Antoine, Duke of Montpensier

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Antoine d'Orléans Duque Montpesier.jpg
Duke of Montpensier
Predecessor Prince Antoine Philippe d'Orléans
Successor Prince Ferdinand d'Orléans
Born (1824-07-31)31 July 1824
Château de Neuilly, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France
Died 4 February 1890(1890-02-04) (aged 65)
Palacio de Orléans-Borbón, Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Spain
Burial (1890-02-08)8 February 1890
Infantes Pantheon, Royal Monastery of San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Spain
Spouse Infanta Luisa Fernanda of Spain
among others...
Infanta María Isabel, Countess of Paris
María de las Mercedes, Queen of Spain
Infante Antonio, Duke of Galliera
Full name
Antoine Marie Philippe Louis d'Orléans
House Orléans
Father Louis-Philippe of France
Mother Maria Amalia of Naples and Sicily
Religion Roman Catholicism
Signature Antoine's signature

Antoine d'Orléans (Antoine Marie Philippe Louis d'Orléans; 31 July 1824 – 4 February 1890) was a member of the French royal family in the House of Orléans. He was the youngest son of King Louis Philippe of France and his wife Maria Amelia Teresa of the Two Sicilies. He was styled as the Duke of Montpensier. He was born on 31 July 1824 at the château de Neuilly and died 4 February 1890 at Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Spain.

Marriage and issue[edit]

On 10 October 1846 at Madrid, Spain, he married Infanta Luisa Fernanda of Spain, the daughter of King Ferdinand VII of Spain and his wife Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies.

They had ten children:

1. Maria Isabel (1848–1919),who married her first cousin Philippe, comte de Paris (1838–94), the French claimant, and became known as Marie Isabelle, comtesse de Paris. She had several children.

2. Maria Amelia (1851–1870)

3. Maria Cristina (1852–1879)

4. Maria de la Regla (1856–1861)

5. [?] (1857-1857)

6. Fernando (1859–1873)

7. Mercedes (1860–1878), otherwise Princess Marie des Graces d'Orleans-Montpensier, who married her first cousin Alfonso XII and is historically known as Mercedes of Orleans, queen of Spain. No children.

8. Felipe Raimundo Maria(1862–1864)

9. Antonio (1866–1930), became Duke of Galliera in Italy. He married his first cousin Infanta Eulalia of Spain (1864–1958), daughter of Isabella II, and had two sons.

10. Luis Maria Felipe Antonio(1867–1874)

Candidate for the Spanish throne[edit]

Antoine de Montpensier lived in Spain from 1848 when he and his family had to leave France after the Revolution of 1848. During the Spanish revolution of 1868, he supported the insurgents under Juan Prim against Queen Isabella II of Spain, his own sister-in-law.

In 1870 he fought a duel against Infante Enrique, Duke of Seville, the brother of Francis, Duke of Cádiz, and killed him. Antoine was convicted and sentenced to one month in prison.

On 16 November 1870 the Cortes voted for the next king and chose Amadeo of Savoy with 191 votes. Antoine only received 27 votes, and left Spain, only to return in 1874. His ambitions were fulfilled by his daughter Mercedes, who became Queen of Spain after her marriage to Alfonso XII, son of Isabella II.

Titles, styles, honours and arms[edit]

Royal styles of
HRH The Duke of Montpensier
Blason duche fr Orleans (moderne).svg
Reference style His Royal Highness
Spoken style Your Royal Highness
Alternative style Sir

Titles and styles[edit]

France/ France

  • 13 July 1824 – 21 September 1824: His Serene Highness Prince Antoine d'Orléans
  • 21 September 1824 – 9 August 1830: His Royal Highness Prince Antoine d'Orléans
  • 9 August 1830 – 16 August 1830: His Royal Highness The Prince Antoine
  • 16 August 1830 – 4 February 1890: His Royal Highness The Duke of Montpensier


  • 10 October 1846 – 10 October 1859: His Royal Highness The Duke of Montpensier
  • 10 October 1859 – 4 February 1890: His Royal Highness Infante Don Antonio, Duke of Montpensier

The Duke's complete style in Spain, after his rise to the rank of Infante, was: Su Alteza Real el Serenísmo y Egregio Señor Infante Don Antonio María de Orleans, Duque de Montpensier (in English: His Royal Highness the Most Serene and Notable Prince Lord Antonio María d'Orléans, Duke of Montpensier).





Antoine, Duke of Montpensier
Cadet branch of the House of Bourbon
Born: 31 July 1824 Died: 4 February 1890
French nobility
Title last held by
Prince Antoine Philippe d'Orléans
Duke of Montpensier
16 August 1830 – 4 July 1890
Succeeded by
Prince Ferdinand d'Orléans
Italian nobility
Title last held by
Maria Brignole-Sale
Duke of Galliera
9 December 1888 – 4 July 1890
Succeeded by
Infante Antonio