Primor'ye-class surveillance ship

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Class overview
Builders: 61 Kommunara Zavod, Nikolayev, Ukraine
Operators: Soviet Navy, Russian Navy
Succeeded by: Balzam class intelligence ship
Built: 1969-1973
In commission: 1970 ? - present day
Completed: 6
Active: 2
Retired: 4
General characteristics
Type: Intelligence collection ship
Displacement: 4,340 tons full load
Length: 84.6 m
Beam: 14 m
Draught: 7.2 m
Propulsion: 1 shaft, 2 diesel engines, 2000 hp
Speed: 12.5 knots

The Primor'ye class are a group of spy ship built for the Soviet Navy. Two ships are operated by the Russian Navy. The Soviet designation was Project 394B.

Design and role[edit]

The ships were designed to gather SIGINT and COMINT electronic intelligence via an extensive array of sensors. The data could be transmitted to shore via satellite link antennas. The ships were converted from the hulls of large trawlers.


2 ships are in service with the Black Sea Fleet:

  • SSV-590 Krym
  • SSV-591 Kavkaz

4 further ships were retired in the mid-to-late 1990s.

See also[edit]