Prince Eitel Friedrich of Prussia
Prince Eitel Friedrich of Prussia (Wilhelm Eitel Friedrich Christian Karl; 7 July 1883 – 8 December 1942) was the second son of Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany by his first wife, Augusta Viktoria of Schleswig-Holstein. He was born and died in Potsdam, Germany.
Life and activities
On 27 February 1906, Prince Eitel married Duchess Sophia Charlotte of Oldenburg (2 February 1879 Oldenburg – 29 March 1964 Westerstede) in Berlin. They were divorced on 20 October 1926 on the grounds of her adultery before the war. They had no children.
Raised at the cadet corps of Plön Castle, Prince Eitel was in the front line from the beginning of World War I and was wounded at Bapaume, where he commanded the Prussian First Foot Guards. He temporarily relinquished command to Count Hans von Blumenthal, but returned to duty before the end of the year. The following year, he was transferred to the Eastern Front. During the summer of 1915, he was out in a field in Russia when he had a chance encounter with Manfred von Richthofen, who had just crashed with his superior officer, Count Holck. The two men were hiding in a nearby tree line from what they thought was the advancing Russian army and who turned out to be the grenadiers, guardsmen, and officers of Prince Eitel.
After the war, he was engaged in monarchist circles and the Stahlhelm paramilitary organization. In 1921, the Berlin criminal court found him guilty of the fraudulent transfer of 300,000 Marks and sentenced him to a fine of 5000 Marks.
From 1907 to 1926, he was Master of the Knights (Herrenmeister) of the Order of St. John (Johanniterorden). He received the Pour le Mérite order in 1915. His body is buried at the Antique Temple in Sanssouci Park, Potsdam.
- Hauptmann (captain) and commander of the Leibkompagnie (Life-company), 1. Garderegiment zu Fuß (1st Regiment of Foot Guards)
- à la suite, Grenadierregiment König Friedrich Wilhelm IV.(1. Pommersches) Nr. 2
- à la suite, 1. Gardelandwehrregiment (Guard Reserve Regiment)
- Hauptmann (captain), Austria-Hungary K.u.K. Infantry Regiment "Wilhelm I., Deutscher Kaiser und König von Preußen" Nr. 34
- Hauptmann (captain), Saxon Army
- à la suite, 7. Königsinfanterieregiment (King's Infantry Regiment) Nr. 106
- First Brigade of Imperial Guards, commander, 1914-15
Orders and decorations
- German decorations
- Johanniter Order, 34th Master of Knights, 1907-1926
- Cross of the Mount of Olives, Founder, 24 December 1909
- Order of the Black Eagle, Knight with Collar
- Order of the Red Eagle, Grand Cross with Crown
- Order of the Prussian Crown, Knight 1st Class
- Royal House Order of Hohenzollern, Grand Commander
- Iron Cross, 2nd and 1st Class, 1914
- Pour le Mérite, 22 March 1915; with Oak Leaves, 14 May 1915
- Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen: Princely House Order of Hohenzollern, Cross of Honour 1st Class with Swords
- Baden: Military Karl-Friedrich Merit Order, Commander
- Brunswick: War Merit Cross
- Ernestine duchies:
- Hamburg: Hanseatic Cross
- House Order of the Wendish Crown, Grand Cross with Crown in Ore
- Cross for Distinction in War, 1st Class (Mecklenburg-Strelitz)
- House and Merit Order of Duke Peter Friedrich Ludwig, Grand Cross with Golden Crown, Collar and Swords
- Friedrich August Cross, 1st Class
- Württemberg: Order of the Württemberg Crown, Grand Cross, 1899
- Foreign decorations
- Austria-Hungary: Order of St. Stephen of Hungary, Grand Cross, 1900
- Denmark: Order of the Elephant, Knight, 19 November 1906
- Netherlands: Order of the Netherlands Lion, Grand Cross
- Norway: Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olav, Grand Cross with Collar
- Ottoman Empire:
- Kingdom of Portugal: Order of the Tower and Sword, Grand Cross
- Qajar dynasty: Order of the Lion and the Sun, Grand Cross
- Qing dynasty: Order of the Double Dragon, Class I Grade II
- Kingdom of Romania: Order of the Crown of Romania, Grand Cross
- United Kingdom: Royal Victorian Order, Honorary Grand Cross, 1 July 1904 (expelled in 1915)
Two ships were named after Prince Eitel, the passenger ship Prince Eitel Friedrich (1901) and the Reich postal steamer Prince Eitel Friedrich (1904).
- Tucholsky: Awrumele Schabbesdeckel und Prinz Eitel-Friedrich von Hohenzollern at www.textlog.de
- Handbuch über den Königlich Preußischen Hof und Staat (1918), Genealogy p.1
- The American Library Annual. R.R. Bowker Co. 1915. p. 25.
- Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Königreich Preußen (1908), Genealogy p.1
- "A Szent István Rend tagjai" Archived 22 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- Jørgen Pedersen (2009). Riddere af Elefantordenen, 1559–2009 (in Danish). Syddansk Universitetsforlag. p. 468. ISBN 978-87-7674-434-2.
- Shaw, Wm. A. (1906) The Knights of England, I, London, p. 430
Schench, G. Handbuch über den Königlich Preuβischen Hof und Staat fur das Jahr 1908. Berlin, Prussia, 1907.
Prince Eitel Friedrich of PrussiaBorn: 7 July 1883 Died: 8 December 1942
Albrecht, Prinz von Preußen
| Herrenmeister (Grand Master) of the Order of Saint John
Oskar, Prinz von Preußen