horacio Casarín.

In the 1938-39 season a foreign team was included when the Basque Country national football team arrived in Mexico. In 1937, during the Spanish Civil War, the first Basque President José Antonio Aguirre, had decided to send a Basque football team abroad in order to raise funds for the civil war that was taking place in Spain. When their homeland was captured by their enemies the players dared not return home. The Basques, under the name Club Deportivo Euzkadi, were allowed into the league and developed a fierce rivalry with traditional all Spanish teams (Club España and Asturias) and despite winning 13 of the 17 games played, they came out of the tournament as runners-up to Asturias. At the end of the season, the team disbanded and the players became part of the Liga Mayor teams or other leagues latinoamericanas.[3]

In 1940-41 Selección Jalisco joined Liga Mayor, formed by elements of Guadalajara, Atlas, Nacional, y Oro. This team had played a series of friendly matches between 1926 and 1930 as part of promotional tours by Liga de Occidente, however that season they integrated indefinitely as a club of Liga Mayor.

Clubs participating in the league[edit]

British Club in 1903
Club Years of Activity
América [4] 1917/18-1942/43
Asturias [5] 1919/20-1942/43
Atlante 1927/28-1942/43
Atlas 1921/22
Aurrerá 1923/24-1928/29
British Club [6] 1902/03-1912/13
Deportivo Español [7] 1914/15-1916/17, 1918/19-1919/20
Deportivo Internacional 1920/21
Club España 1912/13-1929/30, 1932/33-1942/43
España B 1915/16-1917/18
España Veracruz 1918/19-1919/20
Euzkadi [8] 1938/39
Germania [9] 1915/16-1916/17, 1918/19-1932/33
Guadalajara 1921/22
L'Amicale Française [10] 1914/15, 1921/22
Marina y Guerra [11] 1922/23
Iberia de Córdoba 1921/22
Junior [12] 1917/18
Leonés 1931/32-1932/33
Luz y Fuerza [13] 1921/22-1922/23
Marte 1928/29-1932/33
1937/38-1942/43
Mexico Cricket Club 1902/03-1907/08
México FC 1912/13-1917/18, 1919/20-1929/30, 1932/33-1933/34
Moctezuma 1940/41-1942/43
Morelos 1920/21-1921/22
Necaxa 1923/24-1942/43
ADO 1902/03-1903/04, 1921/22
Pachuca 1902/03-1919/20, 1921/22
Popo Park 1909/10
Puebla [14] 1904/05-1906/07
Reforma [6] 1902/03-1914/15, 1921/22, 1923/24
Rovers [6] 1912/13-1913/14
Jalisco 1940/41-1942/43
Son-Sin [11] 1923/24
Veracruz Sporting 1921/22, 1931/32-1932/33
Tigres [12] 1918/19-1919/20
Tranvias [13] 1922/23

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ http://www.rsssf.com/tablesm/mexhist.html Tablas de la conclusión del Primera Fuerza con RSSSF.com
  3. ^ http://www.rsssf.com/tablesm/mexchamp.html Lista de los Duenos de México con RSSSF.com
  4. ^ América played its first two tournaments under the name Centro Unión.
  5. ^ Asturias was founded by migrants from the Spanish community of Asturias.
  6. ^ a b c British Club was a club founded in 1902 and was the successor of Club Britania, founded in 1899. Percy Clifford played and took part in its establishment; he also helped found the football team within the older Reforma AC around 1900 as well as Rovers FC Mexico in 1912.
  7. ^ Deportivo Español was founded by member's of Club España who weren't satisfied with the club.
  8. ^ Club Deportivo Euzkadi had been the national team of the Basque Country in Spain, previously called Euzkadiko selekzioa. They travelled to Mexico because of the on-going Spanish Civil War. The team only played one season in Mexico before being broken up. Most of the players stayed on in the Americas, but a few returned to play in Spain.
  9. ^ Germania FV was founded by and consisted mainly of local Germans.
  10. ^ French founded Amicale Française in 1911. The team consisted mainly of local French migrants.
  11. ^ a b This club was founded by the Marines in Mexico, and consisted mainly of Marines serving at that time and played under the name of "Marina y Guerra". One year later, the name was changed to "Son-Sin", a short name for the two Mexican states called Sonora (Son) and Sinaloa (Sin) which had a strong influence in the Mexican Army at that time. Soon the club folded, but was re-established under the name of Marte some years later.
  12. ^ a b In 1915 Junior Club was founded and changed its name to Tigres UANL in 1918.
  13. ^ a b The teams Luz y Fuerza and the corporation from "Tranvías" merged and created Necaxa in 1923.
  14. ^ Puebla AC was founded in 1897 as an Athletic club playing mostly tennis. It has no relation to Puebla FC, which was founded in 1944.

List of all Primera Fuerza Champions[edit]

Season Champion Coach Runner-up
1902-03 Orizaba AC Scotland Duncan Macomish Reforma
1903–04 México Cricket France Claude M. Butlin Reforma
1904–05 Pachuca England Charles Grenfell British FC
1905–06 Reforma England Thomas R. Phillips San Pedro Golf Club
1906–07 Reforma England Thomas R. Phillips British FC
1907–08 British FC England Percy Clifford Mexico Country Club
1908–09 Reforma England Thomas R. Phillips Pachuca
1909–10 Reforma England Thomas R. Phillips Popo Park FC
1910–11 Reforma England Thomas R. Phillips Pachuca
1911–12 Reforma England Thomas R. Phillips British FC
1912–13 México FC Mexico Antonio Sierra Reforma
1913–14 Club España Spain Francisco G. Ubierta Rovers FC
1914–15 Club España Spain Francisco G. Ubierta Pachuca
1915–16 Club España Spain Francisco Arias México FC
1916–17 Club España Spain Francisco G. Ubierta Pachuca
1917–18 Pachuca England William Penguely Club España
1918–19 Club España Spain Francisco Arias Centro Union
1919–20 Club España Spain Francisco Arias Tigres
1919–20 (LM) [a] Pachuca England Alfred C. Crowle
1920–21 Club España Spain Francisco Arias
1920–21 (LM) [a] Germania Germany Richard Obert México FC
1921–22 Club España Asturias
1922–23 Asturias Scotland Gerald Brown Germania FV
1923–24 Club España Spain Francisco Arias América
1924–25 América Mexico Rafael Garza Gutiérrez Necaxa
1925–26 América Mexico Rafael Garza Gutiérrez Asturias
1926–27 América England Percy Clifford Club España
1927–28 América England Percy Clifford Asturias
1928–29 CD Marte Mexico Servando Vargas Club España
1929–30 Club España Hungary Emérico Pozsonyi América
1930–31
(No championship held)
1931–32 Atlante Necaxa
1932–33 Necaxa Austria Ernesto Pauler Leones
1933–34 Club España Asturias
1934–35 Necaxa Austria Ernesto Pauler Club España
1935–36 Club España América
1936–37 Necaxa Hungary Sigfrid Roth Atlante
1937–38 Necaxa Hungary Sigfrid Roth Asturias
1938–39 Asturias Euzkadi
1939–40 Club España Necaxa
1940–41 Atlante Club España
1941–42 Club España Atlante
1942–43 CD Marte Atlante
Notes
  1. ^ a b Liga Mexicana, a dissident league, not recognised by the Mexican Football Federation.

Titles by club[edit]

Club Winners Runners-up Winning years
Club España [a]
14
3
1914, 1915, 1916, 1917, 1919, 1920, 1921, 1922, 1924, 1930, 1934, 1936, 1940, 1942
Reforma [b]
6
3
1906, 1907, 1909, 1910, 1911, 1912
América
4
6
1925, 1926, 1927, 1928
Necaxa [c]
4
3
1933, 1935, 1937, 1938
Pachuca
3
4
1905, 1918, 1920
Asturias [b]
2
6
1923, 1939
Atlante [c]
2
4
1932, 1941
Marte [d]
2
0
1929, 1943
British [d]
1
3
1908
Mexico Cricket [d]
1
2
1904
Germania [d]
2
1
1921
México F.C. [d]
1
1
1913
ADO [e]
1
0
1903
Rovers [d]
0
1
Tigres [d]
0
1
Popo Park [d]
0
1
Euzkadi [d]
0
1
Selección Jalisco [d]
0
1
Notes
  1. ^ Disaffiliated from the Federation.
  2. ^ a b Clubs in the Amateur league.
  3. ^ a b Clubs currently in the Ascenso MX.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Defunct clubs.
  5. ^ Clubs currently in the Segunda División (third level).

Statistics[edit]

Goalscorers[edit]

Season Name Team Goals Games Goals/Games
1902-03 United Kingdom John Hogg Orizaba 5 4 1.25
1903-04 France Julio Lacaud Reforma AC 4 8 0.5
1904-05 England Percy Clifford British Club 5 8 0.625
1905-06 England Charles M. Butlin Reforma AC 6 8 0.75
1906-07 England Percy Clifford British Club 5 8 0.625
1907-08 United Kingdom John Hogg British Club 4 6 0.67
1908-09 Mexico Jorge Gómez De Parada
England William Bray
Reforma AC
Pachuca AC
3
3
4
4
0.75
0.75
1909-10 England Robert J. Blackmore Reforma AC 4 6 0.67
1910-11 England Charles M. Butlin
England Alfred C. Crowle
Reforma AC
Pachuca AC
2
2
4
4
0.5
0.5
1911-12 United Kingdom John Hogg British Club 3 4 0.75
1912-13 Mexico Jorge Gómez De Parada México FC 5 10 0.5
1913-14 SpainBernardo Rodríguez Club España 6 8 0.75
1914-15 England Alfred C. Crowle Pachuca AC 6 10 0.6
1915-16 Spain Lázaro Ibarreche Club España 7 10 0.7
1916-17 Spain Lázaro Ibarreche Club España 6 10 0.6
1917-18 Spain Lázaro Ibarreche
England Frederick Williams
Mexico Horacio Ortiz
Club España
Pachuca AC
Pachuca AC
5
5
5
10
10
10
0.5
0.5
0.5
1918-19 Spain Lázaro Ibarreche Club España 11 12 0.92
1919-20 Spain Lázaro Ibarreche Club España 13 16 0.81
1920-21
1921-22
1922-23
1923-24
1924-25 Mexico Ernesto Sota América 10 - -
1925-26 Switzerland Kurt Friederich Germania FV 11 - -
1926-27 Mexico Pedro Arruza
Mexico Miguel Ruiz
Club España
Necaxa
13
13
-
-
-
-
1927-28 Mexico Ernesto Sota América 16 - -
1928-29 Mexico Nicho Mejia Atlante 12 - -
1929-30 Mexico Jorge Sota América 12 - -
1930-31 No Tournament Held - -
1931-32 Mexico Juan Carreño
Peru Julio Lores
Atlante
Necaxa
20
20
-
-
-
-
1932-33 Peru Julio Lores Necaxa 8 - -
1933-34 Mexico José Pacheco Asturias 12 - -
1934-35 Mexico Hilario "Moco" López Necaxa 17 - -
1935-36 Mexico Hilario "Moco" López Necaxa 14 - -
1936-37 Mexico Hilario "Moco" López Necaxa 11 - -
1937-38 Mexico Efraín Ruiz Asturias 13 - -
1938-39 Spain Miguel Gual Club España 20 - -
1939-40 Mexico Alberco "Caballo" Mendoza Atlante 15 - -
1940-41 Spain Martin Vantolra Atlante 17 14 1.21
1941-42 Costa Rica Rafael "Tico" Meza Moctezuma 20 14 1.43
1942-43 Mexico Manuel Alonso Marte 17 14 1.21

References[edit]