Primorskaya Oblast

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Primorskaya Oblast
Примо́рская о́бласть
Primorskaya oblast'
Oblast of Russia and Far Eastern Republic

1856–1922
Flag Coat of arms
Flag Coat of arms
Location of
Capital Nikolayevsk-on-Amur (1856-1880)
Khabarovka (1880-1888)
Vladivostok (1888-1922)
History
 •  Established 31 October 1856
 •  Transformed into Primorskaya Governorate 1922
Today part of  Russia

Primorskaya Oblast (Russian: Примо́рская о́бласть) was an administrative division of the Russian Empire and the early Russian SFSR, created on October 31, 1856 by the Governing Senate.[1] The name of the region means Littoral, Maritime or Coastal. The region was established upon a Russian conquest of Daur people that used to live along Amur River. Before the conquest, the territory belonged to the Chinese region of Manchuria.

History[edit]

The Amur river region was raided by the 1651 Russian expedition of Yerofey Khabarov, after which the indigenous Daur people were either killed or flee away further onto territory of the Qing Dynasty. Before the conquest, the territory belonged to the Chinese region of Manchuria. The precursor of Primorskaya Oblast was the Albazino Voivodeship that existed 1882-1886 and was removed upon the conclusion of the Sino-Russian border conflicts which led to signing of the 1689 Treaty of Nerchinsk.

At first it was part of the Eastern Siberian General Government, but since 1884 within the Cis-Amur General Government.[1]

Originally the oblast included the whole northeastern portion of Russia and territories of the Cis-Amur region. It was organized out of the newly acquired territories of Amur River valley, Kamchatka Oblast, and Sakhalin. In 1858 the territory of the left-bank Amur River to the mouth of Ussuri River was passed to the newly established Amur Oblast. At that time the region only included four districts: Nikolayevsk, Sofiysk, Okhotsk, Kamchatka. According to the Peking Treaty, in 1860 to the region was annexed the Ussuri Krai based on the Treaty of Aigun and the Convention of Peking. In 1880-1888 there was created a separate Vladivostok Military Governorate that included Muravyov-Amursky Peninsula and the port of Vladivostok. In 1884 Sakhalin was carved away into a separate administrative territory.

The seat of the oblast was originally in Nikolayevsk-on-Amur, in 1880-1888 – Khabarovka (today Khabarovsk), and since 1888 it was moved to Vladivostok.[1]

In 1920 Primorskaya Oblast was included into the Far Eastern Republic and in 1922 transformed into Primorskaya Governorate.

In 1932-1939 there existed a region with the same name that was part of the Far Eastern Krai of the Russian SFSR.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c History of Soviet Primorye, p. 31

Sources[edit]

  • "История Советского Приморья" (History of the Soviet Primorye), под ред. А. И. Крушанова (ed. A. I. Krushanov). Дальневосточное книжное издательство. Владивосток, 1976.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°07′00″N 131°54′00″E / 43.1167°N 131.9000°E / 43.1167; 131.9000