Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe

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Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Stužica primeval forest, Slovakia.jpg
Stužica primeval forest
Countries Slovakia, Ukraine, Germany
Region Prešov and Zakarpattia
Coordinates 49°5′10″N 22°32′10″E / 49.08611°N 22.53611°E / 49.08611; 22.53611Coordinates: 49°5′10″N 22°32′10″E / 49.08611°N 22.53611°E / 49.08611; 22.53611
Area 33,669 ha (83,198 acres)
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Criteria Natural: (ix) Edit this on Wikidata[1]
Reference 1133
Inscription 2017 (41st Session)
Location of massifs

Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe is a transnational composite nature site, encompassing forests in 13 countries of Europe. The Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians include ten separate massifs located along the 185 km (115 mi) long axis from the Rakhiv mountains and Chornohora ridge in Ukraine over the Poloniny Ridge (Slovakia) to the Vihorlat Mountains in Slovakia. The Ancient Beech Forests of Germany include five locations in various parts of Germany.

The Carpathian site covers a total area of 77,971.6 ha (192,672 acres), out of which only 29,278.9 ha (72,350 acres) are part of the actual preserved area, while the rest is considered a "buffer zone". Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians cover areas of Zakarpattia and Prešov Regions. Over 70% of the site is located in Ukraine. The area includes two national parks, a biosphere reserve, and a few habitat controlled areas (mostly in Slovakia). Both national parks, along with a neighboring area in Poland, compose a separate biosphere reserve, the East Carpathian Biosphere Reserve.

Besides Havešová, Rožok, and Stužica (all of them located in Bukovské vrchy), there is a fourth component situated in Slovakia, named Kyjovský prales of Vihorlat.

Ukrainian locations include Chornohora, Kuziy-Trybushany, Maramarosh, Stuzhytsia–Uzhok, Svydovets, and Uholka–Shyrikyi Luh. However, only few of the ten components are accessible to visitors. Stužica is the only one of three locations in Bukovské vrchy (Slovakia) with available hiking trails.

The five German forests cover 4,391 hectares and were added in 2011. In 2017, the site was expanded again, with adding forests Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Italy, Romania, Slovenia, and Spain.[2]

# Massif Region Type of nature reserve Preserved area Buffer zone
1 Chornohora Zakarpattia Carpathian Biosphere Reserve 2476.8 ha 12925 ha
2 Uholka / Shyroka Luzhanka 11860 ha 3301 ha
3 Svydovets 3030.5 ha 5639.5 ha
4 Maramoros 2243.6 ha 6230.4 ha
5 Kuziy / Trybushany 1369.6 ha 3163.4 ha
6 Stuzhytsia / Uzhok Uzhanian National Nature Park (East Carpathian Biosphere Reserve) 2532 ha 3615 ha
7 Stužica / Bukovské vrchy Prešov Poloniny National Park (East Carpathian Biosphere Reserve) 2950 ha 11300 ha
8 Rožok Prešov Preserved areas 67.1 ha 41.4 ha
9 Vihorlat 2578 ha 2413 ha
10 Havešová 171.3 ha 63.9 ha
11 Jasmund Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Jasmund National Park 492.5 ha 2510.5 ha
12 Serrahn Müritz National Park 268.1 ha 2568 ha
13 Grumsiner Forest Brandenburg Grumsiner Forest Nature Reserve 590.1 ha 274.3 ha
14 Hainich Thuringia Hainich National Park 1573.4 ha 4085.4 ha
15 Kellerwald Hesse Kellerwald-Edersee National Park 1467.1 ha 4271.4 ha
15 Balkan Mountains Bulgaria Central Balkan National Park 11 000 ha

Most of the Slovak components of the World Heritage site are situated in the Poloniny National Park in the easternmost and also the least populated part of the country. The National Park was created on 1 October 1997 with a protected area of 298.05 km² and a buffer zone of 109.73 km².

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