Prince Ernst August of Hanover (born 1983)
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|Prince Ernst August of Hanover|
Ernst August (left) and Ralf Meister, Bishop of Hanover, in 2014
19 July 1983 |
Hildesheim, Lower Saxony, Germany
|Spouse||Ekaterina Malysheva (m. 2017)|
|Father||Ernst August, Prince of Hanover|
Prince Ernst August of Hanover, (legal name German: Ernst August Prinz von Hannover Herzog zu Braunschweig und Lüneburg, Königlicher Prinz von Großbritannien und Irland. Named Ernst August Andreas Philipp Constantin Maximilian Rolf Stephan Ludwig Rudolph, he was born 19 July 1983, the eldest child of Ernst August, Prince of Hanover (head of the ancient House of Welf which once ruled the Kingdom of Hanover), and his former wife Chantal Hochuli.
Ernst August and his younger brother Christian, were born in Hildesheim, Lower Saxony, while heir half-sister, Alexandra was born in Austria and lives with her mother in Monaco. Ernst August was christened on 15 October 1983 at Marienburg Castle, his godparents including Felipe VI of Spain and Constantine II of Greece.
Ernst August is distantly in the line of succession to the British throne, being a male-line descendant of George III of Great Britain and a female-line descendant of Queen Victoria. Despite the family's residing in Germany through both World Wars, his paternal grandfather obtained British citizenship for himself and his children in November 1956 under the Sophia Naturalization Act 1705, and their family owned property and conducted business in the post-war United Kingdom. Until his mid-teens, Ernst August and his brother lived at Hurlingham Lodge in London.
He also descends from Germany's last emperor, Wilhelm II, following whose abdication at the end of World War I the Hanovers also lost sovereignty over the Duchy of Brunswick, while retaining much of their continental personal property.
In 2004, his father signed over to him the German property of the House of Hanover, including Marienburg Castle and the agricultural estates of Calenberg Castle. Since the sale of his nearby Calenberg manor house in 2010, the young prince resides at the Fürstenhaus ("Princely House") at Herrenhausen Gardens in Hanover when in Germany. The elaborate museum in this small palace, built by King George I of Great Britain in 1720, has been closed to the public since 2011. The prince also manages an estate at Gmunden in Austria, which became the Hanovers' main residence in exile after 1866 when their Kingdom of Hanover was annexed by Prussia. A family foundation there still owns the Königinvilla ("Queen's Villa"), "Cumberland Wildlife Park", vast forests, a hunting lodge and the mausoleum at Cumberland Castle.
In 2014, Ernst August lent a number of paintings and objects for a Lower Saxony state exhibition, When the Royals came from Hanover - The rulers of Hanover on England's throne, which included exhibits in five museums and castles under the auspices of Charles, Prince of Wales. Thirty of more than 1000 items were contributed by Elizabeth II, including the State Crown of George I, while Ernst August provided the king's famous Augsburg silver throne and other furniture dating to 1720. He hosted a parallel exhibition, The Way to the Crown, at Marienburg Castle until through 2016, displaying - among other items - the crown jewels of the Kingdom of Hanover.
In the summer of 2016 Ernst August became engaged to Ekaterina Malysheva, a Russian designer. Days before the wedding, the elder Ernst August publicly stated concerns about potential adverse impacts on family assets if the younger Ernst August were to marry his chosen fiancée. Although his father and grandfather had obtained orders-in-council as recently as 1999 from George VI and Elizabeth II, respectively, authorizing their marriages as male-line descendants of George III as required by the British Royal Marriages Act, that law was effectively repealed in 2015. Despite the dynastic tradition of obtaining the head of House Hanover's express, prior authorization for an heir's marriage in accordance with an 1836 Hanoverian house law (as Ernst August's father had done when marrying his sons' future mother in 1981), the bridegroom's father declared his intention to withhold consent for his son's marriage to Ekaterina Malysheva.
Nonetheless the civil marriage took place on 6 July 2017 in Hanover's New Town Hall and was conducted by the mayor of Hanover, Stefan Schostok. The church marriage took place on 8 July 2017 in the Hanover Market Church at which the former Landesbischof of the Evangelical-Lutheran Church of Hanover, Horst Hirschler, presided. The bride was escorted by her father, Igor Malyshev. Her wedding dress was the work of Lebanese designer Sandra Mansour, and she wore a tiara that belonged to Emperor Wilhelm II's only daughter, Princess Victoria Louise of Prussia. Among the wedding guests were: Prince Christian of Hanover, Princess Alexandra of Hanover, Andrea Casiraghi and his wife Tatiana Santo Domingo, Pierre Casiraghi and his wife Beatrice Borromeo, Charlotte Casiraghi, Georg Friedrich, Prince of Prussia and his wife Princess Sophie, Crown Prince Pavlos of Greece and his wife Crown Princess Marie-Chantal, Hereditary Prince Hubertus of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Alexander, Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe and Princess Elisabeth von Thurn und Taxis. The father of the groom, Prince Ernst August, did not attend the wedding.
Titles, styles, and honours
Titles and styles
- 19 July 1983 – 9 December 1987: His Royal Highness Prince Ernst August of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
- 9 December 1987 – present: His Royal Highness The Hereditary Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
In Germany, the legal privileges of royalty and nobility were abolished in 1919; thereafter for legal purposes, hereditary titles form part of the surname only. Nonetheless, while descendants of non-dynastic marriages may have a legal right to the use of "Prinz/Prinzessin von Hannover Herzog/Herzogin zu Braunschweig und Lüneburg Königlicher Prinz/Prinzessin von Großbritannien und Irland" as surnames, they are not recognized as bearing rank, styles titles or membership appertaining to the House of Hanover, according to its house rules. Nor is the title "Prince/ss of Great Britain and Ireland", re-claimed by the deposed House of Hanover in 1931, accorded by British sovereigns to members thereof born after 30 November 1917.
|Ancestors of Prince Ernst August of Hanover (born 1983)|
Notes and references
- In Germany, royal and noble titles were abolished in 1919, thereafter being legally borne as surnames.
- Benne, Simon (15 March 2014). "In der Prinzenrolle". Hannoversche Allgemeine Zeitung (in German).
Unter Nachname steht im Pass 'Prinz von Hannover Herzog zu Braunschweig und Lüneburg Königlicher Prinz von Großbritannien und Irland'.
- Opfell, Olga S. "H.R.H. Ernst August, Prince of Hanover Duke of Brunswick and Luneburg Royal House of Hanover (House of Guelph)," Royalty Who Waits: The 21 Heads of Formerly Regnant Houses of Europe. Jefferson: McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers, 2001. 42-50.
- Eilers, Marlene. Queen Victoria's Descendants. Rosvall Royal Books, Falkoping, Sweden, 1997. pp. 22-24. ISBN 91-630-5964-9
- The Hanover Brothers
- Schinkel, Andreas (8 March 2017). "Königliche Hochzeit im Juli in der Marktkirche". Hannoversche Allgemeine Zeitung (in German). Retrieved 10 June 2017.
- Figaro Madame. Klhoé Dominguez. 3 July 2017. Le mari de Caroline de Monaco s'oppose au mariage de son fils. (French).
- Queen-in-Council. 11 January 1999. Order-in-Council.
- Gothaisches Genealogisches Handbuch der Fürstlchen Häuser, Band I. Verlag des Deutschen Adelsarchivs. Marburg. 2015. pp. 122-123, 625-627. (German). ISBN 978-3-9817243-0-1.
- "Ernst August und Ekaterina sind verheiratet". Hannoversche Allgemeine Zeitung (in German). 6 July 2017. Retrieved 9 July 2017.
- Benne, Simon (8 July 2017). "Ernst August und Ekaterina sagen Ja". Hannoversche Allgemeine Zeitung (in German). Retrieved 9 July 2017.
- The Reich Constitution of August 11th 1919 (Weimar Constitution) with Modifications, Article 109.
- de Badts de Cugnac, Chantal. Coutant de Saisseval, Guy. Le Petit Gotha. Nouvelle Imprimerie Laballery, Paris 2002, pp. 60–62, 71. (French) ISBN 2-9507974-3-1
- Photographic image. Alamy.
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Prince Ernst August of Hanover (born 1983)
Cadet branch of the House of WelfBorn: 19 July 1983
||Line of succession to the Hanoverian throne
Prince Christian of Hanover
The Prince of Hanover
|Line of succession to the British throne
descended from Victoria, Princess Royal, daughter of Queen Victoria