Carl Johan Bernadotte
Carl Johan Arthur Bernadotte, Count of Wisborg, KmstkNO (originally Prince Carl Johan Arthur of Sweden, Duke of Dalarna; 31 October 1916 – 5 May 2012) was the fifth and youngest child, and the fourth and youngest son, of King Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden and Princess Margaret of Connaught. He was a paternal uncle of King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden and a maternal uncle of Queen Margrethe II of Denmark and Queen Anne-Marie of Greece.
Marriages and children
Bernadotte lost his succession rights to the Swedish throne and renounced his titles in 1946 when he married in New York City, New York on 19 February a woman who was not of equal rank (i.e., not of a sovereign house), the journalist Elin Kerstin Margaretha Wijkmark (Stockholm, 4 October 1910 – Båstad, 11 September 1987), daughter of Henning Wijkmark and wife Elin Larsson.
They adopted two children:
- Monica Kristina Margaretha Bernadotte (b. 5 March 1948, adopted in 1951). Married on 16 January 1976 and divorced in 1997 Count Johan Peder Bonde af Björnö (b. Göteborg, Sweden, 5 May 1950). They have three children.
- Christian Carl Henning Bernadotte (b. 3 December 1949, adopted in 1950). Married on 13 September 1980 Marianne Jenny (b. Zurich, Switzerland, 31 January 1958), daughter of Jacques Jenny and wife Caroline Yvonne Venter. They have three children.
The Bernadottes lived for some time in New York, where he worked as the representative of the Anglo-Nordic Trading Company. They became friends of the film star Greta Garbo, who stayed with them in their Swedish home near Båstad.
On 29 September 1988, the widowed Count married Countess Gunnila Märtha Louise Wachtmeister af Johannishus (b. Stockholm, 12 May 1923) in Copenhagen. The Countess is the daughter of Count Nils Wachtmeister af Johannishus and Baroness Märta de Geer af Leufsta and at the time of her marriage to Bernadotte was the widow of Carl-Herman Bussler.
Titles and styles
- 31 October 1916 – 19 February 1946: His Royal Highness Prince Carl Johan of Sweden, Duke of Dalarna
- 19 February 1946 – 2 July 1951: His Excellency Carl Johan Bernadotte
- 2 July 1951 – 5 May 2012: His Excellency Carl Johan Prince Bernadotte, Count of Wisborg
When marrying morganatically on 19 February 1946 he lost his Swedish royal titles, i.e. Prince of Sweden and Duke of Dalarna. He subsequently assumed the surname Bernadotte, the name of the Swedish Royal Family.
On 2 July 1951, for himself, his wife and his marital descendants, he was admitted by Grand Duchess Charlotte (head of state at the time) into the Nobility of Luxembourg and there as a nobleman called Carl Johan Arthur Prince Bernadotte as well as Compte de Wisborg. This has been interpreted as the same right to style himself as Prince Bernadotte that his granduncle Oscar had. Counts of Wisborg are considered to be part of the Swedish unintroduced nobility.
He was the chairperson of Ointroducerad Adels Förening, the association of the unintroduced nobility in Sweden, from 1948 till 1963.
On 29 June 2011, he surpassed his elder brother, Sigvard (1907-2002), as the longest-lived of Queen Victoria's male descendants. He was the last surviving great-grandchild of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom, following the 2007 death of Princess Katherine of Greece and Denmark.
Decorations and awards
Certain Swedish decorations were awarded at birth in 1916 and renounced in 1946.
- Knight of the Royal Order of the Seraphim (1916–46)
- Gustav V 70th Birthday Decoration (1928)
- Gustav VI 85th Birthday Medal (1967)
- Carl XVI Gustaf 50th Birthday Commemorative Badge (1996)
- Commander Grand Cross of the Order of the Sword (1916-1946)
- Commander Grand Cross of the Order of the Polar Star (1916-1946, dignity restored 10 April 1952)
- Knight of the Order of Charles XIII (1916-1946)
- Knight of the Order of the Elephant (Denmark)
- Grand Officer of the Order of the Quetzal (Guatemala)
- Grand Cross of the Saxe-Ernestine House Order (Saxe-Coburg-Gotha)
- "Count Carl Johan Bernadotte". The Daily Telegraph (London). 6 May 2012.
- "Who's who in the extended royal family". The Local. May 21, 2010.
- "Obituaries: Count Carl Johan Bernadotte". Daily Telegraph.
- Mémorial du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg No 48, Government of Luxembourg, 13 August 1951, entry dated 18 July 1951
- "Count Carl Johan Bernadotte". London: The Independent. May 8, 2012.
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Carl Johan BernadotteBorn: 31 October 1916 Died: 5 May 2012
Vacant, last held by Prince August, Duke of Dalarna
|Duke of Dalarna