Prince Antônio of Orléans-Braganza
|Prince of Orléans-Braganza|
June 24, 1950 |
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
|Spouse||Princess Christine of Ligne|
|Issue||Prince Pedro Luiz
|House||House of Orléans-Braganza|
|Father||Prince Pedro Henrique of Orléans-Braganza|
|Mother||Princess Maria Elisabeth of Bavaria|
|Brazilian Imperial Family
Prince Antônio of Orléans-Braganza (born June 24, 1950), whose baptismal name is Antônio João Maria José Jorge Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga de Orléans e Bragança e Wittelsbach, is a member of the Imperial House of Brazil. He is second in line of succession to the former Brazilian throne, according to the disputed claims of the Vassouras branch of the family. In Brazil he is commonly addressed using the prefix Dom.
Parents and early life
Dom Antônio's eldest brother is Prince Luiz of Orléans-Braganza, the current Head of the Brazilian Imperial Family and, from a monarchist perspective, de jure Emperor Luiz I of Brazil. After Dom Luiz in the succession order comes the next brother, Prince Bertrand, born 1941, who, as heir presumptive to the throne would be the Prince Imperial if his eldest brother were actually reigning, and who is often accorded that style in royalist circles. Although he is the sixth brother, Antônio follows Bertrand in the succession order because three older brothers renounced their claims to the throne in order to marry commoners. Some Brazilian royalists consider the marriage of Prince Antônio with Princess Christine de Ligne as a mésalliance or morganatic, since the Princes de Ligne were never a sovereign family, nor a mediatised family.[nb 1]
Antônio is an artist, usually painting water color landscapes depicting buildings, ranches, and farms typical of colonial Brazil. In May 1999 he held an exhibition, "A Herança Portuguesa no Brasil Colonial" (The Portuguese Heritage in Colonial Brazil) at Ipanema Park in Portugal. In 2001 he held exhibitions at Curitiba and at Joinville. His work has also been displayed in the Crystal Palace in Petropolis, the Museu Nacional de Belas Artes in Rio de Janeiro, and the Galeria Quadrante and the Museu da Casa Brasileira in São Paulo.
Marriage and family
In 1981, he married Princess Christine de Ligne, daughter of Antoine, 13th Prince de Ligne (head of one of Belgium's foremost noble families) and his wife, Princess Alix of Luxembourg. The civil ceremony took place on September 25 and the religious ceremony on September 26, both at Belœil.
The couple have four children:
- Prince Pedro Luiz (January 12, 1983, Rio de Janeiro – June 1, 2009, he was a passenger on the missing Air France Flight 447)
- Princess Amélia (born March 15, 1984, Brussels). On 16 August 2014, she married James Spearman, who is from Scotland and is descended from the Spearman Baronets. Amélia and her husband James Spearman have a son, Alexander Joaquim Pedro, born in Madrid on 30 August 2016.
- Prince Rafael (born April 24, 1986, Rio de Janeiro).
- Princess Maria Gabriela (born June 8, 1989, Rio de Janeiro).
Titles and honors
|Reference style||His Royal Highness|
|Spoken style||Your Royal Highness|
Titles and styles
He has been styled as Prince and as His Royal Highness throughout his life. In Brazil, where the honorific "Dom" has disappeared from everyday use, he is regularly called "Dom Antônio".
He was a recipient of the following foreign honors:
- House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies - Grand Cross of the Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George
- The Brazilian dynasty's marital standard was never bound by the royal intermarriage rules which restricted sovereign German dynasties to reigning and mediatized families following the 1815 Congress of Vienna. Nonetheless it is true that the Princes de Ligne had sold the immediate principality of Edelstetten in 1804, therefore they were not officially included among the Holy Roman Empire's princely families that retained immediate status until its abolition in 1806, which later became the cut-off date for the prerogatives retained by mediatized dynasties.
- Casa Imperial do Brasil - Biografia de D. Antônio de Orleans e Bragança.
- Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Fürstliche Häuser (Limburg an der Lahn: C.A. Starke, 1991): Band XIV, 32.
- NÉMETH-TORRES, Geovani (2008) (in Portuguese). A odisséia monarquista no Plebiscito Nacional de 1993. In: Veredas da História. Rio de Janeiro: Ano I, n. 1. Abr. 2008. ISSN 1982-4238.
- Constituição Politica do Imperio do Brazil, art. 105.
- "Príncipe brasileiro expõe aguarelas no Ipanema", Jornal de Notícias (May 4, 1999).
- "Arte real", Anexo (30 maio, 2001).
- Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Fürstliche Häuser (Limburg an der Lahn: C.A. Starke, 1991): Band XIV, 34.
- "Prince Pedro Luis de Orleans e Braganca PHOTO". Lalate. June 2, 2009. Retrieved April 29, 2011.
- BUYERS, Christopher. The Royal Ark.
Prince Antônio of Orléans-Braganza
Cadet branch of the House of OrléansBorn: June 24 1950
|Titles in pretence|
|— TITULAR —
Vassouras line of succession to the Brazilian throne
Reason for succession failure:
Empire abolished in 1889