Prince Charles, Count of Flanders
|Count of Flanders|
|Prince Regent of Belgium|
|Tenure||20 September 1944 – 20 July 1950|
10 October 1903|
|Died||1 June 1983
|House||Saxe-Coburg and Gotha|
|Father||Albert I of Belgium|
|Mother||Elisabeth of Bavaria|
|Royal styles of
Prince Charles of Belgium,
Count of Flanders
|Reference style||His Royal Highness|
|Spoken style||Your Royal Highness|
Prince Charles of Belgium, Count of Flanders (Dutch: Karel, German: Karl; 10 October 1903 – 1 June 1983) was the second son of Albert I, King of the Belgians and Duchess Elisabeth in Bavaria. Born in Brussels, he served in lieu of his older brother King Leopold III from 1944 until 1950 as prince regent until Leopold was allowed to return to Belgium. However, shortly after returning and resuming his monarchical duties, Leopold abdicated in favour of his heir apparent, his elder son Baudouin.
During the Second World War Charles was known as General du Boc, in order to hide his identity for security reasons. He had an association with RAF Hullavington where many top officers from Allied nations were based or transported to and from.
During World War I, the children of the Belgian royal family were sent to United Kingdom while King Albert I remained in Belgium behind the Yser Front. In 1915 Prince Charles began attending the prep school of Wixenford in Wokingham, Berkshire, and in 1917 proceeded to the Royal Naval College in Osborne, and later to Dartmouth. In 1926 he received the rank of sub-lieutenant in the British Royal Navy. Later that year he returned to Belgium and began attending the Royal Military School of Brussels.
Prince Charles was appointed Regent of Belgium when the German occupation of his country ended in 1944. The role of his elder brother King Leopold III during the Second World War, as well as Leopold's marriage to Mary Lilian Baels, was questioned and he became a controversial monarch.
Charles's regency was dominated by the events resulting from the German occupation and the controversies around his brother Leopold. This period had an important impact on events in later decades. During his regency, important economic and political decisions were taken.
Belgium managed to jump-start its national economy with the aid of American assistance provided under the Marshall plan. The building sector was stimulated by government grants to repair war-damaged buildings and to build social housing. The financial sector was sanitized through the "Operation Gutt" (after its architect, Camille Gutt), whereby illegally gained profits during the war were targeted. A social welfare system was introduced and a system was set up to govern labour relations.
Furthermore, women obtained the right to vote in parliamentary elections in 1948.
In 1950, Charles's regency ended when Leopold III returned to Belgium and resumed his monarchical duties, following a plebiscite. Charles retired from public life, taking up residence in Ostend and becoming involved in artistic pursuits. Having taken up painting, he signed his works: "Karel van Vlaanderen" (Charles of Flanders).
Charles had a natural daughter, Isabelle Wybo, born in 1938 as the result of a relationship with Jacqueline Wehrli, the daughter of a Brussels baker. Her existence was largely unknown until a biography of the prince was published in 2003. Wybo made an official appearance with her first cousin-once removed, Prince Laurent in 2012.
He died on 1 June 1983 in Ostend, predeceasing his elder brother by a few months, and was buried at the Church of Our Lady of Laeken in Brussels.
It is reported that Prince Charles, Count of Flanders, married Louise Marie Jacqueline Peyrebrune (16 February 1921, in La Réole – September 2014, in Saint-Hilaire-de-la-Noaille), formerly Mrs. Georges Schaack, daughter of Alfred Peyrebrune and Marie Madeleine Triaut, in a religious ceremony in Paris on 14 September 1977. This marriage has been mentioned in every new edition of the Almanach de Gotha. However L'Allemagne Dynastique doubts this assertion, affirming instead that not only was there no civil marriage but that there was also no religious one (which could not take place before a civil marriage, according to French Law). No such religious marriage is registered in the Parish registers of Saint-Pierre-de-Montrouge, but a mere private blessing eight months after the death of her husband given by Father Marcelino Carrera was registered: "The private blessing uniting before God Charles Theodore Count of Flanders and Louise Marie Jacqueline Peyrebrune was given at Saint Peter's at the altar of the Sacred Heart on 14 September 1977. The mutual consent was received by your humble brother in Christ (Fr. Carrera) in the presence of Father Keller and witnesses (Comtesse Annie de Bergeret and Mme. Marie Jeannette Aurelie Menahes). The statement is also signed by the participants and witnesses." This was confirmed by private correspondence of Jacqueline Peyrebrune. She published her memoirs in two books: "Love in Shadow - The Secret Garden of Prince Charles of Belgium" (Editions Tarmeye, 1991) and "Carnets Intimes" (Editions Tarmeye, 1993).
- Republic of China: Knight Grand Cross in the Order of the Cloud and Banner.
- France: Knight Grand Cross in the Legion of Honour
- Greece: Knight Grand Cross in the Order of the Redeemer
- United Kingdom:Knight Grand Cross with Chain in the Royal Victorian Order
- Kingdom of Italy: Knight Grand Cross in the Supreme Order of the Most Holy Annunciation.
- Luxemburg: Knight Grand Cross in the Order of the Gold Lion of the House of Nassau
- Knight Grand Cross in the Order of Malta
- Netherlands: Knight Grand Cross in the Order of the Netherlands Lion
- Norway: Knight Grand Cross in the Order of Saint Olav
- Knight Grand Cross in the Order of Carol I
- Spain: Knight Grand Cross in the Order of Charles III
- Holy See: Knight Grand Cross in the Order of the Holy Sepulchre
- Knight Grand Cross in the Chief-Commander Legion Of Merit, US
- Sweden: Knight in the Order of the Seraphim
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Prince Charles, Count of Flanders
Cadet branch of the House of WettinBorn: 10 October 1903 Died: 1 June 1983
Title last held byPhilippe of Belgium
|Count of Flanders
31 January 1910 – 1 June 1983
Title last held byErasme de Chokier
as Regent of Belgium
|Prince Regent of Belgium
20 September 1944 – 20 July 1950