Prince Antônio Gastão of Orléans-Braganza

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Prince Antônio Gastão of Orléans-Braganza
Antoine d'Orleans et Braganza, by William Orpen.jpg
Prince Antoine d'Orleans et Braganza, MC
Portrait by William Orpen, 1918
Born (1881-08-09)August 9, 1881
Paris, France
Died November 29, 1918(1918-11-29) (aged 37)
Edmonton, London, United Kingdom
Burial Royal Chapel, Dreux, France
Full name
Antônio Gastão Filipe Francisco de Assis Maria Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga
House House of Orléans-Braganza
Father Prince Gaston, Count of Eu
Mother Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil

Captain Prince Antônio Gastão of Orléans-Braganza MC; (Portuguese: Antônio Gastão de Orléans e Bragança; 9 August 1881 – 29 November 1918) was a Brazilian prince who served in the forces of the British Empire during World War I.

Life[edit]

Antônio was born in Paris, the third and last son of Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil, and her husband Gaston of Orléans, count of Eu.[1] His father was a grandson of the last Bourbon king of France, Louis Philippe I, and his mother was the eldest daughter and heir of Emperor Pedro II of Brazil. He was baptized on 27 August 1881.[2] His full name was Antônio Gastão Luiz Filipe Francisco de Assis Maria Miguel Rafael Gabriel Gonzaga;[1] his family affectionately called him "Totó".[3]

After his grandfather was deposed in a military coup in Brazil, he and his family were sent into exile in Europe. As a child he was chronically sick with bronchitis.[4] He was educated in Paris, and at the Theresian Military Academy in Wiener Neustadt, Austria.[5] After graduation, he was a Hussar lieutenant in the Austro-Hungarian Army between 1908 and 1914.

When World War I broke out, Antônio was prevented from joining the French armed forces by a law that forbade members of the deposed French royal family from serving in the military.[6] Instead, he was commissioned as a Lieutenant in the Royal Canadian Dragoons where he served attached to the Royal Flying Corps as a pilot and intelligence officer. He was promoted to captain in 1916,[7] and was awarded the Military Cross in 1917.[8] He was aide-de-camp to the commander of the Canadian Cavalry Brigade, Brigadier-General Seely,[9] from February 1917[10] until May 1918,[11] and then was seconded for duty with the War Office in July.[12]

Antônio died from injuries sustained in an air crash at Edmonton, London, shortly after the end of the war.[13] His remains were placed in the Royal Chapel of Dreux, in France.[1][9]

Honors[edit]

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Montgomery-Massingberd, Hugh, ed. (1977). Burke's Royal Families of the World, Volume 1: Europe & Latin America. London: Burke's Peerage. p. 51. ISBN 0-85011-023-8. 
  2. ^ Barman, Roderick J. (2002). Princess Isabel of Brazil: gender and power in the nineteenth century. Wilmington, Delaware: Scholarly Resources. p. 158. ISBN 0-8420-2846-3. 
  3. ^ Barman, p. 212
  4. ^ Barman, pp. 176, 212
  5. ^ Barman, p. 220
  6. ^ Barman, p. 229
  7. ^ "No. 29689". The London Gazette. 1 August 1916. p. 7573. 
  8. ^ "No. 30234". The London Gazette (4th supplement). 16 August 1917. p. 8393. 
  9. ^ a b "Orleans and Braganza Prince of, Antoine Gaston Philippe". Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 1 November 2011. 
  10. ^ "No. 29996". The London Gazette. 23 March 1917. p. 2860. 
  11. ^ "No. 30765". The London Gazette (Supplement). 26 June 1918. p. 7542. 
  12. ^ "No. 31030". The London Gazette (5th supplement). 26 November 1918. p. 13900.  Substituted for notice in "No. 30933". The London Gazette (5th supplement). 4 October 1918. p. 11700. 
  13. ^ Barman, p. 230
  14. ^ Royal Ark
  15. ^ "No. 31736". The London Gazette (6th supplement). 16 January 1920. p. 701.