Pavlos, Crown Prince of Greece
Pavlos, Crown Prince of Greece, Prince of Denmark, RE (Greek: Παύλος; born 20 May 1967) is the eldest son of Constantine II, who was King of the Hellenes from 1964 to 1973. Pavlos was heir apparent to the throne and Greece's crown prince from his birth, remaining so during his father's reign.
By male-line descent, he is a member of the Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg line of the House of Oldenburg. Since reaching adulthood, he has lived in New York City and London, working as an investment consultant.
Pavlos was born on 20 May 1967 in Athens, to King Constantine II and Queen Anne Marie, who was by birth a Princess of Denmark. His mother is a sister of Margrethe II of Denmark. His maternal grandparents were Frederick IX of Denmark and Ingrid of Sweden.
By Greek tradition, he was named after his paternal grandfather, King Paul (Pavlos) of the Hellenes. His older sister, Princess Alexia, had been born two years earlier, in 1965. Crown Prince Pavlos was baptized into the Greek Orthodox Church.
Military coup of 1967
Crown Prince Pavlos was born into a turbulent era in Greek politics. His father, King Constantine II, had ascended to the throne on 6 March 1964, at the age of 23, following the death of his father, King Paul.
As 1967 drew to a close, the "Regime of the Colonels", led by Colonel Georgios Papadopoulos, was increasingly characterised by suppression of civil liberties, along with imprisonment or exile of opponents. In December of that year, King Constantine attempted a counter-coup, but could not rally sufficient military support. The King fled with his wife and children to Rome. Crown Prince Pavlos' younger brother Prince Nikolaos was born in Rome in 1969.
Abolition of the monarchy
During the years 1967–1973, Greece remained officially a monarchy, with a regency appointed in the absence of the king. Beginning in 1973, when Crown Prince Pavlos was six years old, a series of rapid changes occurred in the government of Greece. On 1 June 1973, Constantine II was declared deposed and Georgios Papadopoulos became the self-appointed President of Greece. On 29 July 1973, the Greek plebiscite, 1973 was held to confirm the change.
On 17 November 1974, the Greek legislative election, 1974 was held, resulting in a victory for Constantine Karamanlis and his New Democracy (ND) party. On 8 December 1974, the Greek plebiscite, 1974 had a similar outcome to that of the previous year: the majority were in favour of a republican constitution (69%) over restoration of the monarchy (31%).
Constantine II accepted that his reign was at an end. He and Anne Marie had been settled with their family in London for some time. Pavlos' youngest siblings were born in London, Princess Theodora in 1983 and Prince Philippos in 1986.
Pavlos was educated in London at the Hellenic College of London, a school founded by his parents King Constantine and Queen Anne-Marie. In 1986, he graduated from the United World College. He then trained as a British army officer at the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst before taking a three-year commission with the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards. He attended Georgetown University in Washington, DC, graduating in 1993 in International Relations, Law and Organization and completing a Master of Science in Foreign Service, specialising in Eastern Europe and the Balkans, in 1995. His roommate at Georgetown was his cousin, Felipe VI of Spain (then the Prince of Asturias).
- 1997 – Co-founded Griphon Asset Management, an alternative investment group
- 1998 – Co-founded Ivory Capital Group LLC and Ivory Fund Investors LLC, private investment groups focused on value-oriented equities
- 2002 – Co-founded Ortelius Capital Partners LLC, an alternative asset management group specializing in hedge funds
- 2003 – Co-founded Brigantine, a value based equity fund
Marriage and issue
Crown Prince Pavlos married American heiress Marie-Chantal Miller (now styled as Her Royal Highness Crown Princess Marie-Chantal of Greece, Princess of Denmark) on 1 July 1995. After their marriage, the couple resided in New York City, where he worked as an investment consultant, before relocation to London in 2004.
The couple has five children:
- Princess Maria-Olympia of Greece and Denmark (born on 25 July 1996 in New York City). Among Maria-Olympia's godparents are Princess Alexia of Greece and Denmark (paternal aunt); Pia Getty (maternal aunt); the Prince of Wales (2nd cousins twice removed) and Prince Michael of Greece (1st cousin three times removed.)
- Prince Constantine-Alexios of Greece and Denmark (named after his grandfather; born 29 October 1998 in New York City). As oldest son and heir, Prince Constantine-Alexios has several royal godparents: Prince Nikolaos of Greece and Denmark (paternal uncle); Princess Alexandra von Fürstenberg (maternal aunt); Felipe VI of Spain (his father's paternal first cousin); the Crown Prince of Denmark (his father's maternal cousin); the Crown Princess of Sweden; the Duke of Cambridge (2nd cousin three times removed); and family friend, Doris Robbs.
- Prince Achileas-Andreas of Greece and Denmark (born on 12 August 2000 in New York City) his godparents are: Princess Theodora of Greece and Denmark (his paternal aunt); Infanta Elena of Spain (his father's paternal cousin) Prince Guillaume of Luxembourg; Prince Alexander of Fürstenberg; Princess Rosario of Bulgaria and Prince Kardam of Bulgaria
- Prince Odysseus-Kimon of Greece and Denmark (born on 17 September 2004 in London)his godparents are Prince Philippos of Greece and Denmark (paternal uncle); Princess Olga, Duchess of Apulia (his grandfather's second cousin) Princess Alexandra of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg (his father's first cousin) and Mette-Marit, Crown Princess of Norway
- Prince Aristidis-Stavros of Greece and Denmark (born on 29 June 2008 in Los Angeles) his godparents are Infanta Cristina of Spain (his father's paternal first cousin) and Stavros Niarchos.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Crown Prince Pavlos
|Reference style||His Royal Highness|
|Spoken style||Your Royal Highness|
Titles and styles
Crown Prince Pavlos has used the following titles and styles:
- 20 May 1967 - 1 June 1973: His Royal Highness The Crown Prince of Greece, Prince of Denmark
- 1 June 1973 – present: His Royal Highness Crown Prince Pavlos of Greece, Prince of Denmark
- official in Greece: 1 June 1973 – present: His Highness Prince Pavlos of Denmark
The title "Crown Prince of Greece" and style Royal Highness are not used or recognized by the Hellenic Republic, although customarily accorded at royal courts. The attributes of Highness and "Prince of Denmark" (Prins af Danmark) derive from his dynastic male-line descent from Christian IX of Denmark and as such are recognized by the Republic of Greece.
- Dynastic Orders of Greece :
Pavlos is a scion multiple times of the "Grandparents of Europe", descending from Christian IX of Denmark through three of his children; in the male line through George I of Greece, in the female line through Frederick VIII of Denmark and through his daughter Princess Thyra, Duchess of Cumberland. He also descends thrice from Queen Victoria: once through her third son Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, and twice through her eldest daughter the Princess Royal Victoria, the German Empress Frederick.
- The monarchy was initially abolished in 1973 by the Regime of the Colonels. Rather than reinstating the monarchy prior to holding a referendum, the new democratic government which replaced the regime left the republic in place, and accepted the Greek president as head of state until the referendum took place. The referendum opted not to reinstate the monarchy.
- Eilers, Marlene. Queen Victoria's Daughters. Rosvall Royal Books, Falkoping, Sweden, 1997. pp. 33, 130, 132, 159. ISBN 91-630-5964-9
- Royal Baptism photos 1999 http://www.angelfire.com/de/verenasroyalty/Baptism1999.html
- Pavlos & Marie-Chantal
- Noblesse et Royautés (French), Queen Margrethe's Ruby Jubilee, 2012, Pavlos wearing miniatures of the orders on his jacket and Marie-Chantal wearing the sash of the Order of Saints Olga and Sophia
- "New Years". Retrieved 22 January 2015.
- Hindley, Geoffrey (2000). The Royal Families of Europe. New York: Caroll & Graf. ISBN 0-7867-0828-X.
- Miroslav Marek. "Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg". Genealogy.Eu. Retrieved 30 June 2005.[self-published source][better source needed]
- Woodhouse, C.M. (1998). Modern Greece a Short History. London: Faber & Faber. ISBN 0-571-19794-9.
- Γιάννης Κάτρης (1974). Η γέννηση του νεοφασισμού στην Ελλάδα 1960–1970. Athens: Παπαζήση.
- Αλέξης Παπαχελάς (1997). Ο βιασμός της ελληνικής δημοκρατίας. Athens:Εστία. ISBN 960-05-0748-1.
Pavlos, Crown Prince of GreeceBorn: 20 May 1967
|Crown Prince of Greece
20 May 1967 – 1 June 1973
|— TITULAR —
Crown Prince of Greece
1 June 1973 – present
Reason for succession failure:
Abolition of the monarchy in 1973/74
|Lines of succession|
||Line of succession to the former Greek throne
Prince Constantine Alexios
of Greece and Denmark
The Queen of the Hellenes
|Line of succession to the British throne
descended from Arthur, son of Victoria