Prince Augustus William of Prussia

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For the son of William II, see Prince August Wilhelm of Prussia (1887–1949).
Prince Augustus William
Prince august wilhelm of prussia.jpg
Spouse Luise of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Issue Frederick William II of Prussia
Prince Henry
Wilhelmina, Princess of Orange
Prince Emil
House House of Hohenzollern
Father Frederick William I of Prussia
Mother Sophia Dorothea of Hanover
Born (1722-08-09)9 August 1722
Stadtschloss, Berlin, Prussia
Died 12 June 1758(1758-06-12) (aged 35)
Oranienburg, Prussia
Prussian Royalty
House of Hohenzollern
Wappen Deutsches Reich - Königreich Preussen (Grosses).png
Frederick William I
   Frederick Louis, Prince of Orange
   Wilhelmine, Margravine of Bayreuth
   Friedrich William, Prince of Orange
   Princess Charlotte Albertine
   Frederick II
   Friederike Luise, Margravine of Ansbach
   Philippine Charlotte, Duchess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
   Prince Ludwig Karl Wilhelm
   Sophia Dorothea, Margravine of Schwedt
   Louisa Ulrika, Queen of Sweden
   Prince Augustus William
   Anna Amalie, Princess-Abbess of Quedlinburg
   Prince Henry
   Prince Augustus Ferdinand

Augustus William of Prussia (German: August Wilhelm; 9 August 1722 – 12 June 1758) was Prince of Prussia and a brother of Frederick II. He was the second son of Frederick William I and Sophia Dorothea.

He was a younger brother of Friederike Sophie, Frederick II and Louisa Ulrika.

Augustus was a general in the Silesian Wars, and distinguished himself in the Battle of Hohenfriedberg. But in the Seven Years' War, owing to the fatal retreat of Zittau during the Battle of Kolin in 1756, he incurred the displeasure of his brother, and withdrew from the army. This conflict between the two brothers led to a correspondence, which was published in 1769.[1]

He married Luise of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. Because his older brother had no children, Augustus's oldest son inherited the throne as Frederick William II of Prussia. The prince was the owner of the future Crown Prince's Palace in Berlin. Augustus died suddenly in 1758 at Oranienburg, according to some of "a broken heart," in reference to his brother Frederick II's harsh treatment of him for his incompetent military leadership in the Battle of Kolin. In reality he died from a brain tumor.[2]

He was given the L’Ordre de l’Harmonie.


Titles, styles, honours and arms[edit]

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 9 August 1722 – 12 June 1758 His Royal Highness Prince August Wilhelm of Prussia


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainRipley, George; Dana, Charles A., eds. (1879). "August Wilhelm". The American Cyclopædia. 
  2. ^ Robert B. Asprey. Frederick the Great: The Magnificent Enigma. p. 491.

External links[edit]