Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
UNESCO World Heritage site
Stužica primeval forest, Slovakia.jpg
Stužica primeval forest
Countries Slovakia, Ukraine, Germany
Region Prešov and Zakarpattia
Coordinates 49°5′10″N 22°32′10″E / 49.08611°N 22.53611°E / 49.08611; 22.53611Coordinates: 49°5′10″N 22°32′10″E / 49.08611°N 22.53611°E / 49.08611; 22.53611
Area 33,669 ha (83,198 acres)
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Year 2007 (#31)
Number 1133ter
Region Europe and North America
Criteria ix
Location of massifs

Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe is a transnational composite nature UNESCO World Heritage site, encompassing forests in 12 European countries.

The Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians include ten separate massifs located along the 185 km (115 mi) long axis from the Rakhiv mountains and Chornohora ridge in Ukraine over the Poloniny Ridge (Slovakia) to the Vihorlat Mountains in Slovakia. The Ancient Beech Forests of Germany include five locations, cover 4,391 hectares and were added in 2011.

The Carpathian site covers a total area of 77,971.6 ha (192,672 acres), out of which only 29,278.9 ha (72,350 acres) are part of the actual preserved area, while the rest is considered a "buffer zone". Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians cover areas of Zakarpattia and Prešov Regions. Over 70% of the site is located in Ukraine. The area includes two national parks, and some habitat controlled areas, mostly in Slovakia. Both national parks, along with a neighboring area in Poland, compose a separate biosphere reserve, the East Carpathian Biosphere Reserve. Besides Havešová, Rožok, and Stužica (all of them located in Bukovské vrchy), there is a fourth component situated in Slovakia, named Kyjovský prales of Vihorlat. Ukrainian locations include Chornohora, Kuziy-Trybushany, Maramarosh, Stuzhytsia–Uzhok, Svydovets, and Uholka–Shyrikyi Luh. Only a few of the ten components are accessible to visitors. Stužica is the only one of three locations in Bukovské vrchy (Slovakia) with available hiking trails. In 2017, UNESCO extended the site, adding forests in Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Italy, Romania, Slovenia, and Spain.[1][2]

The last intact virgin forest in the temperate latitudes of Europe is to be found in the Carpathians. Trees can live to a hundred years old in these forests, providing an important habitat for organisms such as mushrooms, moss, lichen, insects, rare birds (e.g. capercaillie and black grouse) and mammals (e.g. bats, brown bear, wolf and lynx). Large parts of the forest in the Romanian part of the Carpathians have been lost due to deforestation. The pressure on timber as a resource may increase due to international demand and European companies may start large-scale felling in neighbouring Ukraine. Currently unprotected areas of virgin forest can be permanently preserved in the Ukrainian Carpathians by expanding and reinforcing conservation areas. In the Ukrainian Carpathians there are nine national parks and two biosphere reserves. There is a general ban on tree felling in coniferous forest areas above 1,100 metres. If park administrations are shown to work, management of larger, previously unprotected areas of virgin forest to preserve them on a permanent basis, may occur. There are roughly 100,000 additional hectares of forest which could be integrated into the existing conservation areas.[3]

Forests[edit]

Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe is located in Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
Location of the Primary Beech World Heritage Sites in Europe.
Protected site Type of natural reserve Region Country Protected area Buffer zone
Stužica – Bukovské vrchy Poloniny National Park Prešov Slovakia 2950 ha 11300 ha
Rožok Preserved areas of Prešov Prešov Slovakia 67,1 ha 41,4 ha
Vihorlat Preserved areas of Prešov Prešov Slovakia 2578 ha 2413 ha
Havešová Preserved areas of Prešov Prešov Slovakia 171,3 ha 63,9 ha
Jasmund Jasmund National Park Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Germany 492,5 ha 2510,5 ha
Serrahn Müritz National Park Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Germany 268,1 ha 2568 ha
Grumsiner Forest Grumsiner Forest Nature Reserve Brandenburg Germany 590,1 ha 274,3 ha
Hainich Hainich National Park Thuringia Germany 1573,4 ha 4085,4 ha
Kellerwald Kellerwald-Edersee National Park Hesse Germany 1467,1 ha 4271,4 ha
Tejera Negra Beech Sierra Norte de Guadalajara Natural Park Castile-La Mancha Spain 255,52 ha 13880,86 ha
Montejo Beech Beech area of Montejo de la Sierra Community of Madrid Spain 71,79 ha 13880,86 ha
Lizardoia Integral Reserve Irati Forest Navarre Spain 63,97 ha 24494,52 ha
Aztaparreta Integral Reserve of the Ravine of Aztaparreta Navarre Spain 171,06 ha 24494,52 ha
Cuesta Fría Beech Ayllón Castile and León Spain 213,65 ha 14253 ha
Canal de Asotín Picos de Europa National Park Castile and León Spain 109,58 ha 14253 ha
Nationalpark Kalkalpen Nationalpark Kalkalpen Upper Austria Austria 1867,45 ha 1545,05 ha
Dürrenstein Forest Dürrenstein Forest Lower Austria, Styria Austria 1867,45 ha 1545,05 ha
Lumi i Gashit Valbonë Valley National Park Kukës Albania 1261,52 ha 8977,48 ha
Rrajca Shebenik-Jablanica National Park Elbasan Albania 2129,45 ha 2569,75 ha
Sonian Forest Sonian Forest Brussels/Wallonia/Flanders Belgium 269,31 ha 4650,86 ha
Central Balkan National Park Central Balkan National Park Sofia, Lovech Plovdiv, Gabrovo and Stara Zagora provinces Bulgaria 10988,91 ha 11720,85 ha
Forest reserve of the Virgin Forest of Krokar Forest reserve of the Virgin Forest of Krokar Kočevje Slovenia 74,50 ha 47,90 ha
Snežnik – Ždrocle forest reserve Snežnik – Ždrocle forest reserve Ilirska Bistrica, Loška Dolina Slovenia 720,24 128,80
Paklenica National Park Paklenica National Park Lika-Senj, Zadar Croatia 2031,78 ha 810,11 ha
Hajdučki and Rožanski strict reservations Northern Velebit National Park Lika-Senj Croatia 1289,11 ha 9869,25 ha
Cheile Nerei-Beușnița Cheile Nerei-Beușnița National Park Caraș-Severin Romania 4292,27 ha 5959,87 ha
Şinca secular forest Şinca secular forest Brașov Romania 338,24 ha 445,76 ha
Slătioara secular forest Slătioara secular forest Suceava Romania 609,12 ha 429,43 ha
Cozia Cozia National Park Vâlcea Romania 109,58 ha 14253 ha
Domogled – Valea Cernei Domogled-Valea Cernei National Park Mehedinți, Caraș-Severin, Gorj Romania 9732,26 ha 51461,28 ha
Groșii Țibleșului Groșii Țibleșului National Park Maramureș Romania 346,37 ha 563,57 ha
Izvoarele Nerei Semenic-Cheile Carașului National Park Caraș-Severin Romania 4677,21 ha 2494,83 ha
Strîmbu Băiuț Strîmbu Băiuț National Park Maramureș Romania 598,14 ha 713,09 ha
Chornohora East Carpathian Biosphere Reserve Zakarpattia Ukraine 2476,8 ha 12925 ha
Uholka – Shyrikyi Luh East Carpathian Biosphere Reserve Zakarpattia Ukraine 11860 ha 3301 ha
Svydovets East Carpathian Biosphere Reserve Zakarpattia Ukraine 3030,5 ha 5639,5 ha
Maramarosh East Carpathian Biosphere Reserve Zakarpattia Ukraine 2243,6 ha 6230,4 ha
Kuziy – Trybushany East Carpathian Biosphere Reserve Zakarpattia Ukraine 1369,6 ha 3163,4 ha
Stuzhytsia – Uzhok Uzhanian National Nature Park Zakarpattia Ukraine 2532 ha 3615 ha
Gorgany Gorgany Nature Reserve Ivano-Frankivsk Ukraine 753,48 ha 4637,59 ha
Roztochya Roztochya Biosphere Reserve Lviv Ukraine 384,81 ha 598,21 ha
Satanіvska Dacha Podilski Tovtry National Nature Park Khmelnytskyi Ukraine 212,01 ha 559,37 ha
Synevyr National Nature Park Synevir Zakarpattia Ukraine 2865,04 ha 2181,74 ha
Zacharovanyi Krai Zacharovany Krai National Nature Park Zakarpattia Ukraine 1258,13 ha 1275,44 ha
Cervara Valley Parco Nazionale d'Abruzzo, Lazio e Molise Abruzzo Italy 119,7 ha 751,61 ha
Moricento Forest Parco Nazionale d'Abruzzo, Lazio e Molise Abruzzo Italy 192,7 ha 751,61 ha
Coppo del Morto Parco Nazionale d'Abruzzo, Lazio e Molise Abruzzo Italy 104,71 ha 415,51 ha
Coppo del Principe Parco Nazionale d'Abruzzo, Lazio e Molise Abruzzo Italy 194,49 ha 446,62 ha
Val Fondillo Parco Nazionale d'Abruzzo, Lazio e Molise Abruzzo Italy 325,03 ha 700,95 ha
Cozzo Ferriero Pollino National Park Calabria, Basilicata Italy 95,74 ha 482,61 ha
Foresta Umbra Gargano National Park Apulia Italy 182,23 ha 1.752,54 ha
Cimino Mount Cimino Mount Abruzzo, Lazio Italy 57,54 ha 87,96 ha
Raschio Mount Regional Natural Park of the Bracciano-Martignano lake complex Lazio Italy 73,73 ha 54,75 ha
Sasso Fratino Foreste Casentinesi, Monte Falterona, Campigna National Park Emilia-Romagna, Tuscany Italy 781,43 ha 6.936,64 ha

Most of the Slovak components of the World Heritage site are situated in the Poloniny National Park in the easternmost and also the least populated part of the country. The National Park was created on 1 October 1997 with a protected area of 298.05 km² and a buffer zone of 109.73 km².

Tentative list[edit]

On 28 February 2018, several more forests in Serbia, Montenegro and Switzerland were placed on the World Heritage Tentative list as a proposal for the expansion of the Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe site. Forests included on the Tentative list are:

In Serbia[4]
In Montenegro[5]
In Switzerland[6]

See also[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]