Prince Adalbert of Bavaria (1886–1970)
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3 June 1886|
|Died||29 December 1970
|Burial||Andechs Abbey cemetery, Andechs, Bavaria|
|Spouse||Countess Auguste von Seefried auf Buttenheim|
|Father||Prince Ludwig Ferdinand of Bavaria|
|Mother||Infanta María de la Paz of Spain|
Prince Adalbert of Bavaria (German: Adalbert Alfons Maria Ascension Antonius Hubertus Joseph omnes sancti Prinz von Bayern) (3 June 1886 – 29 December 1970) was a member of the Bavarian Royal House of Wittelsbach, historian, author and a German Ambassador to Spain.
As most of his peers, following the Abitur, Adalbert joined the Bavarian Army and remained an officer throughout the First World War. He served with the artillery as a battery commander and later as a General Staff Corps and a cavalry officer on both the Western and the Eastern Fronts.
After Germany’s defeat in 1918, Prince Adalbert left the military and began study history at the Ludwig Maximilian University in Munich; later publishing several works on Bavarian and royal history. With the outbreak of World War II, Adalbert was recalled back to the military and served as a staff officer under close family friend Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb. With the Army Group C, he took part in the German invasion of France, but his return to the German Army was short lived. In early 1941, Prince Adalbert was relieved from all combat duties as a result of the so-called Prinzenerlass. By this decree, Hitler ordered that all members of the former German reigning royal houses were forbidden from joining or participating in any military operations in the Wehrmacht. Later, in May 1941, Prince Adalbert was cashiered from the military and withdrew to the family castle Hohenschwangau in southern Bavaria, where he lived for the rest of the war.
Post World War II
After the war he worked shortly for the Bavarian Red Cross office and in 1952 was appointed by Konrad Adenauer as the Ambassador of the Federal Republic of Germany to Spain. He remained in this post until 1956.
On 12 June 1919 Prince Adalbert married Countess Augusta von Seefried auf Buttenheim (1899-1978), the daughter of Count Otto von Seefried auf Buttenheim and Princess Elisabeth Marie of Bavaria. The wedding took place in Salzburg, Austria. The couple had two sons:
- Das Ende der Habsburger in Spanien (2 Bände). Bruckmann Verlag, München 1929
- Vier Revolutionen und einiges dazwischen. Siebzig Jahre aus dem Leben der Prinzessin Ludwig Ferdinand von Bayern, Infantin von Spanien. Hans Eder Verlag, München, 1932
- An Europas Fürstenhöfen. Lebenserinnerung der Infantin Eulalia von Spanien 1864-1931. Verlag Robert Lutz Nachfolger Otto Schramm, Stuttgart, 1936
- Eugen Beauharnais. Der Stiefsohn Napoleons. Ein Lebensbild. Propyläen Verlag, Berlin, 1940
- Nymphenburg und seine Bewohner. Oldenbourg Verlag, München, 1949
- Max I. Joseph von Bayern. Pfalzgraf, Kurfürst und König. Bruckmann Verlag, München, 1957
- Die Herzen der Leuchtenberg. Chronik einer napoleonisch-bayerisch-europäischen Familie. Prestel Verlag, München, 1963
- Der Herzog und die Tänzerin. Die merkwürdige Geschichte Christians IV. von Pfalz-Zweibrücken und seiner Familie. Pfälzische Verlagsanstalt, Neustadt/Weinstraße, 1966
- Als die Residenz noch Residenz war. Prestel Verlag, München, 1967
- Die Wittelsbacher. Geschichte unserer Familie. Prestel Verlag, München, 1979
- Erinnerungen 1900-1956. Langen-Müller Verlag, München, 1991
- Das Bayernbuch vom Kriege 1914-1918. Konrad Krafft von Dellmensingen, Friedrichfranz Feeser, Chr. Belser AG, Verlagsbuchhandlung, Stuttgart 1930
- Die Wittelsbacher. Geschichte unserer Familie. Adalbert, Prinz von Bayern. Prestel Verlag, München, 1979