Prince Georg Friedrich of Waldeck

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Prince Georg Friedrich of Waldeck
Georg Friedrich von Waldeck.gif
Georg Friedrich of Waldeck (anonymous)
Spouse(s) Elisabeth Charlotte of Nassau-Siegen
Noble family House of Waldeck
Father Wolrad IV, Count of Waldeck
Mother Anna of Baden-Durlach
Born (1620-01-31)31 January 1620
Died 19 November 1692(1692-11-19) (aged 72)
Prince Georg Friedrich of Waldeck

Prince Georg Friedrich of Waldeck (31 January 1620, Arolsen – 19 November 1692, Arolsen) was a German and Dutch Field Marshal and, for the last three years of his life, Grand Master of the Order of Saint John (Bailiwick of Brandenburg).

In 1641, Waldeck entered the service of the States-General of the Netherlands; later in 1651, in the service of Brandenburg, he reached the highest rank as minister. He changed the foreign policy completely by abandoning the alliance with the Emperor and trying to forge a coalition with the Protestant princes.

In 1656 he arranged a coalition with Sweden, and commanded the cavalry in the Battle of Warsaw (1656) against Poland. He was dismissed in 1658 when Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg made peace with Poland.

After that he fought under Charles X Gustav of Sweden against Denmark, as German Reichsfeldmarschall in 1664 near Sankt Gotthard. In 1683 he commanded Bavarian troops during the Battle of Vienna. In 1685 he fought as a free-lancer for the Duke of Lorraine and the Elector of Bavaria.

After William III left for England in 1688 to claim the English throne, Waldeck was appointed Field Marshal of William's forces during the War of the Grand Alliance in the Spanish Netherlands. Although he was victorious at the Battle of Walcourt in 1689, the following year he suffered a heavy defeat at the hands of Marshal Luxembourg at the Battle of Fleurus.

In 1691, he was again outmanoeuvred by Luxembourg and defeated at the Battle of Leuze. After this defeat Waldeck was appointed chief-of-staff of the Dutch States Army. He died on 19 November 1692 in Arolsen.


  • Theodor Heuss: Georg Friedrich von Waldeck. In: Theodor Heuss: Schattenbeschwörung. Randfiguren der Geschichte. Wunderlich, Stuttgart u. a. 1947 (Too: Klöpfer und Meyer, Tübingen 1999, ISBN 3-931402-52-5 (Promenade 13)).
  • Thomas Klein: Georg Friedrich. En: Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB). Band 6, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1964, ISBN 3-428-00187-7, S. 230 f.
  • Gerhard Menk: Georg Friedrich von Waldeck (1620–1692). Eine biographische Skizze. Waldeckischer Geschichtsverein, Arolsen 1992, ISBN 3-9802226-5-9 (Waldeckische historische Hefte 3).
  • Gerhard Menk: Absolutismus und Regierungsform in Waldeck. Der Zugriff Graf Georg Friedrichs und seines Kanzlers Johann Viëtor auf Staat und Stände, in: Hessisches Jahrbuch für Landesgeschichte 35 (1985), S. 69-135.
  • Gerhard Menk: Der frühneuzeitliche Beamte und die Staatsräson. Georg Friedrich von Waldeck und die Nachlaßregelung des Kanzlers Johann Viëtor, in: Geschichtsblätter für Waldeck 81 (1993), S. 35-75.
  • Pieter Lodewijk Muller: Georg Friedrich, Fürst von Waldeck, Graf von Pyrmont und Culemborg. In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Band 8, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1878, S. 701–709.

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Prince Georg Friedrich of Waldeck
Born: 31 January 1620 Died: 19 November 1692
Preceded by
Johann Moritz, Fürst von Nassau-Siegen
Herrenmeister (Grand Master) of the Order of Saint John
Succeeded by
Karl Philipp, Markgraf zu Brandenburg-Schwedt