Prince Albert, Western Cape

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Prince Albert
Prins Albert
View overlooking Prince Albert
View overlooking Prince Albert
Prince Albert is located in South Africa
Prince Albert
Prince Albert
 Prince Albert shown within South Africa
Coordinates: 33°13′31″S 22°01′48″E / 33.22528°S 22.03000°E / -33.22528; 22.03000Coordinates: 33°13′31″S 22°01′48″E / 33.22528°S 22.03000°E / -33.22528; 22.03000
Country South Africa
Province Western Cape
District Central Karoo
Municipality Prince Albert
Established 1842[1]
Area[2]
 • Total 37.70 km2 (14.56 sq mi)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 7,054
 • Density 190/km2 (480/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[2]
 • Black African 2.2%
 • Coloured 85.7%
 • Indian/Asian 0.2%
 • White 11.3%
 • Other 0.6%
First languages (2011)[2]
 • Afrikaans 91.7%
 • English 4.7%
 • Other 3.6%
Postal code (street) 6930
PO box 6930
Area code 023

Prince Albert, South Africa is a small town in the Western Cape in South Africa. It is located on the southern edge of the Great Karoo, at the foot of the Swartberg mountains.

History[edit]

Prince Albert was founded in 1762[3] on a farm called Queekvalleij that had been on loan to Zacharias and Dina de Beer since 1762[4]

Originally known as Albertsburg, when it obtained municipal status in 1845 it was renamed Prince Albert in honour of Queen Victoria's consort, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg.[4] Prince Albert was historically part of the Cape Colony.

During the latter part of the century, a nugget of gold was discovered on a farm in the area. Due to the fact that a similar occurrence had led to the Gold Rush in the Witwatersrand, this new discovery precipitated a similar population boom. However, the prosperity up North was not to be shared in Prince Albert and the gold mined turned out to be minimal.[4]

Prince Albert became a British garrison during the Second Boer War in 1899. The town was the site of several clashes between the British and the Boers during this period.[4]

Climate[edit]

Prince Albert has a temperate climate with high temperatures in summer, with an average of 33–35 °C, and 17 °C in the winter months. Winter is mainly sunny with colder temperatures and chilly nights, reaching midwinter minimums of 2 °C, with frost in places and some snow on the nearby Swartberg mountains.

Points of interest[edit]

Prince Albert has a small local population, mainly engaged in farming and tourism. The village has many authentic Cape Dutch, Karoo and Victorian buildings, thirteen of which are National Monuments. There are several olive farms and other very large export fruit farms in the area, as well as wine producers, sheep farms and an export mohair trade. Birding, hiking, cycling and stargazing are other pursuits for visitors. The area is well known for its endemic veld plants.


Dutch Reformed Church

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Chronological order of town establishment in South Africa based on Floyd (1960:20-26)" (PDF). pp. xlv–lii. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Main Place Prince Albert". Census 2011. 
  3. ^ Fitzpatrick, Mary et al. South Africa, Lesotho & Swaziland, Lonely Planet, 2006, ISBN 978-1-74059-970-2, p. 228
  4. ^ a b c d The Great Karoo.com, Prince Albert Tourism Info, available URL:http://www.thegreatkaroo.com/listings/tourism_info/western_cape/great_karoo/prince_albert, accessed: 11 February 2015