Prince Edward Island Route 1

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Route 1 shield

Route 1
Trans-Canada Highway
Highway of Heroes[1]
Route information
Length: 119.8 km[2] (74.4 mi)
Major junctions
West end: To Route 16 (TCH) at the Confederation Bridge
East end: To Hwy 106 (TCH) at the Wood Islands ferry dock
Counties: Prince, Queens
Highway system

Provincial highways in Prince Edward Island

Route 358 Route 2

Route 1 is a 120-kilometre (75 mi) long provincial highway that serves as the Prince Edward Island section of the Trans-Canada Highway. Route 1 traverses the southern shores of Prince Edward Island, from the Confederation Bridge in Borden-Carleton to the Wood Islands ferry dock. It is an uncontrolled access 2-lane highway with a maximum speed limit of 90 km/h (55 mph), except within some towns and the city of Charlottetown.

Route description[edit]

Route 1 at the Hillsborough River Bridge

Route 1 serves several towns and communities along the southern shore of Prince Edward Island, as well as bypassing the provincial capital, Charlottetown. The route begins at the northern end of the Confederation Bridge, which crosses the Northumberland Strait to New Brunswick, where the highway becomes New Brunswick Route 16. Travelling eastward, a spur route, Route 1A, branches north towards Summerside. The highway continues meandering east through the communities of Crapaud, Bonshaw, Clyde River and Cornwall before crossing the waterway dividing the North / Yorke River and Graham Rogers Lake into Charlottetown.[2]

Within Charlottetown, Route 1 jogs north along Upton Road then east onto the Charlottetown Perimeter Highway and wraps around the city centre before turning and crossing the Hillsborough River on the Hillsborough River Bridge into Stratford. From there the route travels south near the shore of the Northumberland Strait to Wood Islands. Vehicles can continue via the Northumberland Ferries Limited ferry to Nova Scotia Highway 106 at Caribou, Nova Scotia.[2]


On May 17, 2010, construction began on upgrades to the Charlottetown Perimeter Highway.[3] This work was completed later that year on October 15.[4] Route 1 was then transferred from its old routing along University Avenue and Grafton Street onto the new highway.

A proposal to realign Route 1 through Strathgartney Provincial Park west of Charlottetown was met with significant public opposition in 2011.[5] Construction started on a revised route avoiding the park, dubbed Plan B by opponents, in October 2012. Environmentalists protesting at the work site caused construction to be halted for several days.[6] Darcie Lanthier, then interim leader of the P.E.I. Green Party, was arrested[7] and several protesters charged with trespassing before construction resumed. The realignment opened to traffic on September 23, 2013.[8] The protest group, which became known as Stop Plan B, monitored construction throughout the project and returned in October 2015 to plant trees along the new alignment.[9]

On September 6, 2016, construction began on connections for the Cornwall Perimeter Highway.[10] The new Route 1 alignment will bypass the town of Cornwall, and is expected to be complete in 2019.[11]

Major intersections[edit]

County Location mi km Destinations Notes
Northumberland Strait
(Abegweit Passage)
Confederation Bridge (toll leaving PEI)
Route 16 (TCH) continues in New Brunswick
Prince Borden-Carleton 0.0 0.0 Borden Avenue (west) / Shore Road (east)
Albany Corner 6.0 3.7 Route 1A – Middleton, Ross Corner
Queens Crapaud 17.3 10.7 Route 13 – Cavendish
Hampton 22.1 13.7 Route 116 (Shore Road / Sandy Point Road) – Victoria, South Melville
DeSable 26.1 16.2 Route 19 (Canoe Cove Road) / Route 246 (South Melville Road) – Meadowbank, Stanchel
Clyde River 40.8 25.4 Route 247 (Bannockburn Road) – Dunedin, Kingston
Cornwall 43.8 27.2 Route 19 (Meadowbank Road)
43.9 27.3 Route 248 (Ferry Road)
47.5 29.5 Route 248 (York Point Road) to Route 235 (Kingston Road)
Charlottetown 52.4 32.6 Route 2 (All Weather Highway) Beginning of Route 2 concurrency
54.1 33.6 Route 15 (Brackley Point Road) Service to Charlottetown Airport
55.6 34.5 Route 2 (Saint Peters Road) End of Route 2 concurrency
Bunbury 61.5 38.2 Route 21 (Banbury Road)
Stratford 63.8 39.6 Route 26 (Georgetown Road) – Teahill, Pownall
Mt Albion 72.1 44.8 Route 5 (48 Road)
Mt Mellick 77.1 47.9 Route 3 (Georgetown Road) – Georgetown
Wood Islands 118.5 73.6 Route 4 (Shore Road) – Dingwells Mills
119.7 74.4 Wood Islands Ferry Terminal
Northumberland Strait Northumberland Ferries Limited ferry to Caribou, Nova Scotia
Hwy 106 (TCH) continues in Nova Scotia
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Spur route[edit]

Route 1A
Location: Albany CornerTravelers Rest
Length: 20.3 km[12] (12.6 mi)

Prince Edward Island Route 1A is a 20.3-kilometre (12.6 mi) long spur route from Route 1 in Albany Corner, north to a roundabout at Route 2 in Travelers Rest.


Route map: Google

KML is from Wikidata
  1. ^ Poirier, Brett (June 30, 2014). "Highway of Heroes unveiled in Prince Edward Island". The Guardian. Retrieved January 12, 2018. 
  2. ^ a b c Google (December 19, 2013). "PEI Route 1 - Length and route" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved December 19, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Governments Celebrate Highway Improvements on the Charlottetown Perimeter Highway". Infrastructure Canada. May 17, 2010. Retrieved September 8, 2016. 
  4. ^ Infrastructure Canada (October 15, 2010). "Completed Road Work on Two Island Highways Will Improve Traffic Flow and Increase Transit Safety". Government of Canada. Retrieved September 8, 2016. 
  5. ^ Stewart, Date (December 20, 2011). "Province steers away from provincial park". The Guardian. Retrieved September 8, 2016. 
  6. ^ "Protest shuts down highway project for 2nd day". CBC News. October 5, 2012. Retrieved September 8, 2016. 
  7. ^ Tutton, Michael (October 10, 2012). "Interim leader of P.E.I. Green Party arrested in protest". CTV News Atlantic. Retrieved September 8, 2016. 
  8. ^ "Plan B Trans-Canada reroute partially opens near Bonshaw". CBC News. September 23, 2013. Retrieved September 8, 2016. 
  9. ^ "Plan B protesters return to P.E.I. highway site to plant trees". CBC News. October 11, 2015. Retrieved September 8, 2016. 
  10. ^ "Construction to begin for roundabouts of Cornwall bypass". The Guardian. August 24, 2016. Retrieved September 8, 2016. 
  11. ^ "Cornwall bypass route unveiled". The Guardian. September 7, 2016. Retrieved September 8, 2016. 
  12. ^ Google (December 19, 2010). "PEI Route 1A" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved December 19, 2010. 
Preceded by
NB Route 16
Trans-Canada Highway
Route 1
Succeeded by
NS Highway 106