Prince Bertrand of Orléans-Braganza

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Prince Bertrand
Prince Imperial of Brazil (disputed)
Dom Bertrand de Orleans e Bragança.jpg
Prince Bertrand in 2011
Born (1941-02-02) 2 February 1941 (age 78)
Mandelieu-la-Napoule, Vichy France
Full name
Bertrand Maria José Pio Januário Miguel Gabriel Raphael Gonzaga de Orléans e Bragança
HouseOrléans-Braganza
FatherPrince Pedro Henrique of Orléans-Braganza
MotherPrincess Maria Elisabeth of Bavaria
ReligionRoman Catholicism

Prince Bertrand of Orléans-Braganza (born 2 February 1941, Mandelieu-la-Napoule, Vichy France) is a member of the Imperial House of Brazil. According to the disputed claims of the Vassouras branch of the family, he is first in the line of succession to the defunct Brazilian throne, and consequently the current Prince Imperial of Brazil. Prince Bertrand is also related to the Royal House of Portugal and the Royal House of France (Orleanist claimants), both by his father's lineage, and to the Royal House of Wittelsbach, by his mother's lineage.

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

The third son of Prince Pedro Henrique of Orléans-Braganza and Princess Maria Elisabeth of Bavaria, his elder brothers are, in order, Prince Luiz of Orléans-Braganza who is the present Head of the Brazilian Imperial Family and Prince Eudes of Orléans-Braganza, who renounced his dynastic rights to the Brazilian Throne in order to marry a commoner.

As with his two elder brothers, Prince Bertrand was born in southern France, 1941, even though the exile imposed to the Imperial Family had already been revoked, in 1920, due to the Second World War. He came to Brazil only after the end of the conflict.

In Brazil, the Imperial Family settled first in the Grão-Pará Palace in the state of Rio de Janeiro, where he carried out part of his secondary studies in the jesuit St. Ignatius College. Later his family moved to Paraná, where his father bought a farm and Prince Bertrand spent his childhood. When he was 18 years old, he went to São Paulo, where he achieved a bachelor's degree in Law from the Faculty of Law of the University of São Paulo in 1964. He still lives in São Paulo.

Education and positions[edit]

From a very young age he received Catholic formation, being guided by his father to the taste for the doctrinal study and the analysis of the national and international events. He participated with enthusiasm in the academic banks of the ideological struggles that marked Brazil in the first half of the sixties. His formation was completed with frequent trips to Europe, one of which took place during the entire First Session of the Second Vatican Council, when the young prince took close contact with the Catholic intelligentsia to Rome for the great event. Civil pilot, is a reservist of the Brazilian Air Force.

He is a Traditionalist Catholic and a member of Tradition, Family and Property,[1] of traditionalist Catholic inspiration, founded and directed by the intellectual leader Plinio Corrêa de Oliveira until his death. There it diffuses from the catholic and monarchical ideals,[2] seen by him as "distinct and harmonious facets of the same ideal." His older brother, Prince Luiz, is also part of the organization. After the spin-off occurred in the entity, the prince and his brother began to collaborate with members linked to the Plinio Corrêa de Oliveira Institute (IPCO) and the Founders' Association.

Besides Portuguese, his native language, Bertrand is fluent in French and Spanish.

Later life[edit]

He is not married and has no issue, so his dynastic heir is his younger brother, Prince Antonio of Orléans-Braganza, who is married to a Belgian princess, Princess Christine of Ligne, with issue.

Both he and his elder brother, Prince Luiz, are engaged in monarchist proselytism in Brazil.[3] They both played main roles during the campaign for the 1993 plebiscite, which represented the hitherto only real opportunity for a return of the monarchy since the proclamation of the republic, in 1889. In it, the people were asked to choose which form of government (presidential or parliamentary) and which form of state organization (republic or constitutional monarchy) Brazil should have. The monarchist cause was not successful, receiving only 13.4% of the vote.[4][5]

Roles[edit]

In recent years, Prince Bertrand is coordinator and spokesman of the movement Paz no Campo (Peace in the fields), and has traveled all over Brazil lecturing for farmers and entrepreneurs in defense of private property and free enterprise.[6][7] On 2012, Prince Bertrand wrote a book called Psicose Ambientalista (Environmentalist Psychosis), dealing of what he calls "the hoaxes created by radical environmentalists and by eco-terrorists".[8]

Main activist and spokesman of the Brazilian Imperial House for the restoration of the monarchy, Prince Bertrand has gained prominence in the national media and, on some occasions, international media,[9] with the rise and spread of monarchist movements throughout the country.[10] The Prince Imperial participates annually in public meetings with monarchists,[11] in addition to attending other meetings and conducting lectures, often at the invitation of private institutions, municipal governments and legislative assemblies, mainly for public events related to Brazil's monarchical past.[12] On 2016 he gave an interview to Mariana Godoy on her program on RedeTV!, gaining notoriety with the general public.[13] On 22 September 2017 Prince Bertrand participated in the program The Noite com Danilo Gentili, currently the largest talk show in the country, breaking the program's record of audience.[14] Despite the campaign, politically the monarchist movement is still small, with 11% of support among the population, according to a survey.[15]

Political opinions[edit]

Prince Bertrand supports typically conservative ideas: he opposes same-sex marriage, favours the illegality of abortion in all cases and is against the demarcation of indigenous territory in Brazil.[16] He has also criticised the progressivism of Pope Francis, although he does recognize him as the legitimate pope.

Titles and honors[edit]

Styles of
Prince Bertrand
COA Imperial Prince of Brazil.svg
Reference styleHis Imperial and Royal Highness
Spoken styleYour Imperial and Royal Highness
Alternative styleSir

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 2 February 1941 – 5 July 1981: His Royal Highness Prince Bertrand of Orléans-Braganza[17]
  • 5 July 1981 – present: His Imperial and Royal Highness The Prince Imperial of Brazil[18][17]

Honors[edit]

As member of the House of Orléans-Braganza, Prince Bertrand hold the following positions:

He has decorated by the republican Brazil:

He received the following foreign honors:

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Prince Bertrand of Orleans-Braganza Visits America Archived 15 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine", TFP.org, 30 April 2001
  2. ^ "A Sour Anniversary for Brazil's Monarchists" by James Brooke, New York Times, 12 November 1989
  3. ^ "A Sour Anniversary for Brazil's Monarchists" by James Brooke, New York Times, 12 November 1989
  4. ^ "1993 Brazilian Plebiscite Archived 1 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine" by Scott Bailey, UCSD
  5. ^ 1993 Human Rights Report, US State Department, 31 January 1994
  6. ^ Blog de D. Bertrand de Orleans e Bragança.
  7. ^ Paz no campo significa “tolerância zero” com o MST e congêneres. In: Catolicismo, May 2007
  8. ^ ORLEANS E BRAGANÇA, D. Bertrand de. Psicose Ambientalista Archived 28 November 2012 at the Wayback Machine. IPCO, 2012.
  9. ^ "New Plan to Fix Brazil's Royal Mess: Restore the Monarchy". The Wall Street Journal. 17 June 2016. Retrieved 27 November 2017.
  10. ^ "'República está com dias contados', dizem monarquistas após protestos". BBC. 17 August 2015. Retrieved 27 November 2017.
  11. ^ "Monarchical meeting gather 250 people in Flamengo". O Globo. 10 June 2017. Retrieved 27 November 2017.
  12. ^ "Prince Imperial of Brazil visits São Vicente". O Globo. 19 March 2017. Retrieved 27 November 2017.
  13. ^ "Mariana Godoy receive Dom Bertrand de Orleans e Bragança". Rede TV!. 27 May 2016. Retrieved 24 April 2017.
  14. ^ "Danilo Gentili recebe o Príncipe Dom Bertrand no The Noite". SBT. 22 September 2017. Retrieved 18 November 2017.
  15. ^ Instituto Paraná Pesquisas
  16. ^ "Monarquistas ocupam cargos em Brasília e reabilitam grupo católico ultraconservador" [Monarchists occupy posts in Brasília and rehabilitate ultraconservative Catholic group]. BBC Brasil. 4 April 2019.
  17. ^ a b Montgomery-Massingberd, Hugh, ed. (1977). Burke's Royal Families of the World, Volume 1: Europe & Latin America. London: Burke's Peerage. p. 59. ISBN 0-85011-023-8.
  18. ^ Casa Imperial do Brasil Archived 21 December 2016 at the Wayback Machine (in Portuguese)
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j BUYERS, Christopher. The Royal Ark.
  20. ^ Casa Imperial do Brasil. Biografia Archived 23 February 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
  21. ^ MARIE, Michelle (2012) (in Portuguese). Cavaleiros na Ordem Eqüestre do Santo Sepulcro de Jerusalém.

External links[edit]

Prince Bertrand of Orléans-Braganza
Cadet branch of the House of Orléans
Born: 2 February 1941
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Prince Luiz
one of two current pretenders to the throne of Brazil
— TITULAR —
Prince Imperial of Brazil in Vassouras line of succession
5 July 1981 – present
Reason for succession failure:
Empire abolished in 1889
Incumbent
Next in line:
Prince Antônio